Title: New York Aurora
Creator: Susan Belasco
Publication information: Written for the Walt Whitman Archive. First published on the Archive in 2008.
Whitman Archive ID: per.00181
Contributors to digital file: Elizabeth Lorang and Susan Belasco
In February 1842, Whitman began writing brief articles for the New York Aurora, established in November 1841 as an "American newspaper that would concentrate on American writers and American news in contrast to what the editors saw as an undue preoccupation with European writers and news in most of the New York City newspapers. The Aurora was a daily of four pages, which sold for two cents a copy, and was initially edited by Thomas Low Nichols, a social reformer and journalist. When Nichols left the paper in February 1842, Whitman was named the editor by the publishers, who announced on March 28, 1842 that they had "secured the services of MR. WALTER WHITMAN, favorably known as a bold, energetic and original writer, as their leading editor. Whitman wrote a variety of articles for the paper on education, politics, and current events, including a brief review of Ralph Waldo Emersons lecture "Nature and the Powers of the Poet that he attended on March 5, 1842. Although Whitman did not meet Emerson at that lecture, Emersons impact on his career as a poet is widely regarded as crucial. In his review, Whitman wrote that "the business of the poet is expression—the giving utterance to the emotions and sentiments of the soul. Whitman published two poems in the Aurora but left his position as editor by late April, following disagreements with the publishers over their efforts to shape his editorials.
Belasco, Susan, "Leaves of Grass and the Poetry Marketplace of Antebellum America," Leaves of Grass: The Sesquicentennial Essays, ed. Susan Belasco and Elizabeth Lorang (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2007).
Walt Whitman, Leaves of Grass: Comprehensive Reader's Edition, ed. Harold W. Blodgett and Sculley Bradley (New York: New York University Press, 1965).
Ezra Greenspan, Walt Whitman and the American Reader (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990).
Jerome Loving, Walt Whitman: The Song of Himself (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999).
Joel Myerson, Walt Whitman: A Descriptive Bibliography (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993).
Dennis K. Renner, "New York Aurora," Walt Whitman: An Encyclopedia, ed. J.R. LeMaster and Donald D. Kummings (New York: Garland Publishing, 1998).
Walt Whitman of the New York Aurora, ed. Joseph Jay Rubin and Charles H. Brown (State College, PA.: Bald Eagle Press, 1950).
Walt Whitman, The Journalism, ed. Herbert Bergman and Douglas A. Noverr. Vol. 1 (New York: Peter Lang, 1998).