Title: George Washington Whitman to Louisa Van Velsor Whitman, 11 July 1862
Date: July 11, 1862
Source: The transcription presented here is derived from George Washington Whitman, Civil War Letters of George Washington Whitman, ed. Jerome M. Loving (Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1975), 57-58. For a description of the editorial rationale behind our treatment of the correspondence, see our statement of editorial policy.
Location: Trent Collection of Whitmaniana, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00322
Contributors to digital file: Elizabeth Lorang, Eric Conrad, Nicole Gray, Kathryn Kruger, Gillian Price, and April Lambert
Newport News Virginia
You see by this that we have again moved our Camp. Word came to us at Newbern on the 1st of July that they were fighting in front of Richmond and we were ordered to strike tents and go on board of Trasports at daylight on the morning of July 2d. We were quite surprised to get orders to go on board of Transports for we were under orders to march at short notice leaveing our tents standing and not to take anyone that was not able to stand a long and rapid march I think Burnside1 was just about ready to walk through North Carolina when this affair hapened at Richmond which upset all his plans for the present.2 We left Newbern July 2d our regiment was put on board a steamer called the Ellen Terry which was hardly large enough to accomodate half the number we had on board, and I prefered to sleep on deck in the rain and get a good soaking, rather than to sleep below Just after I had laid down on the deck one of the men came on deck walked along opposite to where I lay, and jumped overboard, we lowered a boat but could not get him as he never came to the top of the water at all, he was a Sergeant belonging to Co.K. and was a very steady good soldier.
During the night another man belonging to Co. A. either jumped or fell overboard and was drowned. We arived and came to anchor at Hatteras Inlet on the afternoon of July 3d and there we were told that McClellans forces were in Richmond and we were ordered back to Newbern, where we arived on the afternoon of July 4th. next day we pitched our tents on the old camp ground and we had just got them pitched when we were ordered to strike them at daylight on the morning of the 6th and go on board the steamer We arived at Fortress Monroe which is about 10 miles from here July 8th were we lay until the afternoon of the 9th when we came here and pitched our camp The masts of the frigate Cumberland are about half out of the water, she lays just opposite our camp about 300 yards from the shore, the wreck of the Congress lies just below she was set on fire you know after she was captured by the Merimack,3 This seems to be a very healthy pleasant place and I think very likely we shall remain here some time unless they make another attack on Gen McClellan when we will probaly take a hand in the game.
The last letter I received from you Mother is dated June 14th I got one from Walt of June 10th but we expect a mail here in the course of a day or two when I shall probaly hear from you. I suppose the last letter you sent has gone to Newbern but it will come back here in a day or two. I wrote you a couple of days before we left Newbern and will write often. I have been bothered considerably with some sort of a rash which broke out in blotches nearly as large as my hand all over my arms and body it burns very bad, the Doctor said it was the effects of the heat, and I supose it was anyhow it has all disapeared now and I have not felt it for two or three days. (Direct your letters Burnside Expedition Newport News) part of our forces are still at Newbern.
My Love to all.
Good Night Mother
G W Whitman
1. Ambrose Everett Burnside (1824–1881) who organized the First Rhode Island Infantry at the outbreak of the war. He was then in command of the Expedition Against the Coast of North Carolina. [back]
2. On July 6, 1862, General Burnside, in command of 7,000 troops, withdrew from North Carolina with the expectation of joining McClellan's Army of the Potomac, which was engaged in an attempt to capture the city of Richmond. [back]
3. On March 8, 1862, the Confederate frigate Virginia (formerly named the Merrimack, which had been sunk by the Federals on the evacuation of Norfolk Navy Yard at the beginning of the war and promptly raised by the Confederates) had attacked the Union blockading squadron in Hampton Roads. The Virginia, armored with iron plate and a cast-iron ram, easily sank the Cumberland and destroyed the Congress with gunfire. [back]