Published Works


About this Item

Title: The Galaxy

Creator: Susan Belasco

Whitman Archive ID: per.00102

Source: Written for the Walt Whitman Archive. First published on the Archive in 2008. For a description of the editorial rationale behind our treatment of the periodical poems, see our statement of editorial policy.

Contributors to digital file: Elizabeth Lorang, Susan Belasco, and Kevin McMullen

Whitman was first recommended to the Galaxy's publishers, William Conant Church and Francis Pharcellus Church, by his friend, William Douglas O'Connor who suggested John Burroughs' article titled, "Notes on Walt Whitman as Poet and Person." A portion of that article appeared in the Galaxy during its first year of publication, in December 1866. Eventually, prompted by Whitman's growing reputation, the Churches proposed that Whitman himself write a poem concerning the theme of "harvest" for their publication. In August 1867 Whitman submitted "A Carol of Harvest for 1867" and the poem was printed in the September edition. Whitman later submitted more poems to the magazine, including "Ethiopia Commenting," which was accepted for publication but never printed. In May 1871, Anne Charlotte Lynch Botta (1815–1891), who presided over a literary salon in New York and was connected to the Galaxy, solicited a new poem from Whitman. "O Star of France" was a part of the June 1871 issue of the Galaxy. The issue included several works concerning the aftermath of the Franco-Prussian War, which ended with the surrender of the French Army in May 1871 and the forming of the German Empire and the Third French Republic. The Galaxy also printed the beginnings of Whitman's prose piece "Democratic Vistas" in two articles. The first, "Democracy," was published in December 1867 and the second, "Personalism," appeared in May 1868. For a time, the Churches considered Whitman a regular contributor but the relationship evidently changed in later years.


Grier, Edward F. "Walt Whitman, the Galaxy, and Democratic Vistas." American Literature 23.3 (1951): 332-350.

Matteson, John T. "The Galaxy." In Walt Whitman: An Encyclopedia, edited by J.R. LeMaster and Donald D. Kummings. New York: Garland Publishing, 1998.

Myerson, Joel. Walt Whitman: A Descriptive Bibliography. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993.

Whitman, Walt. Leaves of Grass: Comprehensive Reader's Edition. Edited by Harold W. Blodgett and Sculley Bradley. New York: New York University Press, 1965.


"A Carol of Harvest for 1867." Galaxy, September 1867, 605-609

"Brother of All, With Generous Hand." Galaxy, January 1870, 75-76

"Warble for Lilac-Time." Galaxy, May 1870, 686

"O Star of France!." Galaxy, June 1871, 817


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