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Catalog of the Walt Whitman Literary Manuscripts in the Trent Collection of Whitmaniana, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

Processed by: Melissa Delbridge and Daniel Breen; machine-readable finding aid created by: Michael Shumate and Elizabeth Arnold; revised and expanded by the Walt Whitman Archive and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries. Encoded Archival Description completed with the assistance of the Gladys Kreible Delmas Foundation, the University of Nebraska Research Council, the Institute for Museum and Library Services, and the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Title: Walt Whitman Literary Manuscripts in the Trent Collection of Whitmaniana, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

Creator:  Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892


Repository:  Duke University

Abstract:
This catalog is a revised and enriched document based upon the original created by the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University, and obtained by the Walt Whitman Archive. The original papers and catalogue records are held at the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.

Scope and Content: 
The bulk of Duke University's Walt Whitman holdings were acquired through a series of substantial donations made by Dr. and Mrs. Josiah C. Trent, from whom the Trent Collection of Whitmaniana takes its name. Much of the Trent material was originally gathered by Richard Maurice Bucke, Whitman's friend and literary executor, who sold manuscript versions of his biography of Whitman, along with his collection of unpublished letters and Whitman's personal papers and books, in London in 1935. The next year, Jacob Schwartz offered for sale in New York a large portion of the Whitman holdings that had belonged to Bucke, and many of the items listed in the catalogue of this sale were a part of the original donation made to Duke by Dr. and Mrs. Trent in 1942. The Trent family made several important additions to their initial bequest in the years following the establishment of the collection, but Duke University does not expect its Whitman manuscript holdings to expand at any time in the near future.

The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana incorporates material spanning the dates 1841-1947, with the bulk of the material dated 1845-1849, 1854-1857, and 1864-1892. The virtual reorganization of the collection, based upon that devised by Ellen F. Frey in A Bibliography of Walt Whitman (1945; rpt. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1965), divides it into six series: Correspondence, Writings, Clippings, Material About or Relating to Whitman, Portraits, and Miscellany.

Although the Trent Collection contains a wide variety of Whitman material, this catalog deals only with those items deemed poetry or prose manuscripts.

Biographical Information:
For additional biographical information, see "Walt Whitman," by Ed Folsom and Kenneth M. Price, and the chronology of Whitman's Life.

Subjects:
Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892;  Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892—Manuscripts; Poets, American—19th century



Whitman Archive Title: "The Scout"
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00276
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: about 1855 or later
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript suggesting "The Scout" as a good title for a poem, magazine, or newspaper, of which the connection to Whitman's published work is unknown. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[And there, farther south]," "Drops of my Blood," and "[In a poem make the thought]."



Whitman Archive Title: A Word about Tennyson
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00151
Repository ID: MS q 49
Date: 1886-1887
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 7 leaves, handwritten, print
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14
Content: A complete draft of Whitman's essay "A Word About Tennyson," which was first published in the Critic on January 1, 1887. The piece would later appear in the English edition of Democratic Vistas and Other Papers (1888), as well as November Boughs (1888) and Complete Prose Works (1892). Whitman has numbered the pages and included a note to the printer at the top of the first leaf.



Whitman Archive Title: After all is said and done
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00797
Repository ID: MS 4to 3
Date: about 1855
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains prose writing related to ideas expressed in Leaves of Grass; the second paragraph contains lines which would appear in a slightly altered form in what became section 4 of "Song of Myself." The verso contains a draft of ideas about touch related to sections 28-30 in the final version of "Song of Myself" (see "it is no miracle now that"). "Song of Myself" first appeared, untitled, in Leaves of Grass (1855); it was first titled, "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American," in the 1856 edition, and Whitman shortened the title to "Walt Whitman" in 1860–1861. The final title, "Song of Myself," was not introduced until the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: An After Thought or Two
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00286
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: 1855 or later
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript title, apparently for a group of poems, never used in Whitman's published work. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[Poem, as in a rapt and]," and "[Poem ante-dating]."



Whitman Archive Title: Banjo Poem
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00290
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: 1845–1892
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Scrap with just two words, apparently a trial title. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Poem L'Envoy," "Poem [?The Cruise]," and "[of Death—the song]."



Whitman Archive Title: Broadaxe
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00033
Repository ID: II-5 12
Date: about 1856
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes written in three separate columns about the uses and history of the broadaxe. "The Broad-Axe Poem" first appeared in Leaves of Grass (1856), taking the title "Song of the Broad-Axe" in 1867.



Whitman Archive Title: Bunsen
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00200
Date: 1856 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: Notes on Africa. Whitman used some of the place names and a version of one of the phrases here ("The fresh-sunned Mediterranean, and from one to another of its islands") in the 1856 "Poem of Salutation," which was eventually titled "Salut au Monde!"



Whitman Archive Title: Camden - Phila
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00121
Repository ID: MS f 47
Date: 1884
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript which contains lines similar to those found at the beginning of "Additional Note, 1887, to English Edition 'Specimen Days.'" The note was originally titled "Additional Note. Written 1887 for the English Edition" and included in the second (English) edition of Specimen Days. The note would later be reprinted in Complete Prose Works. The date on the manuscript, however, indicates that it was written in 1884 and likely intended for inclusion in a proposed two-volume edition of poetry and prose to be published in 1884. The edition never materialized. On the verso of the manuscript is a note by William Sloane Kennedy.



Whitman Archive Title: Carols Closing Sixty-Nine
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00056
Repository ID: MS 4to 20
Date: about 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript of suggestions for the title of a collection of poetry which eventually appeared under the heading "Sands at Seventy" in the 1888 volume of poetry and prose entitled November Boughs. The title "Carols Closing Sixty-Nine" appears here as one of the possible names for this collection. The verso of this document contains the underlined words "Sands at Seventy" and a cancelled note reading "for annex to the preced," which corresponds to ideas expressed on the recto.



Whitman Archive Title: Companions
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00284
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: About 1860
Genre: prose, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Jotted idea for a series of poems about Whitman's various companions. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Poem of Young Men."



Whitman Archive Title: Drops of my Blood
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00277
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one side is a list of trial titles, probably for the poem first published as "Calamus 15" in Leaves of Grass (1860) and eventually titled "Trickle Drops." On the reverse is a fragment of about two and a half lines, heavily corrected, whose relationship to Whitman's published poetry is unknown. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[And there, farther south]," "The Scout," and "[In a poem make the thought]."



Whitman Archive Title: Hands Ro[und]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00024
Repository ID: MS 4to 24
Date: between 1865 and 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: A manuscript poem with a patriotic theme left unpublished in Whitman's lifetime.



Whitman Archive Title: How I get around at 60 and take notes
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00214
Repository ID: MS 123
Date: 1881
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 11 leaves, handwritten, print
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22
Content: A manuscript copy, with printer's instructions, of the first in a series of six articles that Whitman wrote for the Critic between January 1881 and July 1882, entitled "How I Get Around at 60, and Take Notes" (except for the sixth number, which was entitled "How I Still Get Around at 60, and Take Notes"). The article to which this manuscript contributed was published on January 29, 1881. A portion of the material for the article came from "Winter Sunshine," which Whitman had published in the Philadelphia Times a year earlier. The article was later broken up and reprinted in various places throughout Specimen Days (1882).



Whitman Archive Title: Italian singers in America
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00139
Repository ID: MS 66
Date: 1858-1859
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: A manuscript containing a fairly neat draft of what is likely a piece of journalism that was never published. The piece deals with Italian opera singers in New York, a subject about which Whitman had already written in an article entitled "The Opera," which appeared in Life Illustrated on November 10, 1855. As Edward Grier notes, the date of this manuscript is either late 1858 or 1859, as Marietta Piccolomini (a singer mentioned in the piece as being "the present 'rage'") only appeared in America during that opera season (Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts [New York: New York Univeristy Press, 1984] 1:396).



Whitman Archive Title: Leaves of Grass
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00053
Repository ID: MS 19
Date: about 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 18 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16
Content: The handwritten Table of Contents of the 1881-1882 edition of Leaves of Grass with instructions to the printer. Also included is a proof of the title-page of the same edition, with Whitman's corrections.



Whitman Archive Title: Leaves of Grass
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00098
Repository ID: I-1
Date: about 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 270 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105 | 106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110 | 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 | 143 | 144 | 145 | 146 | 147 | 148 | 149 | 150 | 151 | 152 | 153 | 154 | 155 | 156 | 157 | 158 | 159 | 160 | 161 | 162 | 163 | 164 | 165 | 166 | 167 | 168 | 169 | 170 | 171 | 172 | 173 | 174 | 175 | 176 | 177 | 178 | 179 | 180 | 181 | 182 | 183 | 184 | 185 | 186 | 187 | 188 | 189 | 190 | 191 | 192 | 193 | 194 | 195 | 196 | 197 | 198 | 199 | 200 | 201 | 202 | 203 | 204 | 205 | 206 | 207 | 208 | 209 | 210 | 211 | 212 | 213 | 214 | 215 | 216 | 217 | 218 | 219 | 220 | 221 | 222 | 223 | 224 | 225 | 226 | 227 | 228 | 229 | 230 | 231 | 232 | 233 | 234 | 235 | 236 | 237 | 238 | 239 | 240 | 241 | 242 | 243 | 244 | 245 | 246 | 247 | 248 | 249 | 250 | 251 | 252 | 253 | 254 | 255 | 256 | 257 | 258 | 259 | 260 | 261 | 262 | 263 | 264 | 265 | 266 | 267 | 268 | 269
Content: Printer's copy for portions of the 1881-1882 edition of Leaves of Grass containing manuscript and printed pages with numerous corrections, additions, and instructions to the printer. A lock of Whitman's hair, enclosed in a wrapper, also appears with this collection.



Whitman Archive Title: Poem (bequeathing to others a charge) what poems are wanted
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00270
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Manuscript with idea for a poem to include "a long list" drawn from other (unidentified) manuscript scraps. This fragment has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Poem of Poets (now) in all lands." An image of the verso is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: Poem L'Envoy
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00289
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: before 1860
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Note for a poem. It is unclear whether this manuscript is connected to any of Whitman's published poetry. The reverse contains a fragmentary set of notes for a game of "Twenty Questions." This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Banjo Poem," "Poem [?The Cruise]," and "[of Death—the song]."



Whitman Archive Title: Poem [?The Cruise]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00291
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Scrap with what are apparently two trial versions of a title. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Poem L'Envoy," "Banjo Poem," and "[of Death—the song]."



Whitman Archive Title: Poem [As in Visions of]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00258
Repository ID: MS 4to 30
Date: 1855 or before
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Notes for a poem about night "visions," possibly related to the untitled 1855 poem that Whitman eventually titled "The Sleepers." Fragments of an unidentified newspaper clipping about the Puget Sound area have been pasted to the leaf. An image of the verso is not available.



Whitman Archive Title: Poem [There can be no greatest]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00268
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes toward a poem comparing the progress of "the divine man" to the geological development of the earth, of which the connection to Whitman's published works is unknown.



Whitman Archive Title: Poem of Existence
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00060
Repository ID: MS 4to 26
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript of poetic lines unpublished in Whitman's lifetime.



Whitman Archive Title: Poem of Language
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00251
Repository ID: MS 4to 30
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Manuscript containing ideas for a poem about the variety of languages and sounds. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[Whole Poem]." An image of the verso is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: Poem of Materials
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00042
Repository ID: MS 12mo 15
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains notes for poetry, including phrases which appear in section 6 of the final version of"Starting from Paumanok" and in "Mediums." The published version of "Mediums," originally "Chants Democratic No. 16" in the 1860–1861 edition of Leaves of Grass, later appeared as part of "Passage to India" (1871–1872), and finally in the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves of Grass. "Starting from Paumanok" was published first in the 1860–1861 edition of Leaves of Grass as "Proto-Leaf." The verso is a prose fragment dealing with political independence that contains phrases and ideas similar to those found in Whitman's complete but unpublished essay "The Eighteenth Presidency!"



Whitman Archive Title: Poem of Poets (now) in all lands
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00269
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript with notes for a poem to describe "the poetical sentiments in all lands," of which the connection to Whitman's published work is unknown. This fragment has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Poem (bequeathing to others a charge) what poems are wanted."



Whitman Archive Title: Poem of Sadness
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00274
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Manuscript note probably recording the idea for the 1860 poem "Leaves of Grass 17," which was ultimately titled "I Sit and Look Out." This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[And there a hunter's camp]," "[(written for the voice)]," and "[Poem of "(the Devil]." An image of the verso is not available.



Whitman Archive Title: Poem of Young Men
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00285
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: 1856 or before
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript with ideas for a poem, possibly "Salut Au Monde!" which was first published in 1856 as "Poem of Salutation." This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Companions."



Whitman Archive Title: Poem of the Black Person
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00267
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript with ideas for a poem expressing the "sentiment" of a "sweeping . . . protection of the blacks." It seems that no such poem ever emerged.



Whitman Archive Title: Preface Two Rivulets
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00122
Repository ID: MS 4to 62
Date: about 1876
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 6 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12
Content: Fragment, heavily revised, of the preface to Two Rivulets (1876). Several of the leaves are made of scraps pasted together, and on the reverse of the fourth leaf is a draft fragment of the opening lines of a poem first published in the Galaxy (September 1867) as "A Carol of Harvest, for 1867," which was ultimately titled "The Return of the Heroes," Leaves of Grass (1881–1882).



Whitman Archive Title: Proud Music of the Storm
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00046
Repository ID: MS 4to 23
Date: about 1869
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Correction notes and potential extra lines for the poem "Proud Music of the Storm," first published in The Atlantic Monthly (February 1869) as "Proud Music of the Sea-Storm." Subsequently, the poem was titled "Proud Music of the Storm" in Passage to India (1871), Two Rivulets (1876), and in Leaves of Grass (1881-1882). The verso contains the beginning of a letter on Attorney General's Office stationery.



Whitman Archive Title: Religious Canticles
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00282
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one side are notes regarding a projected group of religious poems and their significance to other Leaves of Grass poems. On the reverse is a partial draft of the 1860 poem "Calamus 9," which was dropped from subsequent editions of Leaves of Grass. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Secrets.—Secreta."



Whitman Archive Title: Rules for Composition
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00130
Repository ID: MS 4to 136
Date: 1850-1855
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: In this manuscript (likely from the early 1850s), Whitman describes his views on style and composition. His discussion about the importance of a lack of "ornament" in literature is similar to lines from the preface to the first (1855) edition of Leaves of Grass. Whitman reworked some of those ideas on ornament and they appear in the poem "Says" in the 1860 edition of Leaves. The poem would later be retitled "Suggestions" and was retained in Leaves until 1872 and thereafter was excluded.



Whitman Archive Title: Secrets.—Secreta
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00283
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Ideas for two poems, one listing "all the things done in secret," and the other involving a "vocabularium" of words and phrases. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Religious Canticles."



Whitman Archive Title: Specimen Days
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00679
Date: about 1880
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: A small scrap on which Whitman has written "Specimen Days" at the top in red ink. The manuscript contains a short note about Giulia Grisi and Giuseppe Mario, two opera singers who Whitman saw in New York in the 1850s, and who Whitman mentions in the section of Specimen Days entitled "Plays and Operas Too." Edward Grier dates the manuscript, based on the paper and ink, to around 1880 (Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts [New York: New York Univeristy Press, 1984] 3:1064). The manuscript is pasted to a backing sheet, making the verso inaccessible.



Whitman Archive Title: Such boundless and affluent souls
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00017
Repository ID: II-7C 201
Date: 1850-1860
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: The second paragraph of this manuscript contains phrases and ideas similar to lines from the poem "Miracles," in particular the phrase "Every hour of the day and night, and every acre of the earth and shore..." The poem was first published in the 1856 edition of Leaves of Grass, where it was titled "Poem of Perfect Miracles." The title was changed to "Miracles" in the 1867 edition of Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: The Body—
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00250
Repository ID: MS 4to 30
Date: 1850–1892
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Manuscript containing ideas for a poem about the body as something more than physical. An image for the verso is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: The Broad-axe
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00893
Repository ID: MS 4to 32
Date: about 1856
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Leaf made from two scraps glued together. The writing on the top scrap appears to be a note about one of Whitman's acquaintances. The bottom scrap contains notes toward "Song of the Broad-Axe," a poem which was first published in Leaves of Grass 1856 as "Broad-Axe Poem" before appearing under its final title in 1867.



Whitman Archive Title: The most Jubilant Triumphant Poem
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00265
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript with ideas for a poem meant to express different forms of "great jubilant glee." The connection between this manuscript and Whitman's published works is unknown. This fragment has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[Poem of a proud]."



Whitman Archive Title: [(Fa)bles, traditions, and]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00261
Repository ID: MS 4to 6
Date: Between 1850 and 1855
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript draft with ideas and language related to what eventually became section 41 of "Song of Myself" and to the untitled fourteenth poem of the 1860 cluster "Debris." "Song of Myself" first appeared, untitled, in Leaves of Grass (1855); it was first titled, "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American," in the 1856 edition, and Whitman shortened the title to "Walt Whitman" in 1860–1861. The final title, "Song of Myself," was not introduced until the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves.The verso contains prose which begins "It is the endless delusion of big and little smouchers" and deals in part with the poor.



Whitman Archive Title: [(Of the great poet)]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00128
Repository ID: MS 4to 69
Date: 1855 or before
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: This manuscript contains notes that anticipate the preface to the first (1855) edition of Leaves of Grass. Lines from the first leaf appeared in a slightly different form in "Poem of The Singers, and of The Words of Poems" in the 1856 edition of Leaves (a poem later titled "Song of the Answerer"). The stated desire for "satisfiers" and "lovers" (found here on the bottom of the second leaf) appears in "Poem of Many in One," also first published in the 1856 edition and later titled "By Blue Ontario's Shore."



Whitman Archive Title: [(written for the voice)]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00272
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript note apparently recording the poet's early idea for the poem first published as "Chants Democratic 20" in 1860, later as "I Hear America Singing." This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[And there a hunter's camp]," "[Poem of "(the Devil]," and "Poem of Sadness."



Whitman Archive Title: [?Gliding]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00022
Repository ID: II-5 17
Date: 1870
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A fragment describing street and interior scenes similar to those in "Outlines for a Tomb." "Outlines for a Tomb" was first published in The Galaxy in January 1870 under the title "Brother of All, with Generous Hand," and finally in 1881 under the title "Outlines for a Tomb."



Whitman Archive Title: [A main part of the greatness]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00152
Repository ID: Box III-6A
Date: about 1857
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Handwritten notes about the ceaseless progression of humanity, most likely written in 1857. The scrap contains notes written in prose, with two poetic lines about the same subject written at the bottom of the page. The connection of these lines to any of Whitman's published poetry is unknown. An image of the verso is not available.



Whitman Archive Title: [A man of gigantic]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00293
Repository ID: MS 4to 32
Date: 1855–1892
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one side is a prose fragment contemplating the combination in one man of power and compassion. The ideas and some of the phrases appear to be related to lines from the opening poem of the 1855 Leaves of Grass—what would later become section 24 of "Song of Myself." The poem was first titled, "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American," in the 1856 edition, and Whitman shortened the title to "Walt Whitman" in 1860–1861. The final title, "Song of Myself," was not introduced until the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves. On the reverse is another prose fragment dealing with the importance of independent thinking amid social forces of law and custom.



Whitman Archive Title: [A poem in which is]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00299
Repository ID: MS 4to 33
Date: 1856 or before
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes for a poem about "a first-rate healthy Human Body," possibly related to "I Sing the Body Electric," which was first published as the fifth poem of the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass and substantially revised (as "Poem of the Body") in 1856.



Whitman Archive Title: [A poem theme]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00707
Repository ID: Box II-5B 102
Date: 1850-1860
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten, print
View images: 1
Content: A green scrap of paper with a brief note about a potential theme for a poem: "Be happy." Below the note is pasted a newspaper clipping with a story attributed to Aristotle. There is no known connection between the note or the clipping to Whitman's published poetry or prose. An image of the verso is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: [A poem which more]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00280
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: 1845–1892
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript note for a poem addressing Whitman's future readers. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[Poem of the Husband]."



Whitman Archive Title: [Africa Cape of Good Hope]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00686
Repository ID: Box II-5B 103
Date: 1855-1856
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: Grouped with a collection of notes about Africa and Asia, these two leaves contain notes about geographic locations and features, mostly in Africa. Many of the place names are included in the 1856 poem "Poem of Salutation," later retitled "Salut Au Monde!" At least two longer lines from the manuscript also find their way into that poem: "fresh-sunned Mediterranean, and from one to another of its islands" (becoming "clear-sunned" in the poem) and "black venerable vast mother, the Nile."



Whitman Archive Title: [All that we are]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00023
Repository ID: II-5 21
Date: undated
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft of fifteen lines of poetry, first published only after Whitman's death in Notes and Fragments (1899). The last three lines on this manuscript leaf appear in another version in a long manuscript, "Pictures," which probably dates to before 1855 and is held at the Beinecke Library, Yale.



Whitman Archive Title: [And I have discovered them by night and by]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00006
Repository ID: MS 4to 1
Date: between 1850 and 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The draft lines on one side of the manuscript leaf contributed to the opening poem of the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass. In the poem's final version, "Song of Myself," these lines are found in section 48. The poem was first titled, "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American," in the 1856 edition, and Whitman shortened the title to "Walt Whitman" in 1860–1861. The final title was not introduced until the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves. It is not known whether the prose on the leaf's reverse is related to any of Whitman's published work; however, physical and thematic similarities with "[And I have discovered them by night and by]," above, and "[My tongue can never be content with harness]," below, make a connection with the 1860 poem "Unnamed Lands" likely.



Whitman Archive Title: [And now I care not to]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00031
Repository ID: MS 4to 195
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript is an early draft of a portion of the poem that became "In Paths Untrodden," which was published first in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass. The verso contains a list of thirteen suggestions for titles or groups of poems, including "The States," "Prairies," "Prairie Spaces" and "Prairie Babes." "In Paths Untrodden" opens the "Calamus" group in all editions of Leaves of Grass, taking the title in 1867.



Whitman Archive Title: [And there a hunter's camp]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00271
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one side are two lines, heavily corrected, from a draft of the poem first published in 1860 as "Chants Democratic 4" and eventually titled "Our Old Feuillage." On the other side are two lightly corrected lines with an uncertain connection to Whitman's published poetry. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[(written for the voice)]," "[Poem of "(the Devil]," and "Poem of Sadness."



Whitman Archive Title: [And there, farther south]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00275
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: 1855–1892
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Fragment describing a "negro at daylight" giving "the Carolina yell," possibly related to the poem first published in 1856 as "Poem of Salutation" and later titled "Salut Au Monde!" This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "The Scout," "Drops of my Blood," and "[In a poem make the thought]."



Whitman Archive Title: [And when once they went far enough to see]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00003
Repository ID: MS 4to 1
Date: between 1850 and 1860
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: On one side of these manuscript leaves are drafts of lines for the opening poem of the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass, ultimately titled "Song of Myself," sections six and seven. The poem was first titled, "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American," in the 1856 edition, and Whitman shortened the title to "Walt Whitman" in 1860–1861. The final title, "Song of Myself," was not introduced until the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves. On the reverse are fragments of an unpublished prose piece that appears to represent an early draft of "Unnamed Lands," a poem published first in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass. The material on the second leaf shares with that poem not only a close thematic similarity but also several of the same phrases.



Whitman Archive Title: [Breath and Spray]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00306
Repository ID: MS 4to 33
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: List of what appear to be possible titles for volumes or clusters of poems.



Whitman Archive Title: [Chronological]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00066
Date: 1850-1855
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, with 2 pasted-on attachments, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript that consists of a backing sheet with two smaller manuscripts scraps pasted on. On both the rectos of the paste-ons and on the backing sheet, Whitman discusses the conception of time beginning in "the Christian era." The verso of the bottom paste-on contains prose lines which appear to be related to what became section 2 of the poem ultimately titled "I Sing the Body Electric," first published untitled in the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass. It appeared revised as "Poem of the Body" in the 1856 Leaves, before it appeared in its present nine-section version, as "I Sing the Body Electric," in the 1867 edition. The scrap describes firemen "returning slowly home" from a fire, an image which suggests the description of "the march of firemen" and "the slow return from the fire" in "I Sing the Body Electric." This suggests that the lines were written not later than 1855.



Whitman Archive Title: [Goethe]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00178
Repository ID: MS q 80
Date: 1856
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: Notes that Whitman made about Goethe. Unlike many of Whitman's other notes about authors, these notes seem to be based at least in part on his own observations rather than on secondary criticism. Some of the ideas contained in the scrap (particularly the final portion of the second leaf) found their way into Whitman's essay "American National Literature," which appeared in the North American Review in March 1891, under the title "Have We a National Literature?" It was later reprinted in Good-Bye My Fancy (1891), under the title "American National Literature" before finally appearing in Complete Prose Works (1892). Although the essay was not published until later, Edward Grier suggests that the manuscript dates from late 1856 (Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts [New York: New York Univeristy Press, 1984] 5:1827). Pasted on the verso of the first page is a clipping from an article entitled "The True Character of Goethe."



Whitman Archive Title: [Great are the myths]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00259
Repository ID: MS 4to 10
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript has a partially cancelled draft of the first lines of "Great Are the Myths." The poem "Great Are the Myths" was published first, untitled, in the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass as the concluding poem, and again in the 1856 edition as "Poem of a Few Greatnesses." The poem went through many revisions through the different editions of Leaves of Grass, then was permanently dropped in 1881–1882, except the two couplets that became the poem "Youth, Day, Old Age, and Night." The verso of the manuscript has cancelled prose beginning "The true friends of the Sabbath."



Whitman Archive Title: [Health does not tell]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00789
Date: Before or during 1856
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: A scrap of prose that contains a line that would appear in a poem in the 1856 and 1860–1861 editions of Leaves of Grass. The line, "Which is the poem or any book that is not diseased?," appeared in a slightly altered form in "Poem of Many in One" in 1856 and in Section 1 of "Chants Democratic and Native American" in 1860–1861. Although the poem would remain in Leaves in various forms until the final edition, the line was dropped after 1860–1861. An image of the verso is not available.



Whitman Archive Title: [How gladly we leave]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00296
Repository ID: MS 4to 32
Date: Before or early in 1855
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Prose fragment that characterizes social interactions with the "learned and refined" as stifling in comparison with experiences shared with "real men and women." Relationships between this manuscript and Whitman's published poetry or prose, if they exist, have not been determined.



Whitman Archive Title: [I am not content now]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00026
Repository ID: II-7 200
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Manuscript of two lines unpublished in Whitman's lifetime. An image of the verso is not available.



Whitman Archive Title: [I am that halfgrown angry boy]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00027
Repository ID: MS 4to 25
Date: before 1855
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Poetry manuscript left unpublished by Whitman, containing ideas potentially connected with the unpublished short story "[Of a summer evening]." On the verso is a fragment of an essay regarding municipal legislation.



Whitman Archive Title: [I know as well as you that Bibles are divine revelation]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00051
Repository ID: MS 4to 5
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript draft treating ideas about divine revelation related to section 41 in the final version of "Song of Myself," which first appeared, untitled, in Leaves of Grass (1855); it was first titled, "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American," in the 1856 edition, and Whitman shortened the title to "Walt Whitman" in 1860–1861. The final title was not introduced until the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves. The verso contains notes about the character and physical traits of several different men: Bill Guess, Peter, and George Fitch, dated March 20th '54.



Whitman Archive Title: [I see who you are]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00263
Repository ID: MS 4to 8
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Lines, cancelled with a vertical strike, expressing ideas modified considerably before use in the third poem of the 1855 Leaves of Grass, later titled "A Song for Occupations." On the verso is one heavily corrected line whose relationship to the recto material or to any other published poem is uncertain.



Whitman Archive Title: [In a poem make the thought]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00278
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Note for a poem to address the question "What will be the result of this years hence?" Possibly related to the poem "Recorders Ages Hence," first published in Leaves of Grass (1860) as "Calamus 10," and taking its final title in 1867. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[And there, farther south]," "The Scout," and "Drops of my Blood."



Whitman Archive Title: [In metaphysical points]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00159
Repository ID: MS 67
Date: 1855 or before
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript about the roles of science and "the soul" in the apprehension of truth. The fragmentary paragraph at the bottom of the leaf seems to be the germ of certain lines of what eventually became "Song of Myself," section 23, first published untitled in Leaves of Grass (1855) The poem was first titled, "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American," in the 1856 edition, and Whitman shortened the title to "Walt Whitman" in 1860–1861. The final title, "Song of Myself," was not introduced until the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: [It seems to me]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00302
Repository ID: MS 4to 33
Date: 1855 or before
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Note apparently recording Whitman's intent to eschew "ornament" in his writing, possibly related to a similar passage in the prose preface to the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[What shall the great poet be then?]," "[The most superb beauties]," and "[Make no quotations]."



Whitman Archive Title: [It were unworthy a live man to pray]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00162
Repository ID: MS q 203
Date: 1850-1855
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: An early scrap of prose material similar to parts of "Song of Myself," which first appeared untitled in Leaves of Grass (1855). The poem was first titled, "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American," in the 1856 edition, and Whitman shortened the title to "Walt Whitman" in 1860–1861. The final title, "Song of Myself," was not introduced until the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves. The manuscript's final three lines contributed to what became section 32, in which Whitman describes wanting to "live awhile with animals" because "[t]hey do not sweat and whine about their condition, / They do not lie awake in the dark and weep for their sins." These lines were present in the first version of the poem in 1855, suggesting a date of before or early in that year. An image of the verso is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: [Light and air!]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00260
Repository ID: MS 4to 4
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript draft of ideas related to section 31 in the final version of "Song of Myself," which first appeared, untitled, in Leaves of Grass (1855); it was first titled, "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American," in the 1856 edition, and Whitman shortened the title to "Walt Whitman" in 1860–1861. The final title, "Song of Myself," was not introduced until the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: [Make no quotations]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00305
Repository ID: MS 4to 33
Date: 1855 or before
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes, or possibly trial lines, articulating various beliefs about how to write. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[It seems to me]," "[What shall the great poet be then?]," and "[The most superb beauties]."



Whitman Archive Title: [Mother's family lived]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00205
Repository ID: MS f 128
Date: 1850
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript containing autobiographical notes about Whitman's family history. Although Whitman never published any of these notes in his lifetime, they were used, in some cases word for word, in the biographical introduction to the multi-volume The Complete Writings of Walt Whitman, edited by Whitman's three literary executors and published in 1902. Horace Traubel, Richard Maurice Bucke, and Thomas Harned are listed as the authors of the introduction. Large portions of the recto are used nearly verbatim, but only certain phrases from the verso. The finding aid from the repository lists the date of this manuscript as 1850.



Whitman Archive Title: [My Spirit sped back to the]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00262
Repository ID: MS 4to 7
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript draft related in general to ideas expressed in "Song of Myself," which first appeared, untitled, in Leaves of Grass (1855); it was first titled, "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American," in the 1856 edition, and Whitman shortened the title to "Walt Whitman" in 1860–1861. The final title, "Song of Myself," was not introduced until the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves. The verso contains one cancelled line: "Not one of the heroic guests."



Whitman Archive Title: [My tongue can never be content with harness]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00008
Repository ID: MS 4to 1
Date: between 1850 and 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one side of the manuscript leaf are draft poetic lines with an unknown relation to Whitman's published work. However, physical and thematic similarities with "[And when once they went far enough to see]" and "[And I have discovered them by night and by]," above, suggest that the lines were possibly drafted for the 1855 poem that eventually became "Song of Myself." These similarities also suggest that the prose on the leaf's reverse is likely related to "Unnamed Lands," first published in Leaves of Grass (1860).



Whitman Archive Title: [O Mother, did you think]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00034
Repository ID: MS 4to 13
Date: about 1856
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 4 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8
Content: On four leaves, an early version of portions of the poem ultimately titled "This Compost," first printed under the title "Poem of Wonder at The Ressurection of The Wheat" in the 1856 edition of Leaves of Grass. On the reverse sides of these leaves is a list of words regarding the physical body and connected in concept to "I Sing the Body Electric," a poem that first appeared as the fourth poem of the 1855 Leaves of Grass. With this list, Whitman was gathering material for the noteworthy final section, a paean to body parts, that he added to the poem in 1856. Glue residue shows that these leaves were formerly pasted to two other leaves, upon which is written a prose manuscript fragment regarding California Vigilance Committees.



Whitman Archive Title: [On the other side]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00241
Repository ID: MS q 206
Date: 1855-1858
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A partial draft of what appears to be a self-review of Leaves of Grass. Whitman published numerous anonymous self-reviews throughout his life, and this scrap contains language similar to several extant reviews, in which Whitman references his own "barbaric yawp" and makes a clear distinction between that which is new and powerful (represented by his own poetry) from that which is old and stilted (previous poetic traditions). The time and location of publication is unknown, but Edward Grier notes that the Collins steamship line, which Whitman references, ceased operating in 1858, suggesting that this is likely a review for the 1855 or 1856 edition of Leaves (Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts [New York: New York University Press, 1984] 1:336).



Whitman Archive Title: [Outdoors is the best]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00297
Repository ID: MS 4to 32
Date: Before or early in 1855
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Prose fragment extolling the excellence of outdoor living. It is not known whether this manuscript is related to any of Whitman's published work.



Whitman Archive Title: [Perfect serenity of mind]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00044
Repository ID: MS 4to 194
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A fragment of several lines, apparently written before publication of the first edition of Leaves of Grass in 1855. One of the lines was included in the 1860 "Poem of Joys," which was later entitled "A Song of Joys."



Whitman Archive Title: [Poem (subject)]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00047
Repository ID: MS 18
Date: about 1873
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: Notes for a poem about calls used in various occupations and, on the reverse of the second leaf, an early draft of a portion of "Song of the Redwood-Tree," a poem first published in the February 1874 issue of Harper's Magazine and reprinted in the "Centennial Songs" section of Two Rivulets (1876). Verso images are not available for the first and third leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: [Poem among the Siamese]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00050
Repository ID: MS 158
Date: 1854-1856
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten, print
View images: 1
Content: A leaf of paper with several clippings pasted to it, as well as handwritten comments by Whitman. The clippings deal with Siamese proverbs and poems, as well as "the absurd chronology of the Hindoos." Whitman's handwritten comment at the top of page indicates that he may have been considering a poem entitled "Poem among the Siamese". At the bottom of the page is a chunk of text which may be a draft poetic line or else notes about possible elements to include in the poem. An image of the verso is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: [Poem ante-dating]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00288
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript idea for a poem that would prophesy the "great results" to be had "a hundred years hence." This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "An After Thought or Two" and "[Poem, as in a rapt and]."



Whitman Archive Title: [Poem of "(the Devil]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00273
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: 1865 or before
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This note for a poem about the devil is possibly related to the poem "Chanting the Square Deific," which was first published in 1865. The scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[And there a hunter's camp]," "[(written for the voice)]," and "Poem of Sadness."



Whitman Archive Title: [Poem of Fruits & Flowers]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00255
Repository ID: MS 4to 30
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Ideas for three different poems about various topics. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[Poem of Wisconsin]." An image of the verso is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: [Poem of Wisconsin]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00308
Repository ID: MS 4to 30
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: List of ideas for poems, mostly about various states, including an allusion to a possible "Western Edition." This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[Poem of Fruits & Flowers]," and an image of the verso is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: [Poem of a proud]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00266
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: before 1861
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Manuscript with ideas for a poem of "joyous expression" about Manhattan, of which the connection to Whitman's published work is unknown. This fragment has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "The most Jubilant Triumphant Poem." An image of the verso is not available.



Whitman Archive Title: [Poem of the Husband]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00281
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: List of ideas for poems about "the husband," "the wife," and "marriage." This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[A poem which more]."



Whitman Archive Title: [Poem, as in a rapt and]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00287
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: before 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript proposing ideas for a poem in the form of a prophetic vision about the future of America. Possibly related to "As I Walk These Broad Majestic Days," which was first published as "Chants Democratic 21" in 1860–1861. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "An After Thought or Two," and "[Poem ante-dating]."



Whitman Archive Title: [Poemet]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00307
Repository ID: MS 4to 33
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Lists of synonyms for "poem."



Whitman Archive Title: [Poems identifying the different branches of the sciences]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00072
Repository ID: MS 4to 30
Date: about 1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: List of ideas for poems about astronomy, geology, chemistry, mathematics, and music. An image of the verso is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: [Produce great persons and the producers]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00166
Repository ID: MS 51
Date: 1856
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten, print
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
Content: Manuscript and clipping. On one side of the manuscript leaf (see the first image linked above) are several prose notes, including two versions of a paragraph that was later revised to become a line in "Poem of Many In One," published in Leaves of Grass (1856), and eventually titled "By Blue Ontario's Shore." The phrase "savage and luxuriant," which appears toward the bottom of this side, was used in Whitman's open letter to Emerson, published in an appendix to the 1856 edition of Leaves of Grass. On the other side of the leaf is a partial draft of "Poem of The Singers, and of the Words of Poems," also first published in 1856. In the final edition of Leaves of Grass this and another poem, which had been included in every edition since 1855, were combined to form "Song of the Answerer." Whitman pasted at least two newspaper clippings on the manuscript, one on each side. However, markings on both sides of the leaf indicate that Whitman potentially pasted a third, unidentified, newspaper clipping on this manuscript. One of these, which had covered Whitman's paragraphs but has since been detached, is included in the file; another is still pasted to the manuscript.



Whitman Archive Title: [Proem]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00020
Repository ID: MS 12mo 15
Date: about 1856
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: These notes on sights in Manhattan and the themes of personality, egotism, and the equality of women may have contributed to what ultimately became "Starting from Paumanok," Section 12. The poem first appeared in the 1860 edition as "Proto-Leaf."



Whitman Archive Title: [Remember in Scientific]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00300
Repository ID: MS 4to 33
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Two reminders about general principles Whitman had decided upon for future poems. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[a volume]."



Whitman Archive Title: [Remember that the clock]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00298
Repository ID: MS 4to 32
Date: 1850-1855
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Prose manuscript regarding concepts of time. It is not known to be related to any published work.



Whitman Archive Title: [Remembrances I plant American ground with]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00029
Repository ID: MS 4to 27
Date: Between 1850 and 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript containing ideas which appear frequently in Leaves of Grass. On the verso is a list of rivers, lakes, and cities.



Whitman Archive Title: [Russian serfs]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00685
Repository ID: Box II-5B 103
Date: 1855-1856
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Grouped with a collection of notes about Africa and Asia, this fragment notes that Russia "has 40 million of serfs, (or slaves)." With the paper suggesting a date of 1855 or 1856, this scrap may have been the impetus for Whitman's inclusion of "You Russian serf!" in his catalog of downtrodden peoples in "Poem of Salutation" in 1856; the poem would later be entitled "Salut Au Monde!" The reference to the "Russian serf" was dropped from the poem after the 1860 edition.



Whitman Archive Title: [Scantlings]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00061
Repository ID: MS 4to 202
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript containing ideas about a race of scantlings, a product of "the strong growth of America." Written on a scrap of the paper cover stock used for some late copies of the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass; however, the connection of this manuscript to Whitman's published work is unknown.



Whitman Archive Title: [Song]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00257
Repository ID: MS 4to 30
Date: 1850–1892
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript scrap with ideas for a poem or poems about democracy, the future, women, young men, and the joy of life. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[The carpenter's and]."



Whitman Archive Title: [Struggling steadily to the front]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00129
Repository ID: MS 4to 50
Date: about 1875
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: Heavily revised draft of the prefatory note for "Song of the Exposition," as it appeared in the 1876 volume Two Rivulets. Earlier and later publications of the poem did not include this prose introduction.



Whitman Archive Title: [The American people ever]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00035
Repository ID: MS 13
Date: 1856
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: A manuscript about the California Vigilance Committee of the early and mid-1850s, these scraps contain lanuage similar to that found in Whitman's complete but unpublished essay "The Eighteenth Presidency!" The manuscript alludes to two of the candidates in the 1856 U.S. Presidential election, James Buchanan and Millard Fillmore, who Whitman refers to as "two old traitors," echoing a description of them as "two galvanized old men" in "The Eighteenth Presidency!".



Whitman Archive Title: [The Great Laws do not treasure chips]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00264
Repository ID: MS 4to 9
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains lines which, after revision, appeared in the eleventh poem in the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass, later titled "Who Learns My Lesson Complete?" On the verso are cancelled lines, beginning "hands are cut," which later appeared, in a revised form, in "Faces," which was originally published as the sixth untitled poem of the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass.



Whitman Archive Title: [The Nibelungen]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00188
Repository ID:
Date: 1855-1865
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The term "Nibelungen" appears in a poem first published in the New York Truth, March 19, 1891 entitled "Old Chants." The poem is one of the thiry-one poems included in "Second Annex--Good-Bye My Fancy," 1891–1892.



Whitman Archive Title: [The Old World]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00142
Repository ID: MS f 37
Date: 1890
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A partial draft of Whitman's essay "Shakespeare for America," which was first published in the magazine Poet-Lore on September 15, 1890. The piece would later be reprinted in the Critic (titled "Shakspere for America") on September 27, 1890, and then included in Whitman's Good-Bye My Fancy in 1891 and Complete Prose Works in 1892. On the verso is a letter from John W. Cook, dated 9 February 1890.



Whitman Archive Title: [The carpenter's and]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00256
Repository ID: MS 4to 30
Date: between 1850 and 1860
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Manuscript containing ideas for a poem about architecture, carpentry, and masonry. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[Song]. An image of the verso is not available."



Whitman Archive Title: [The mob, the trial of Warren Hastings]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00141
Repository ID: MS q 36
Date: 1870-1888
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript with heavily-edited draft lines from Whitman's essay "Notes (such as they are) founded on Elias Hicks," which first appeared in November Boughs in 1888. The essay was also included in Complete Prose Works in 1892. Hicks (1748-1830) was a Quaker preacher and abolitionist who Whitman greatly admired.



Whitman Archive Title: [The most superb beauties]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00304
Repository ID: MS 4to 33
Date: 1855 or before
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes, or possibly trial lines, expressing the idea that the highest beauty is found in what is "cheapest" and "commonest," possibly connected to a passage in section 14 of "Song of Myself," first published untitled in Leaves of Grass (1855) The poem was first titled, "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American," in the 1856 edition, and Whitman shortened the title to "Walt Whitman" in 1860–1861. The final title, "Song of Myself," was not introduced until the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves.. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[It seems to me]," "[What shall the great poet be then?]," and "[Make no quotations]."



Whitman Archive Title: [The name of this]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00127
Repository ID: MS 4to 63
Date: between 1884 and 1888
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 5 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9
Content: Four leaves that constitute a draft, unpublished in Whitman's lifetime, apparently of a preface to a projected volume. Also included is a note, in an unknown hand, quoting Richard Maurice Bucke's note from the posthumous publication "Notes and Fragments" (1899). An image for the verso of this note is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: [Theme for piece]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00045
Repository ID: MS 4to 22
Date: about 1869
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: An outline for a poem on various types of music, potentially related to "Proud Music of the Storm" and/or "The Mystic Trumpeter." The poem "The Mystic Trumpeter" was first published in The Kansas Magazine of February 1872. "Proud Music of the Storm" was first published in the Atlantic Monthly in February 1869. The verso contains cancelled notes about a stanza to describe a triumphal instrumental and vocal chorus corresponding to that of man triumphing over temptation and weakness.



Whitman Archive Title: [Theory of a Cluster of Poems]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00279
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Note suggesting a cluster of poems about "the passion of Woman-Love," along with a few trial lines, all apparently related to the 1860 cluster "Enfans d'Adam" (retitled "Children of Adam" in 1876).



Whitman Archive Title: [There is no word in any tongue]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00018
Repository ID: Trent II-7, 201
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: A manuscript draft of ideas about God and man related to what eventually became sections 48-49 of the final version of "Song of Myself," which first appeared, untitled, in Leaves of Grass (1855); it was first titled, "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American," in the 1856 edition, and Whitman shortened the title to "Walt Whitman" in 1860–1861. The final title, "Song of Myself," was not introduced until the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves. This manuscript has been mounted and framed with a prose fragment, dealing with the soul and nature, and a photograph of Whitman. An image of the verso is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: [There is that]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00809
Date: 1860-1870
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
Images: currently unavailable
Content: A small scrap of prose that would make its way into a footnote for "Carlyle From American Points of View," which was first printed in Specimen Days (1882-1883). Although Edward Grier states that the handwriting on the scrap indicates a date in the 1860s, the essay was not published until its inclusion in Specimen Days.



Whitman Archive Title: [This is the Earth's word]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00019
Repository ID: MS 4to 193
Date: about 1856
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A note possibly related to the poem "A Song for Rolling Earth," first published in Leaves of Grass 1856. A portrait of Whitman accompanies this manuscript in the Trent Collection, however, an image of this portrait is not included in this finding aid.



Whitman Archive Title: [Though so loving]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00183
Repository ID: MS q 99
Date: 1870-1881
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript fragment comparing an unnamed poet (the repository finding aid suggests that it is Tennyson) to Walter Scott. It also contains a parenthetical description of Thomas Jefferson's assessment of Scott, a description which is echoed in Whitman's essay "The Poetry of the Future," which was first published in the North American Review in February 1881. The essay would later be revised, reprinted, and retitled "Poetry To-day in America—Shakspere—The Future" in Specimen Days (1882) and Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: [Thought]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00062
Repository ID: MS 4to 28
Date: about 1856
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript left unpublished by Whitman containing draft ideas for a poem. Written on a sheet from the 1856 edition of Leaves of Grass.



Whitman Archive Title: [Thought]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00163
Repository ID: MS 68
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: What appear to be draft opening lines for a poem, not known to have been published in Whitman's lifetime.



Whitman Archive Title: [To be at all]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00001
Repository ID: MS 4to 2
Date: before 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one side are draft lines for what became section 27 of "Song of Myself," which was first published as the opening poem in the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass. In 1897, after Whitman's death, a poem entitled "To Be at All," based on this manuscript, was published in "Old Age Echoes." On the reverse side are notes, trial lines, and lists of words and phrases related to what eventually became sections 24 and 49 of "Song of Myself" and to the poem "In Paths Untrodden," first published in 1860 as the opening poem of the "Calamus" cluster.



Whitman Archive Title: [To the English]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00254
Repository ID: MS 4to 30
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Ideas for a poem about various nationalities and ethnicities, suggestive of "Salut au Monde!" which was first published as "Poem of Salutation" in 1856. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "—[Poem of Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois]," and no verso image is available.



Whitman Archive Title: [What shall the great poet be then?]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00303
Repository ID: MS 4to 33
Date: 1855 or before
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Note about "the great poet," possibly connected to a passage (denouncing the "swarms of the polished deprecating" poets) in the prose preface to the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[It seems to me]," "[The most superb beauties]," and "[Make no quotations]."



Whitman Archive Title: [What we call literature]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00295
Repository ID: MS 4to 32
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Prose manuscript expressing the belief that human existence possesses a grandeur that surpasses artistic accomplishments. It is unclear whether this manuscript is related to Whitman's published poetry or prose.



Whitman Archive Title: [Whole Poem]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00252
Repository ID: MS 4to 30
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Manuscript containing ideas for a poem about insects. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Poem of Language." An image of the verso is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: [You lusty and graceflu youth!]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00032
Repository ID: MS 4to 11
Date: between 1850 and 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: An early version of a part of "Great Are the Myths," a poem published first, untitled, in the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass as the concluding poem, and again in the 1856 edition as "Poem of a Few Greatnesses." The poem went through many revisions through the different editions of Leaves of Grass. then was permanently dropped in 1881–1882, except the two couplets that became the poem "Youth, Day, Old Age, and Night." On the verso is partially cancelled verse beginning "Are the prostitutes nothing?" which is a draft of lines from the third poem in the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass, ultimately called "To Think of Time."



Whitman Archive Title: [a nation announcing itself]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00030
Repository ID: MS 4to 14
Date: about 1856
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript draft of the opening passage of "Poem of Many in One," Leaves of Grass (1856). The final title of the poem, "By Blue Ontario's Shore," first appeared in the 1881/1882 edition of Leaves. On the verso is both prose and verse beginning "Asia" that appears to be a draft of "Salut Au Monde!," a poem first published as "Poem of Salutation" in the 1856 edition of Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: [a volume]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00301
Repository ID: MS 4to 33
Date: before 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Note suggesting a piece of writing to span "the whole range of recorded time," possibly related to "With Antecedents," which was first published in the New-York Saturday Press (1860) as "You and Me and To-day." The poem was revised as "Chants Democratic. 7" in Leaves of Grass (1860–1861) and took its final title, "With Antecedents," in the 1867 Leaves. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[Remember in Scientific]."



Whitman Archive Title: [for tramp & strike]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00779
Repository ID: II-7B 190
Date: 1879-1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: A manuscript scrap related to Whitman's undelivered lecture "The Tramp and Strike Question," which was written in 1879 but not published until it was included in Specimen Days in 1882. Although this scrap contains thoughts and ideas similar to those found in the essay, these lines do not appear to have made it into the final version of the piece. An image of the verso is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: [is rougher than it was]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00786
Repository ID: MS f 129
Date: 1848
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript page containing notes from Whitman's trip to New Orleans in 1848. This portion of the notes describes the trip across the Great Lakes and into Buffalo and Albany, New York. The notes would later be used as the basis for an article entitled "New Orleans in 1848" that appeared in the New Orleans Picayune on January 25, 1887. It would later be reprinted in November Boughs. On the verso are manuscript notes about Whitman's family history, likely written in the mid-1850s.



Whitman Archive Title: [myself to celebrate]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00787
Date: 1850-1855
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript containing lines included in the poem ultimately titled "Song of Myself," including the poem's famous opening, "I celebrate myself." "Song of Myself" first appeared untitled in Leaves of Grass (1855). The poem was first titled, "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American," in the 1856 Leaves, and Whitman shortened the title to "Walt Whitman" in 1860–1861. The final title, "Song of Myself," was not introduced until the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves. On the verso is a prose manuscript with an unknown connection to Whitman's published work, in which he compares and contrasts writing to the composition of a "grand opera." In the repository, this manuscript is bound, seemingly by a collector, with a printer's copy of the 1881-82 edition of Leaves of Grass that contains numerous handwritten corrections by Whitman.



Whitman Archive Title: [never to be forgotten in lectures]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00795
Repository ID: MS 12mo 61
Date: 1855-1860
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A scrap of poetry with lines that contributed both to the poem ultimately titled "Thoughts [Of these years I sing...]" and to "Apostroph," the opening section of "Chants Democratic and Native American." Both poems first appeared in the 1860–1861 edition of Leaves of Grass. The verso contains prose about America's need for "her own poems."



Whitman Archive Title: [of Death—the song]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00292
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: 1845–1892
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Idea for a poem about death, immortality, and "ensemble." It is unclear whether and how this manuscript is related to Whitman's published poetry. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Poem L'Envoy," "Banjo Poem," and "Poem [?The Cruise]."



Whitman Archive Title: [poet of Materialism]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00104
Repository ID: MS 4to 44
Date: 1855 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript expressing a belief in the continuing "amelioration" of the earth and humankind, written on a scrap of wallpaper. Although it is cast in prose, this is probably an early draft of a group of lines, expressing similar thoughts, in "Great Are the Myths," which was first published as the final, untitled, poem of the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass.



Whitman Archive Title: [recommendation to the young]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00794
Repository ID: MS 12mo 15
Date: 1856
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A prose fragment dealing with political independence that contains phrases and ideas similar to those found in Whitman's complete but unpublished essay "The Eighteenth Presidency!" The essay was subtitled "Voice of Walt Whitman to each Young Man in the Naton, North, South, East, and West," a line which is echoed in this manuscript. The verso contains notes for poetry, including phrases which appear in section 6 of the final version of"Starting from Paumanok," first published as "Proto-Leaf" in the 1860–1861 Leaves of Grass, and in "Mediums," first published in the 1867 Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: [the RR we go on]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00242
Repository ID: MS q 111
Date: 1879
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 8 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16
Content: Pages of notes from Whitman's western railroad journey in September 1879. The pages describe his travels through Missouri and Kansas, and large portions of the notes would find their way into Specimen Days (specifically, the sections entitled "Missouri State," "Lawrence and Topeka, Kansas," "Art Features," and "A Silent Little Follower—The Coreopsis").



Whitman Archive Title: [wooding at night]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00790
Repository ID: MS q 111
Date: 1848
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3
Content: Manuscript that deals with Whitman's return journey from New Orleans in 1848. Brief portions of these notes would find their way into an article entitled "New Orleans in 1848" that appeared in the New Orleans Picayune on January 25, 1887. It would later be reprinted in November Boughs. The description of the "[l]ong monotonous stretch of the Mississippi" and the "[p]ainful effect of the excessive flatness of the country" were the portions that appeared, in an altered form, in the article.



Whitman Archive Title: for Dem Vistas
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00126
Repository ID: MS 12mo 58
Date: 1867-1870
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: Although this manuscript is titled as a potential introduction or preface to Democratic Vistas or Memoranda during the War it never appeared in that format in either work. However, the thoughts it contains were echoed in an article that appeared in the St. Louis Dispatch on October 17, 1879. The article contained an interview with Whitman, in which he voiced ideas similar to those in the manuscript. A portion of the Dispatch piece would later be reprinted as "An Interviewer's Item" in Specimen Days and Complete Prose Works.



Whitman Archive Title: it is no miracle now that
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00007
Repository ID: MS 4to 3
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript draft of ideas about touch related to sections 28-30 in the final version of "Song of Myself." The verso contains prose writing related to ideas expressed in Leaves of Grass; the second paragraph contains lines which would appear in a slightly altered form in what became section 4 of "Song of Myself" (see "After all is said and done"). "Song of Myself" first appeared, untitled, in Leaves of Grass (1855); it was first titled, "Poem of Walt Whitman, an American," in the 1856 edition, and Whitman shortened the title to "Walt Whitman" in 1860–1861. The final title, "Song of Myself," was not introduced until the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: pref to Dem Vistas
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00791
Repository ID: MS 12mo 58
Date: 1867-1870
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: A manuscript at the top of which Whitman has written "pref to Dem Vistas." However, the manuscript's connection to any published work is unknown.



Whitman Archive Title: —[Poem of Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00253
Repository ID: MS 4to 30
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: List of ideas for poems, mostly about various states. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[To the English]." An image of the verso is unavailable.




Access Restrictions: Collection is open for research. All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. Consequently, there may be a 24-hour delay in obtaining these materials. Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library to use this collection.

Use Restrictions: The Copyright Interests in this collection have not been transferred to Duke University. For more information, consult the copyright section of the Regulations and Procedures of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library.

Preferred Citation:  [Identification of item], Trent Collection of Whitmaniana, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.


Repository Contact Information:

David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Duke University
411 Chapel Drive
Box 90185
Durham, North Carolina 27708-0185


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