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Richard Maurice Bucke to Walt Whitman, 19 September 1888


The weather remains serene. A charming hazy, cloudy, windy, autumn day. I am trying to get on with my annual report but it moves slowly—however I have time and I shall no doubt come out of it as usual in due course. All looks well with the meter,2 we had a first class business man & capitalist to see it this week. We offered him a share with us for a certain sum, and for the benefit of his advice and assistance. He consider'd the meter such a big thing that he proposed to associate a more active business man still than  loc_es.00373.jpg himself and a man with more capital and more access to the great money centres. He has written to this man to come up from Montreal to look into the matter. I think it quite likely we may all make all the money we want out of it.

How are things with you and the new vols? I hope to have a copy of the "Complete Works"3 very soon now—the "N.B."4 in its new dress will be heartily welcome too

Has Osler5 been over to see you yet? He must be back in Phila by now?

I hope you are not suffering too much—I know well you are not having a good time. But I am sure it will be all right at last

Your friend RM Bucke  loc_es.00370.jpg See notes 9/22/88  loc_es.00371.jpg

Richard Maurice Bucke (1837–1902) was a Canadian physician and psychiatrist who grew close to Whitman after reading Leaves of Grass in 1867 (and later memorizing it) and meeting the poet in Camden a decade later. Even before meeting Whitman, Bucke claimed in 1872 that a reading of Leaves of Grass led him to experience "cosmic consciousness" and an overwhelming sense of epiphany. Bucke became the poet's first biographer with Walt Whitman (Philadelphia: David McKay, 1883), and he later served as one of his medical advisors and literary executors. For more on the relationship of Bucke and Whitman, see Howard Nelson, "Bucke, Richard Maurice," Walt Whitman: An Encyclopedia, ed. J.R. LeMaster and Donald D. Kummings (New York: Garland Publishing, 1998).


  • 1. This letter is addressed: Walt Whitman | 328 Mickle Street | Camden | New Jersey | U.S.A. It is postmarked: LONDON | PM | SP 19 | 88 | CANADA; CAMDEN, N.J. | SEP | 21 | 6AM |1888 | REC'D. [back]
  • 2. Bucke and his brother-in-law William John Gurd were designing a gas and fluid meter to be patented in Canada and sold in England. [back]
  • 3. Whitman wanted to publish a "big book" that included all of his writings, and, with the help of Horace Traubel, Whitman made the presswork and binding decisions for the volume. Frederick Oldach bound Whitman's Complete Poems & Prose (1888), which included a profile photo of the poet on the title page. The book was published in December 1888. For more information on the book, see Ed Folsom, Whitman Making Books/Books Making Whitman: A Catalog and Commentary (University of Iowa: Obermann Center for Advanced Studies, 2005). [back]
  • 4. Whitman's November Boughs was published in October 1888 by Philadelphia publisher David McKay. For more information on the book, see James E. Barcus Jr., "November Boughs [1888]," Walt Whitman: An Encyclopedia, ed. J.R. LeMaster and Donald D. Kummings (New York: Garland Publishing, 1998). [back]
  • 5. Sir William Osler (1849–1919) was a Canadian physician and one of the four founding staff members of Johns Hopkins Hospital, where he served as the first Chief of Medicine. Richard Maurice Bucke introduced Osler to Whitman in 1885 in order to care for the aging poet. Osler wrote a manuscript about his personal and professional relationship with Whitman in 1919; see Philip W. Leon, Walt Whitman and Sir William Osler: A Poet and His Physician [Toronto: ECW Press, 1995]). For more on Osler, see Philip W. Leon, "Osler, Dr. William (1849–1919)," Walt Whitman: An Encyclopedia, ed. J.R. LeMaster and Donald D. Kummings (New York: Garland Publishing, 1998). For more on the relationship of Osler and Whitman, see Michael Bliss, William Osler: A Life in Medicine (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999). [back]
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