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William D. O'Connor to Walt Whitman, 21 January 1886

 loc.03299.001_large.jpg Dear Walt,

I got yours of the 4th instant, written on the back of Kennedy's,1 and meant to have written you long before, as well as after, but have been in a wretched condition with the "misery in my back," as the colored brother calls it. I don't improve in my back and legs as rapidly as I ought, and am nearly as lame and heavy as you are, but keep hoping.

I have wanted to hear how you are, especially your eyes, which you don't mention. The state of your eyes worries  loc.03299.002_large.jpg me more than anything else about you.

Did you see the enclosed, cut from the Nation, from the great Italian fortnightly? The article must be a splendid one to bear such excerpting by the Nation!2 We tried to get the magazine through Brentano, but failed. It must make these fellows gnash their teeth to see this growing foreign appreciation.—Send the slip back some time when you are writing.

I got a copy of Kennedy's pamphlet3 from him, and but for my bad condition would have written to him, which I will do yet. I cant help feeling that he skates on pretty thin ice  loc.03299.003_large.jpgsometimes, though he says many things which are quite undeniable.

I had a letter from Grace Channing4 recently in which she says: "By the way, there is in the latest edition of Leaves of Grass a poem—'The City Dead-House'—which affects me I cannot tell you how powerfully. I never saw it before, and I think Walt has never written anything more divinely beautiful. Often as I have read it, I can't keep the tears out of my eyes."

The Channings are all very happy in their new home at Pasadena in California. It appears to be a perfect Paradise

Up to date, the New York publishers have uniformly refused loc.03299.004_large.jpg to publish my Baconian reply to R. G. White, even at my expense!5 Reason, Shakespearean hostility to the subject. This is a pretty note! I am now going to try Boston.

The death of Mrs. Gilchrist deeply stirred me.6 I was just about to try to write to her when I saw the news of her decease.

When you next write, tell me how your eyes are. I am really anxious to know.

Good bye. Faithfully yours W. D. O'Connor. Walt Whitman

William Douglas O'Connor (1832–1889) was the author of the grand and grandiloquent Whitman pamphlet The Good Gray Poet: A Vindication, published in 1866. For more on Whitman's relationship with O'Connor, see Deshae E. Lott, "O'Connor, William Douglas (1832–1889)," Walt Whitman: An Encyclopedia, ed. J.R. LeMaster and Donald D. Kummings (New York: Garland Publishing, 1998).


  • 1. See Whitman's letter to O'Connor of January 4, 1886. Kennedy's letter is undated. [back]
  • 2. The excerpt is not extant. Over the years, The Nation had published a number of negative comments on Whitman's poetry, most famously perhaps Henry James's scathing remarks on Drum-Taps (16 November 1865), 625–626. Especially O'Connor had chosen the British periodical as his personal enemy, authoring rebuttals to a number of Nation reviews that he felt misrepresented the poet or his disciples. [back]
  • 3. William Sloane Kennedy's The Poet as Craftsman, a twenty-page pamphlet, was published by David McKay in 1885. [back]
  • 4. Grace Ellery Channing (1862–1937) was the daughter of William F. Channing and the niece of William D. O'Connor. After her initial refusal to ever read Whitman's work, Channing became enthralled by the poet's words and even published her own volume of Whitman-inspired poetry titled Sea-Drift in 1899. [back]
  • 5. Hamlet's Note-Book. O'Connor understood his book as a "Baconian reply to R. G. White," a literary critic and scholar, who argued that Shakespeare was not a pseudonym of Francis Bacon but indeed a seperate, historic figure and author. After numerous publishers had declined O'Connor's manuscript, it was finally published in 1886 by Houghton, Mifflin and Company (Boston and New York). [back]
  • 6. Anne Burrows Gilchrist (1828–1885) was the author of one of the first significant pieces of criticism on Leaves of Grass, titled "A Woman's Estimate of Walt Whitman (From Late Letters by an English Lady to W. M. Rossetti)," The Radical 7 (May 1870), 345–59. Gilchrist's long correspondence with Whitman indicates that she had fallen in love with the poet after reading his work; when the pair met in 1876 when she moved to Philadelphia, Whitman never fully returned her affection, although their friendship deepened after that meeting. For more information on their relationship, see Marion Walker Alcaro, "Gilchrist, Anne Burrows (1828–1885)," Walt Whitman: An Encyclopedia, ed. J.R. LeMaster and Donald D. Kummings (New York: Garland Publishing, 1998). [back]
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