Leaves of Grass (1881-82)

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TO get betimes in Boston town I rose this morning early,
Here's a good place at the corner, I must stand and see the show.

Clear the way there Jonathan!
Way for the President's marshal—way for the government cannon!
Way for the Federal foot and dragoons, (and the apparitions
         copiously tumbling.)

I love to look on the Stars and Stripes, I hope the fifes will play
         Yankee Doodle.

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How bright shine the cutlasses of the foremost troops!
Every man holds his revolver, marching stiff through Boston town.

A fog follows, antiques of the same come limping,
Some appear wooden-legged, and some appear bandaged and

Why this is indeed a show—it has called the dead out of the
The old graveyards of the hills have hurried to see!
Phantoms! phantoms countless by flank and rear!
Cock'd hats of mothy mould—crutches made of mist!
Arms in slings—old men leaning on young men's shoulders.

What troubles you Yankee phantoms? what is all this chattering
         of bare gums?
Does the ague convulse your limbs? do you mistake your crutches
         for firelocks and level them?

If you blind your eyes with tears you will not see the President's
If you groan such groans you might balk the government cannon.

For shame old maniacs—bring down those toss'd arms, and let
         your white hair be,
Here gape your great grandsons, their wives gaze at them from
         the windows,
See how well dress'd, see how orderly they conduct themselves.

Worse and worse—can't you stand it? are you retreating?
Is this hour with the living too dead for you?

Retreat then—pell-mell!
To your graves—back—back to the hills old limpers!
I do not think you belong here anyhow.

But there is one thing that belongs here—shall I tell you what it
         is, gentlemen of Boston?

I will whisper it to the Mayor, he shall send a committee to
They shall get a grant from the Parliament, go with a cart to the
         royal vault,
Dig out King George's coffin, unwrap him quick from the grave-
         clothes, box up his bones for a journey,

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Find a swift Yankee clipper—here is freight for you, black-bellied
Up with your anchor—shake out your sails—steer straight toward
         Boston bay.

Now call for the President's marshal again, bring out the govern-
         ment cannon,
Fetch home the roarers from Congress, make another procession,
         guard it with foot and dragoons.

This centre-piece for them;
Look, all orderly citizens—look from the windows, women!

The committee open the box, set up the regal ribs, glue those that
         will not stay,
Clap the skull on top of the ribs, and clap a crown on top of the

You have got your revenge, old buster—the crown is come to its
         own, and more than its own.

Stick your hands in your pockets, Jonathan—you are a made
         man from this day,
You are mighty cute—and here is one of your bargains.




The 72d and 73d Years of These States.

SUDDENLY out of its stale and drowsy lair, the lair of slaves,
Like lightning it le'pt forth half startled at itself,
Its feet upon the ashes and the rags, its hands tight to the throats
         of kings.

O hope and faith!
O aching close of exiled patriots' lives!
O many a sicken'd heart!
Turn back unto this day and make yourselves afresh.

And you, paid to defile the People—you liars, mark!
Not for numberless agonies, murders, lusts,
For court thieving in its manifold mean forms, worming from his
         simplicity the poor man's wages,
For many a promise sworn by royal lips and broken and laugh'd
         at in the breaking,

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Then in their power not for all these did the blows strike revenge,
         or the heads of the nobles fall;
The People scorn'd the ferocity of kings.

But the sweetness of mercy brew'd bitter destruction, and the
         frighten'd monarchs come back,
Each comes in state with his train, hangman, priest, tax-gatherer,
Soldier, lawyer, lord, jailer, and sycophant.

Yet behind all lowering stealing, lo, a shape,
Vague as the night, draped interminably, head, front and form, in
         scarlet folds,
Whose face and eyes none may see,
Out of its robes only this, the red robes lifted by the arm,
One finger crook'd pointed high over the top, like the head of a
         snake appears.

Meanwhile corpses lie in new-made graves, bloody corpses of
         young men,
The rope of the gibbet hangs heavily, the bullets of princes are
         flying, the creatures of power laugh aloud,
And all these things bear fruits, and they are good.

Those corpses of young men,
Those martyrs that hang from the gibbets, those hearts pierc'd by
         the gray lead,
Cold and motionless as they seem live elsewhere with unslaugh-
         ter'd vitality.

They live in other young men O kings!
They live in brothers again ready to defy you,
They were purified by death, they were taught and exalted.

Not a grave of the murder'd for freedom but grows seed for free-
         dom, in its turn to bear seed,
Which the winds carry afar and re-sow, and the rains and the
         snows nourish.

Not a disembodied spirit can the weapons of tyrants let loose,
But it stalks invisibly over the earth, whispering, counseling,

Liberty, let others despair of you—I never despair of you.

Is the house shut? is the master away?
Nevertheless, be ready, be not weary of watching,
He will soon return, his messengers come anon.

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HOLD it up sternly—see this it sends back, (who is it? is it
Outside fair costume, within ashes and filth,
No more a flashing eye, no more a sonorous voice or springy
Now some slave's eye, voice, hands, step,
A drunkard's breath, unwholesome eater's face, venerealee's flesh,
Lungs rotting away piecemeal, stomach sour and cankerous,
Joints rheumatic, bowels clogged with abomination,
Blood circulating dark and poisonous streams,
Words babble, hearing and touch callous,
No brain, no heart left, no magnetism of sex;
Such from one look in this looking-glass ere you go hence,
Such a result so soon—and from such a beginning!



LOVER divine and perfect Comrade,
Waiting content, invisible yet, but certain,
Be thou my God.

Thou, thou, the Ideal Man,
Fair, able, beautiful, content, and loving,
Complete in body and dilate in spirit,
Be thou my God.

O Death, (for Life has served its turn,)
Opener and usher to the heavenly mansion,
Be thou my God.

Aught, aught of mightiest, best I see, conceive, or know,
(To break the stagnant tie—thee, thee to free, O soul,)
Be thou my God.

All great ideas, the races' aspirations,
All heroisms, deeds of rapt enthusiasts,
Be ye my Gods.

Or Time and Space,
Or shape of Earth divine and wondrous,
Or some fair shape I viewing, worship,
Or lustrous orb of sun or star by night,
Be ye my Gods.

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FORMS, qualities, lives, humanity, language, thoughts,
The ones known, and the ones unknown, the ones on the stars,
The stars themselves, some shaped, others unshaped,
Wonders as of those countries, the soil, trees, cities, inhabitants,
         whatever they may be,
Splendid suns, the moons and rings, the countless combinations
         and effects,
Such-like, and as good as such-like, visible here or anywhere,
         stand provided for in a handful of space, which I extend
         my arm and half enclose with my hand,
That containing the start of each and all, the virtue, the germs
         of all.



OF ownership—as if one fit to own things could not at pleasure
         enter upon all, and incorporate them into himself or herself;
Of vista—suppose some sight in arriere through the formative
         chaos, presuming the growth, fulness, life, now attain'd on
         the journey,
(But I see the road continued, and the journey ever continued;)
Of what was once lacking on earth, and in due time has become
         supplied—and of what will yet be supplied,
Because all I see and know I believe to have its main purport in
         what will yet be supplied.



WHEN I heard the learn'd astronomer,
When the proofs, the figures, were ranged in columns before me,
When I was shown the charts and diagrams, to add, divide, and
         measure them,
When I sitting heard the astronomer where he lectured with much
         applause in the lecture-room,
How soon unaccountable I became tired and sick,
Till rising and gliding out I wander'd off by myself,
In the mystical moist night-air, and from time to time,
Look'd up in perfect silence at the stars.



ONLY themselves understand themselves and the like of themselves,
As souls only understand souls.

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O ME! O life! of the questions of these recurring,
Of the endless trains of the faithless, of cities fill'd with the
Of myself forever reproaching myself, (for who more foolish than I,
         and who more faithless?)
Of eyes that vainly crave the light, of the objects mean, of the
         struggle ever renew'd,
Of the poor results of all, of the plodding and sordid crowds I
         see around me,
Of the empty and useless years of the rest, with the rest me inter-
The question, O me! so sad, recurring—What good amid these,
         O me, O life?



That you are here—that life exists and identity,
That the powerful play goes on, and you may contribute a verse.



ALL you are doing and saying is to America dangled mirages,
You have not learn'd of Nature—of the politics of Nature you
         have not learn'd the great amplitude, rectitude, impartiality,
You have not seen that only such as they are for these States,
And that what is less than they must sooner or later lift off from
         these States.



I SIT and look out upon all the sorrows of the world, and upon all
         oppression and shame,
I hear secret convulsive sobs from young men at anguish with
         themselves, remorseful after deeds done,
I see in low life the mother misused by her children, dying,
         neglected, gaunt, desperate,
I see the wife misused by her husband, I see the treacherous
         seducer of young women,
I mark the ranklings of jealousy and unrequited love attempted to
         be hid, I see these sights on the earth,
I see the workings of battle, pestilence, tyranny, I see martyrs and
I observe a famine at sea, I observe the sailors casting lots who
         shall be kill'd to preserve the lives of the rest,

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I observe the slights and degradations cast by arrogant persons
         upon laborers, the poor, and upon negroes, and the like;
All these—all the meanness and agony without end I sitting look
         out upon,
See, hear, and am silent.



WHAT you give me I cheerfully accept,
A little sustenance, a hut and garden, a little money, as I rendez-
         vous with my poems,
A traveler's lodging and breakfast as I journey through the States,
         —why should I be ashamed to own such gifts? why to
         advertise for them?
For I myself am not one who bestows nothing upon man and woman,
For I bestow upon any man or woman the entrance to all the gifts
         of the universe.



SKIRTING the river road, (my forenoon walk, my rest,)
Skyward in air a sudden muffled sound, the dalliance of the eagles,
The rushing amorous contact high in space together,
The clinching interlocking claws, a living, fierce, gyrating wheel,
Four beating wings, two beaks, a swirling mass tight grappling,
In tumbling turning clustering loops, straight downward falling,
Till o'er the river pois'd, the twain yet one, a moment's lull,
A motionless still balance in the air, then parting, talons loosing,
Upward again on slow-firm pinions slanting, their separate diverse
She hers, he his, pursuing.




( After reading HEGEL.)

Roaming in thought over the Universe, I saw the little that is
         Good steadily hastening towards immortality,
And the vast all that is call'd Evil I saw hastening to merge itself
         and become lost and dead.



THROUGH the ample open door of the peaceful country barn,
A sunlit pasture field with cattle and horses feeding,
And haze and vista, and the far horizon fading away.

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SILENT and amazed even when a little boy,
I remember I heard the preacher every Sunday put God in his
As contending against some being or influence.



ON a flat road runs the well-train'd runner,
He is lean and sinewy with muscular legs,
He is thinly clothed, he leans forward as he runs,
With lightly closed fists and arms partially rais'd.



WOMEN sit or move to and fro, some old, some young,
The young are beautiful—but the old are more beautiful than the



I SEE the sleeping babe nestling the breast of its mother,
The sleeping mother and babe—hush'd, I study them long and



OF obedience, faith, adhesiveness;
As I stand aloof and look there is to me something profoundly
         affecting in large masses of men following the lead of those
         who do not believe in men.



A MASK, a perpetual natural disguiser of herself,
Concealing her face, concealing her form,
Changes and transformations every hour, every moment,
Falling upon her even when she sleeps.



OF Justice—as if Justice could be any thing but the same ample
         law, expounded by natural judges and saviors,
As if it might be this thing or that thing, according to decisions.

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GLIDING o'er all, through all,
Through Nature, Time, and Space,
As a ship on the waters advancing,
The voyage of the soul—not life alone,
Death, many deaths I'll sing.



HAST never come to thee an hour,
A sudden gleam divine, precipitating, bursting all these bubbles,
         fashions, wealth?
These eager business aims—books, politics, art, amours,
To utter nothingness?



OF Equality—as if it harm'd me, giving others the same chances
         and rights as myself—as if it were not indispensable to
         my own rights that others possess the same.



I SEE in you the estuary that enlarges and spreads itself grandly as
         it pours in the great sea.



LOCATIONS and times—what is it in me that meets them all, when-
         ever and wherever, and makes me at home?
Forms, colors, densities, odors—what is it in me that corresponds
         with them?



A THOUSAND perfect men and women appear,
Around each gathers a cluster of friends, and gay children and
         youths, with offerings.




To Identify the 16th, 17th, or 18th Presidentiad.

WHY reclining, interrogating? why myself and all drowsing?
What deepening twilight—scum floating atop of the waters,

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Who are they as bats and night-dogs askant in the capitol?
What a filthy Presidentiad! (O South, your torrid suns! O North,
         your arctic freezings!)
Are those really Congressmen? are those the great Judges? is that
         the President?
Then I will sleep awhile yet, for I see that these States sleep, for
(With gathering murk, with muttering thunder and lambent shoots
         we all duly awake,
South, North, East, West, inland and seaboard, we will surely

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