Skip to main content


  • Whitman Archive Title: 1645–6
  • Whitman Archive ID: loc.06010
  • Repository: Catalog of the Walt Whitman Literary Manuscripts in The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
  • Box: OV 11
  • Folder: 1888, "Elias Hicks"
  • Series: Oversize
  • Date: about 1888
  • Genre: prose
  • Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
  • View Images: 1 | 2
  • Content: These notes are based on Whitman's reading of the third volume of George L. Craik and Charles Macfarlane's The Pictorial History of England (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1848). He incorporated some of this information into his essay "Notes (such as they are) founded on Elias Hicks," which was first published in November Boughs (1888) and later reprinted in Complete Prose Works (1892). Whitman planned to write an essay about Elias Hicks for many years. While finishing preparations for the printing of November Boughs, Whitman told Horace Traubel, "Some of these bits were written as many as thirty years ago. Some of them I have written within the past year. They are a miscellaneous lot but they all belong in the same stream." (See Traubel, With Walt Whitman in Camden, 2: 42.) The present manuscript is stored together with many other manuscripts on the topics of Elias Hicks and Quakerism. Those that directly contributed to the published essay are described separately. Those whose relationship to the published essay are unclear are not included at this stage of our work.

View All Works
Back to top