Published Works


About this Item

Title: New York Commercial Advertiser

Creator: Susan Belasco

Whitman Archive ID: per.00165

Source: Written for the Walt Whitman Archive. First published on the Archive in 2008. For a description of the editorial rationale behind our treatment of the periodical poems, see our statement of editorial policy.

Contributors to digital file: Elizabeth Lorang, Susan Belasco, and Kevin McMullen

On August 1, 1871, Whitman was invited by the Board of Managers of the fortieth National Industrial Exposition of the American Institute to write a poem for the opening ceremony. His invitation included the offer of travel expenses and a $100.00 fee. A delighted Whitman agreed and produced the poem, "After All, Not to Create Only," which he read at the opening of the Exposition in New York. Whitman had agreed to provide copies of the poem for publication, and the poem appeared in the New York Commercial Advertiser on September 7, 1871. The editors published the poem with a description of the opening exercises of the event, including the statement that "At the conclusion of the prayer, the national poet, Walt Whitman was introduced." The Commercial Advertiser, established in 1797 as the successor to Noah Webster's American Minerva, was one of the oldest newspapers in New York City. The primary purpose of the paper was to carry mercantile news, such as important events like the National Industrial Exposition. But the Advertiser also carried political and national news and was widely regarded as a quality newspaper. The paper began as a morning paper but became an afternoon newspaper after the Civil War; the issue which printed Whitman's poem gives the time of the "First Edition" as 1:00. Whitman's poem was reprinted in a number of other newspapers, but few gave it the prominence of the Commercial Advertiser.


Douglas, George H. The Golden Age of the Newspapper. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1999.

Loving, Jerome. Walt Whitman: The Song of Himself. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Mott, Frank Luther. American Journalism a History: 1690-1960. 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan Company, 1995.

Myerson, Joel. Walt Whitman: A Descriptive Bibliography. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993.

Traubel, Horace. With Walt Whitman in Camden. Vol. 1. Boston: Small, Maynard and Company, 1906.

Whitman, Walt. Leaves of Grass: Comprehensive Reader's Edition. Edited by Harold W. Blodgett and Sculley Bradley. New York: New York University Press, 1965.

Wolfe, Karen. "'Song of the Exposition' (1871)." In Walt Whitman: An Encyclopedia, edited by J.R. LeMaster and Donald D. Kummings. New York: Garland Publishing, 1998.


"After All, Not to Create Only." New York Commercial Advertiser, 7 September 1871, [3]


Published Works | In Whitman's Hand | Life & Letters | Commentary | Resources | Pictures & Sound

Support the Archive | About the Archive

Distributed under a Creative Commons License. Matt Cohen, Ed Folsom, & Kenneth M. Price, editors.