Skip to main content

Leaves of Grass, "I Celebrate Myself,"

Leaves of Grass.

I CELEBRATE myself, And what I assume you shall assume, For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you. I loafe and invite my soul, I lean and loafe at my ease . . . . observing a spear of summer grass. Houses and rooms are full of perfumes . . . . the shelves are crowded with perfumes, I breathe the fragrance myself, and know it and like it, The distillation would intoxicate me also, but I shall not let it. The atmosphere is not a perfume . . . . it has no taste of the distillation . . . . it is  
It is for my mouth forever . . . . I am in love with it, I will go to the bank by the wood and become undisguised and naked, I am mad for it to be in contact with me.
The smoke of my own breath, Echos, ripples, and buzzed whispers . . . . loveroot, silkthread, crotch and vine, My respiration and inspiration . . . . the beating of my heart . . . . the passing of blood  
 and air through my lungs,
The sniff of green leaves and dry leaves, and of the shore and darkcolored sea- 
 rocks, and of hay in the barn,
The sound of the belched words of my voice . . . . words loosed to the eddies of  
 the wind,
A few light kisses . . . . a few embraces . . . . a reaching around of arms, The play of shine and shade on the trees as the supple boughs wag, The delight alone or in the rush of the streets, or along the fields and hillsides, The feeling of health . . . . the full-noon trill . . . . the song of me rising from bed  
 and meeting the sun.
  [ begin page 14 ]ppp.00271.021.jpg Have you reckoned a thousand acres much? Have you reckoned the earth much? Have you practiced so long to learn to read? Have you felt so proud to get at the meaning of poems?
Stop this day and night with me and you shall possess the origin of all poems, You shall possess the good of the earth and sun . . . . there are millions of suns left, You shall no longer take things at second or third hand . . . . nor look through the  
 eyes of the dead . . . . nor feed on the spectres in books,
You shall not look through my eyes either, nor take things from me, You shall listen to all sides and filter them from yourself.
I have heard what the talkers were talking . . . . the talk of the beginning and the end, But I do not talk of the beginning or the end. There was never any more inception than there is now, Nor any more youth or age than there is now; And will never be any more perfection than there is now, Nor any more heaven or hell than there is now. Urge and urge and urge, Always the procreant urge of the world. Out of the dimness opposite equals advance . . . . Always substance and increase, Always a knit of identity . . . . always distinction . . . . always a breed of life. To elaborate is no avail . . . . Learned and unlearned feel that it is so. Sure as the most certain sure . . . . plumb in the uprights, well entretied, braced in  
 the beams,
Stout as a horse, affectionate, haughty, electrical, I and this mystery here we stand.
Clear and sweet is my soul . . . . and clear and sweet is all that is not my soul. Lack one lacks both . . . . and the unseen is proved by the seen, Till that becomes unseen and receives proof in its turn. Showing the best and dividing it from the worst, age vexes age, Knowing the perfect fitness and equanimity of things, while they discuss I am silent,  
 and go bathe and admire myself.
Welcome is every organ and attribute of me, and of any man hearty and clean, Not an inch nor a particle of an inch is vile, and none shall be less familiar than the rest. I am satisfied . . . . I see, dance, laugh, sing;   [ begin page 15 ]ppp.00271.022.jpg As God comes a loving bedfellow and sleeps at my side all night and close on the  
 peep of the day,
And leaves for me baskets covered with white towels bulging the house with their  
Shall I postpone my acceptation and realization and scream at my eyes, That they turn from gazing after and down the road, And forthwith cipher and show me to a cent, Exactly the contents of one, and exactly the contents of two, and which is ahead?
Trippers and askers surround me, People I meet . . . . . the effect upon me of my early life . . . . of the ward and city I  
 live in . . . . of the nation,
The latest news . . . . discoveries, inventions, societies . . . . authors old and new, My dinner, dress, associates, looks, business, compliments, dues, The real or fancied indifference of some man or woman I love, The sickness of one of my folks—or of myself . . . . or ill-doing . . . . or loss or lack  
 of money . . . . or depressions or exaltations,
They come to me days and nights and go from me again, But they are not the Me myself.
Apart from the pulling and hauling stands what I am, Stands amused, complacent, compassionating, idle, unitary, Looks down, is erect, bends an arm on an impalpable certain rest, Looks with its sidecurved head curious what will come next, Both in and out of the game, and watching and wondering at it. Backward I see in my own days where I sweated through fog with linguists and  
I have no mockings or arguments . . . . I witness and wait.
I believe in you my soul . . . . the other I am must not abase itself to you, And you must not be abased to the other. Loafe with me on the grass . . . . loose the stop from your throat, Not words, not music or rhyme I want . . . . not custom or lecture, not even the best, Only the lull I like, the hum of your valved voice. I mind how we lay in June, such a transparent summer morning; You settled your head athwart my hips and gently turned over upon me, And parted the shirt from my bosom-bone, and plunged your tongue to my barestript  
And reached till you felt my beard, and reached till you held my feet.
Swiftly arose and spread around me the peace and joy and knowledge that pass all  
 the art and argument of the earth;
And I know that the hand of God is the elderhand of my own,   [ begin page 16 ]ppp.00271.023.jpg And I know that the spirit of God is the eldest brother of my own, And that all the men ever born are also my brothers . . . . and the women my sisters  
 and lovers,
And that a kelson of the creation is love; And limitless are leaves stiff or drooping in the fields, And brown ants in the little wells beneath them, And mossy scabs of the wormfence, and heaped stones, and elder and mullen and  
A child said, What is the grass? fetching it to me with full hands; How could I answer the child? . . . . I do not know what it is any more than he. I guess it must be the flag of my disposition, out of hopeful green stuff woven. Or I guess it is the handkerchief of the Lord, A scented gift and remembrancer designedly dropped, Bearing the owner's name someway in the corners, that we may see and remark,  
 and say Whose?
Or I guess the grass is itself a child . . . . the produced babe of the vegetation. Or I guess it is a uniform hieroglyphic, And it means, Sprouting alike in broad zones and narrow zones, Growing among black folks as among white, Kanuck, Tuckahoe, Congressman, Cuff, I give them the same, I receive them the  
And now it seems to me the beautiful uncut hair of graves. Tenderly will I use you curling grass, It may be you transpire from the breasts of young men, It may be if I had known them I would have loved them; It may be you are from old people and from women, and from offspring taken soon  
 out of their mothers' laps,
And here you are the mothers' laps.
This grass is very dark to be from the white heads of old mothers, Darker than the colorless beards of old men, Dark to come from under the faint red roofs of mouths. O I perceive after all so many uttering tongues! And I perceive they do not come from the roofs of mouths for nothing. I wish I could translate the hints about the dead young men and women, And the hints about old men and mothers, and the offspring taken soon out of their  
  [ begin page 17 ]ppp.00271.024.jpg What do you think has become of the young and old men? And what do you think has become of the women and children? They are alive and well somewhere; The smallest sprout shows there is really no death, And if ever there was it led forward life, and does not wait at the end to arrest it, And ceased the moment life appeared. All goes onward and outward . . . . and nothing collapses, And to die is different from what any one supposed, and luckier. Has any one supposed it lucky to be born? I hasten to inform him or her it is just as lucky to die, and I know it. I pass death with the dying, and birth with the new-washed babe . . . . and am not  
 contained between my hat and boots,
And peruse manifold objects, no two alike, and every one good, The earth good, and the stars good, and their adjuncts all good.
I am not an earth nor an adjunct of an earth, I am the mate and companion of people, all just as immortal and fathomless as  
They do not know how immortal, but I know.
Every kind for itself and its own . . . . for me mine male and female, For me all that have been boys and that love women, For me the man that is proud and feels how it stings to be slighted, For me the sweetheart and the old maid . . . . for me mothers and the mothers of  
For me lips that have smiled, eyes that have shed tears, For me children and the begetters of children.
Who need be afraid of the merge? Undrape . . . . you are not guilty to me, nor stale nor discarded, I see through the broadcloth and gingham whether or no, And am around, tenacious, acquisitive, tireless . . . . and can never be shaken away. The little one sleeps in its cradle, I lift the gauze and look a long time, and silently brush away flies with my hand. The youngster and the redfaced girl turn aside up the bushy hill, I peeringly view them from the top. The suicide sprawls on the bloody floor of the bedroom, It is so . . . . I witnessed the corpse . . . . there the pistol had fallen.   [ begin page 18 ]ppp.00271.025.jpg The blab of the pave . . . . the tires of carts and sluff of bootsoles and talk of the  
The heavy omnibus, the driver with his interrogating thumb, the clank of the shod  
 horses on the granite floor,
The carnival of sleighs, the clinking and shouted jokes and pelts of snowballs; The hurrahs for popular favorites . . . . the fury of roused mobs, The flap of the curtained litter—the sick man inside, borne to the hospital, The meeting of enemies, the sudden oath, the blows and fall, The excited crowd—the policeman with his star quickly working his passage to the  
 centre of the crowd;
The impassive stones that receive and return so many echoes, The souls moving along . . . . are they invisible while the least atom of the stones is  
What groans of overfed or half-starved who fall on the flags sunstruck or in fits, What exclamations of women taken suddenly, who hurry home and give birth to  
What living and buried speech is always vibrating here . . . . what howls restrained  
 by decorum,
Arrests of criminals, slights, adulterous offers made, acceptances, rejections with  
 convex lips,
I mind them or the resonance of them . . . . I come again and again.
The big doors of the country-barn stand open and ready, The dried grass of the harvest-time loads the slow-drawn wagon, The clear light plays on the brown gray and green intertinged, The armfuls are packed to the sagging mow: I am there . . . . I help . . . . I came stretched atop of the load, I felt its soft jolts . . . . one leg reclined on the other, I jump from the crossbeams, and seize the clover and timothy, And roll head over heels, and tangle my hair full of wisps. Alone far in the wilds and mountains I hunt, Wandering amazed at my own lightness and glee, In the late afternoon choosing a safe spot to pass the night, Kindling a fire and broiling the freshkilled game, Soundly falling asleep on the gathered leaves, my dog and gun by my side. The Yankee clipper is under her three skysails . . . . she cuts the sparkle and scud, My eyes settle the land . . . . I bend at her prow or shout joyously from the deck. The boatmen and clamdiggers arose early and stopped for me, I tucked my trowser-ends in my boots and went and had a good time, You should have been with us that day round the chowder-kettle. I saw the marriage of the trapper in the open air in the far-west . . . . the bride was  
 a red girl,
  [ begin page 19 ]ppp.00271.026.jpg Her father and his friends sat near by crosslegged and dumbly smoking . . . . they  
 had moccasins to their feet and large thick blankets hanging from their  
On a bank lounged the trapper . . . . he was dressed mostly in skins . . . . his luxuriant  
 beard and curls protected his neck,
One hand rested on his rifle . . . . the other hand held firmly the wrist of the red girl, She had long eyelashes . . . . her head was bare . . . . her coarse straight locks  
 descended upon her voluptuous limbs and reached to her feet.
The runaway slave came to my house and stopped outside, I heard his motions crackling the twigs of the woodpile, Through the swung half-door of the kitchen I saw him limpsey and weak, And went where he sat on a log, and led him in and assured him, And brought water and filled a tub for his sweated body and bruised feet, And gave him a room that entered from my own, and gave him some coarse clean  
And remember perfectly well his revolving eyes and his awkwardness, And remember putting plasters on the galls of his neck and ankles; He staid with me a week before he was recuperated and passed north, I had him sit next me at table . . . . my firelock leaned in the corner.
Twenty-eight young men bathe by the shore, Twenty-eight young men, and all so friendly, Twenty-eight years of womanly life, and all so lonesome. She owns the fine house by the rise of the bank, She hides handsome and richly drest aft the blinds of the window. Which of the young men does she like the best? Ah the homeliest of them is beautiful to her. Where are you off to, lady? for I see you, You splash in the water there, yet stay stock still in your room. Dancing and laughing along the beach came the twenty-ninth bather, The rest did not see her, but she saw them and loved them. The beards of the young men glistened with wet, it ran from their long hair, Little streams passed all over their bodies. An unseen hand also passed over their bodies, It descended tremblingly from their temples and ribs. The young men float on their backs, their white bellies swell to the sun . . . . they do  
 not ask who seizes fast to them,
  [ begin page 20 ]ppp.00271.027.jpg They do not know who puffs and declines with pendant and bending arch, They do not think whom they souse with spray.
The butcher-boy puts off his killing-clothes, or sharpens his knife at the stall in the  
I loiter enjoying his repartee and his shuffle and breakdown.
Blacksmiths with grimed and hairy chests environ the anvil, Each has his main-sledge . . . . they are all out . . . . there is a great heat in the fire. From the cinder-strewed threshold I follow their movements, The lithe sheer of their waists plays even with their massive arms, Overhand the hammers roll—overhand so slow—overhand so sure, They do not hasten, each man hits in his place. The negro holds firmly the reins of his four horses . . . . the block swags underneath  
 on its tied-over chain,
The negro that drives the huge dray of the stoneyard . . . . steady and tall he stands  
 poised on one leg on the stringpiece,
His blue shirt exposes his ample neck and breast and loosens over his hipband, His glance is calm and commanding . . . . he tosses the slouch of his hat away from  
 his forehead,
The sun falls on his crispy hair and moustache . . . . falls on the black of his polish'd  
 and perfect limbs.
I behold the picturesque giant and love him . . . . and I do not stop there, I go with the team also. In me the caresser of life wherever moving . . . . backward as well as forward slue- 
To niches aside and junior bending.
Oxen that rattle the yoke or halt in the shade, what is that you express in your eyes? It seems to me more than all the print I have read in my life. My tread scares the wood-drake and wood-duck on my distant and daylong ramble, They rise together, they slowly circle around.  . . . . I believe in those winged purposes, And acknowledge the red yellow and white playing within me, And consider the green and violet and the tufted crown intentional; And do not call the tortoise unworthy because she is not something else, And the mockingbird in the swamp never studied the gamut, yet trills pretty well to  
And the look of the bay mare shames silliness out of me.
The wild gander leads his flock through the cool night,   [ begin page 21 ]ppp.00271.028.jpg Ya-honk! he says, and sounds it down to me like an invitation; The pert may suppose it meaningless, but I listen closer, I find its purpose and place up there toward the November sky. The sharphoofed moose of the north, the cat on the housesill, the chickadee, the  
The litter of the grunting sow as they tug at her teats, The brood of the turkeyhen, and she with her halfspread wings, I see in them and myself the same old law.
The press of my foot to the earth springs a hundred affections, They scorn the best I can do to relate them. I am enamoured of growing outdoors, Of men that live among cattle or taste of the ocean or woods, Of the builders and steerers of ships, of the wielders of axes and mauls, of the drivers  
 of horses,
I can eat and sleep with them week in and week out.
What is commonest and cheapest and nearest and easiest is Me, Me going in for my chances, spending for vast returns, Adorning myself to bestow myself on the first that will take me, Not asking the sky to come down to my goodwill, Scattering it freely forever. The pure contralto sings in the organloft, The carpenter dresses his plank . . . . the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild  
 ascending lisp,
The married and unmarried children ride home to their thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whaleboat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars of a Sunday and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case, He will never sleep any more as he did in the cot in his mother's bedroom; The jour printer with gray head and gaunt jaws works at his case, He turns his quid of tobacco, his eyes get blurred with the manuscript; The malformed limbs are tied to the anatomist's table, What is removed drops horribly in a pail; The quadroon girl is sold at the stand . . . . the drunkard nods by the barroom stove, The machinist rolls up his sleeves . . . . the policeman travels his beat . . . . the gate- 
 keeper marks who pass,
  [ begin page 22 ]ppp.00271.029.jpg The young fellow drives the express-wagon . . . . I love him though I do not know  
The half-breed straps on his light boots to compete in the race, The western turkey-shooting draws old and young . . . . some lean on their rifles,  
 some sit on logs,
Out from the crowd steps the marksman and takes his position and levels his piece; The groups of newly-come immigrants cover the wharf or levee, The woollypates hoe in the sugarfield, the overseer views them from his saddle; The bugle calls in the ballroom, the gentlemen run for their partners, the dancers  
 bow to each other;
The youth lies awake in the cedar-roofed garret and harks to the musical rain, The Wolverine sets traps on the creek that helps fill the Huron, The reformer ascends the platform, he spouts with his mouth and nose, The company returns from its excursion, the darkey brings up the rear and bears the  
 well-riddled target,
The squaw wrapt in her yellow-hemmed cloth is offering moccasins and beadbags for  
The connoisseur peers along the exhibition-gallery with halfshut eyes bent sideways, The deckhands make fast the steamboat, the plank is thrown for the shoregoing  
The young sister holds out the skein, the elder sister winds it off in a ball and stops  
 now and then for the knots,
The one-year wife is recovering and happy, a week ago she bore her first child, The cleanhaired Yankee girl works with her sewing-machine or in the factory or  
The nine months' gone is in the parturition chamber, her faintness and pains are ad- 
The pavingman leans on his twohanded rammer—the reporter's lead flies swiftly  
 over the notebook—the signpainter is lettering with red and gold,
The canal-boy trots on the towpath—the bookkeeper counts at his desk—the  
 shoemaker waxes his thread,
The conductor beats time for the band and all the performers follow him, The child is baptised—the convert is making the first professions, The regatta is spread on the bay . . . . how the white sails sparkle! The drover watches his drove, he sings out to them that would stray, The pedlar sweats with his pack on his back—the purchaser higgles about the odd  
The camera and plate are prepared, the lady must sit for her daguerreotype, The bride unrumples her white dress, the minutehand of the clock moves slowly, The opium eater reclines with rigid head and just-opened lips, The prostitute draggles her shawl, her bonnet bobs on her tipsy and pimpled neck, The crowd laugh at her blackguard oaths, the men jeer and wink to each other, (Miserable! I do not laugh at your oaths nor jeer you,) The President holds a cabinet council, he is surrounded by the great secretaries,   [ begin page 23 ]ppp.00271.030.jpg On the piazza walk five friendly matrons with twined arms; The crew of the fish-smack pack repeated layers of halibut in the hold, The Missourian crosses the plains toting his wares and his cattle, The fare-collector goes through the train—he gives notice by the jingling of loose  
The floormen are laying the floor—the tinners are tinning the roof—the masons  
 are calling for mortar,
In single file each shouldering his hod pass onward the laborers; Seasons pursuing each other the indescribable crowd is gathered . . . . it is the  
 Fourth of July . . . . what salutes of cannon and small arms!
Seasons pursuing each other the plougher ploughs and the mower mows and the  
 wintergrain falls in the ground;
Off on the lakes the pikefisher watches and waits by the hole in the frozen surface, The stumps stand thick round the clearing, the squatter strikes deep with his axe, The flatboatmen make fast toward dusk near the cottonwood or pekantrees, The coon-seekers go now through the regions of the Red river, or through those  
 drained by the Tennessee, or through those of the Arkansas,
The torches shine in the dark that hangs on the Chattahoochee or Altamahaw; Patriarchs sit at supper with sons and grandsons and great grandsons around them, In walls of abode, in canvass tents, rest hunters and trappers after their day's sport. The city sleeps and the country sleeps, The living sleep for their time . . . . the dead sleep for their time, The old husband sleeps by his wife and the young husband sleeps by his wife; And these one and all tend inward to me, and I tend outward to them, And such as it is to be of these more or less I am.
I am of old and young, of the foolish as much as the wise, Regardless of others, ever regardful of others, Maternal as well as paternal, a child as well as a man, Stuffed with the stuff that is coarse, and stuffed with the stuff that is fine, One of the great nation, the nation of many nations—the smallest the same and the  
 largest the same,
A southerner soon as a northerner, a planter nonchalant and hospitable, A Yankee bound my own way . . . . ready for trade . . . . my joints the limberest  
 joints on earth and the sternest joints on earth,
A Kentuckian walking the vale of the Elkhorn in my deerskin leggings, A boatman over the lakes or bays or along coasts . . . . a Hoosier, a Badger, a  
A Louisianian or Georgian, a poke-easy from sandhills and pines, At home on Canadian snowshoes or up in the bush, or with fishermen off New- 
At home in the fleet of iceboats, sailing with the rest and tacking, At home on the hills of Vermont or in the woods of Maine or the Texan ranch, Comrade of Californians . . . . comrade of free northwesterners, loving their big  
  [ begin page 24 ]ppp.00271.031.jpg Comrade of raftsmen and coalmen—comrade of all who shake hands and welcome  
 to drink and meat;
A learner with the simplest, a teacher of the thoughtfulest, A novice beginning experient of myriads of seasons, Of every hue and trade and rank, of every caste and religion, Not merely of the New World but of Africa Europe or Asia . . . . a wandering  
A farmer, mechanic, or artist . . . . a gentleman, sailor, lover or quaker, A prisoner, fancy-man, rowdy, lawyer, physician or priest.
I resist anything better than my own diversity, And breathe the air and leave plenty after me, And am not stuck up, and am in my place. The moth and the fisheggs are in their place, The suns I see and the suns I cannot see are in their place, The palpable is in its place and the impalpable is in its place. These are the thoughts of all men in all ages and lands, they are not original with  
If they are not yours as much as mine they are nothing or next to nothing, If they do not enclose everything they are next to nothing, If they are not the riddle and the untying of the riddle they are nothing, If they are not just as close as they are distant they are nothing.
This is the grass that grows wherever the land is and the water is, This is the common air that bathes the globe. This is the breath of laws and songs and behaviour, This is the the tasteless water of souls . . . . this is the true sustenance, It is for the illiterate . . . . it is for the judges of the supreme court . . . . it is for the  
 federal capitol and the state capitols,
It is for the admirable communes of literary men and composers and singers and  
 lecturers and engineers and savans,
It is for the endless races of working people and farmers and seamen.
This is the trill of a thousand clear cornets and scream of the octave flute and strike  
 of triangles.
I play not a march for victors only . . . . I play great marches for conquered and  
 slain persons.
Have you heard that it was good to gain the day? I also say it is good to fall . . . . battles are lost in the same spirit in which they are  
  [ begin page 25 ]ppp.00271.032.jpg I sound triumphal drums for the dead . . . . I fling through my embouchures the  
 loudest and gayest music to them,
Vivas to those who have failed, and to those whose war-vessels sank in the sea,  
 and those themselves who sank in the sea,
And to all generals that lost engagements, and all overcome heroes, and the number- 
 less unknown heroes equal to the greatest heroes known.
This is the meal pleasantly set . . . . this is the meat and drink for natural hunger, It is for the wicked just the same as the righteous . . . . I make appointments with all, I will not have a single person slighted or left away, The keptwoman and sponger and thief are hereby invited . . . . the heavy-lipped slave  
 is invited . . . . the venerealee is invited,
There shall be no difference between them and the rest.
This is the press of a bashful hand . . . . this is the float and odor of hair, This is the touch of my lips to yours . . . . this is the murmur of yearning, This is the far-off depth and height reflecting my own face, This is the thoughtful merge of myself and the outlet again. Do you guess I have some intricate purpose? Well I have . . . . for the April rain has, and the mica on the side of a rock has Do you take it I would astonish? Does the daylight astonish? or the early redstart twittering through the woods? Do I astonish more than they? This hour I tell things in confidence, I might not tell everybody but I will tell you. Who goes there! hankering, gross, mystical, nude? How is it I extract strength from the beef I eat? What is a man anyhow? What am I? and what are you? All I mark as my own you shall offset it with your own, Else it were time lost listening to me. I do not snivel that snivel the world over, That months are vacuums and the ground but wallow and filth, That life is a suck and a sell, and nothing remains at the end but threadbare crape  
 and tears.
Whimpering and truckling fold with powders for invalids . . . . conformity goes to  
 the fourth-removed,
I cock my hat as I please indoors or out.
Shall I pray? Shall I venerate and be ceremonious?   [ begin page 26 ]ppp.00271.033.jpg I have pried through the strata and analyzed to a hair, And counselled with doctors and calculated close and found no sweeter fat than  
 sticks to my own bones.
In all people I see myself, none more and not one a barleycorn less, And the good or bad I say of myself I say of them. And I know I am solid and sound, To me the converging objects of the universe perpetually flow, All are written to me, and I must get what the writing means. And I know I am deathless, I know this orbit of mine cannot be swept by a carpenter's compass, I know I shall not pass like a child's carlacue cut with a burnt stick at night. I know I am august, I do not trouble my spirit to vindicate itself or be understood, I see that the elementary laws never apologize, I reckon I behave no prouder than the level I plant my house by after all. I exist as I am, that is enough, If no other in the world be aware I sit content, And if each and all be aware I sit content. One world is aware, and by far the largest to me, and that is myself, And whether I come to my own today or in ten thousand or ten million years, I can cheerfully take it now, or with equal cheerfulness I can wait. My foothold is tenoned and mortised in granite, I laugh at what you call dissolution, And I know the amplitude of time. I am the poet of the body, And I am the poet of the soul. The pleasures of heaven are with me, and the pains of hell are with me, The first I graft and increase upon myself . . . . the latter I translate into a new  
I am the poet of the woman the same as the man, And I say it is as great to be a woman as to be a man, And I say there is nothing greater than the mother of men. I chant a new chant of dilation or pride, We have had ducking and deprecating about enough, I show that size is only developement.   [ begin page 27 ]ppp.00271.034.jpg Have you outstript the rest? Are you the President? It is a trifle . . . . they will more than arrive there every one, and still pass on. I am he that walks with the tender and growing night; I call to the earth and sea half-held by the night. Press close barebosomed night! Press close magnetic nourishing night! Night of south winds! Night of the large few stars! Still nodding night! Mad naked summer night! Smile O voluptuous coolbreathed earth! Earth of the slumbering and liquid trees! Earth of departed sunset! Earth of the mountains misty-topt! Earth of the vitreous pour of the full moon just tinged with blue! Earth of shine and dark mottling the tide of the river! Earth of the limpid gray of clouds brighter and clearer for my sake! Far-swooping elbowed earth! Rich apple-blossomed earth! Smile, for your lover comes! Prodigal! you have given me love! . . . . therefore I to you give love! O unspeakable passionate love! Thruster holding me tight and that I hold tight! We hurt each other as the bridegroom and the bride hurt each other. You sea! I resign myself to you also . . . . I guess what you mean, I behold from the beach your crooked inviting fingers, I believe you refuse to go back without feeling of me; We must have a turn together . . . . I undress . . . . hurry me out of sight of the land, Cushion me soft . . . . rock me in billowy drowse, Dash me with amorous wet . . . . I can repay you. Sea of stretched ground-swells! Sea breathing broad and convulsive breaths! Sea of the brine of life! Sea of unshovelled and always-ready graves! Howler and scooper of storms! Capricious and dainty sea! I am integral with you . . . . I too am of one phase and of all phases. Partaker of influx and efflux . . . . extoler of hate and conciliation, Extoler of amies and those that sleep in each others' arms. I am he attesting sympathy; Shall I make my list of things in the house and skip the house that supports them? I am the poet of commonsense and of the demonstrable and of immortality; And am not the poet of goodness only . . . . I do not decline to be the poet of wick- 
 edness also.
  [ begin page 28 ]ppp.00271.035.jpg Washes and razors for foofoos . . . . for me freckles and a bristling beard. What blurt is it about virtue and about vice? Evil propels me, and reform of evil propels me . . . . I stand indifferent, My gait is no faultfinder's or rejecter's gait, I moisten the roots of all that has grown. Did you fear some scrofula out of the unflagging pregnancy? Did you guess the celestial laws are yet to be worked over and rectified? I step up to say that what we do is right and what we affirm is right . . . . and some  
 is only the ore of right,
Witnesses of us . . . . one side a balance and the antipodal side a balance, Soft doctrine as steady help as stable doctrine, Thoughts and deeds of the present our rouse and early start.
This minute that comes to me over the past decillions, There is no better than it and now. What behaved well in the past or behaves well today is not such a wonder, The wonder is always and always how there can be a mean man or an infidel. Endless unfolding of words of ages! And mine a word of the modern . . . . a word en masse. A word of the faith that never balks, One time as good as another time . . . . here or henceforward it is all the same to  
A word of reality . . . . materialism first and last imbueing. Hurrah for positive science! Long live exact demonstration! Fetch stonecrop and mix it with cedar and branches of lilac; This is the lexicographer or chemist . . . . this made a grammar of the old  
These mariners put the ship through dangerous unknown seas, This is the geologist, and this works with the scalpel, and this is a mathematician.
Gentlemen I receive you, and attach and clasp hands with you, The facts are useful and real . . . . they are not my dwelling . . . . I enter by them to  
 an area of the dwelling.
I am less the reminder of property or qualities, and more the reminder of life, And go on the square for my own sake and for others' sakes,   [ begin page 29 ]ppp.00271.036.jpg And make short account of neuters and geldings, and favor men and women fully  
And beat the gong of revolt, and stop with fugitives and them that plot and conspire.
Walt Whitman, an American, one of the roughs, a kosmos, Disorderly fleshy and sensual . . . . eating drinking and breeding, No sentimentalist . . . . no stander above men and women or apart from them . . . . no  
 more modest than immodest.
Unscrew the locks from the doors! Unscrew the doors themselves from their jambs! Whoever degrades another degrades me . . . . and whatever is done or said returns  
 at last to me,
And whatever I do or say I also return.
Through me the afflatus surging and surging . . . . through me the current and index. I speak the password primeval . . . . I give the sign of democracy; By God! I will accept nothing which all cannot have their counterpart of on the  
 same terms.
Through me many long dumb voices, Voices of the interminable generations of slaves, Voices of prostitutes and of deformed persons, Voices of the diseased and despairing, and of thieves and dwarfs, Voices of cycles of preparation and accretion, And of the threads that connect the stars—and of wombs, and of the fatherstuff, And of the rights of them the others are down upon, Of the trivial and flat and foolish and despised, Of fog in the air and beetles rolling balls of dung. Through me forbidden voices, Voices of sexes and lusts . . . . voices veiled, and I remove the veil, Voices indecent by me clarified and transfigured. I do not press my finger across my mouth, I keep as delicate around the bowels as around the head and heart, Copulation is no more rank to me than death is. I believe in the flesh and the appetites, Seeing hearing and feeling are miracles, and each part and tag of me is a miracle. Divine am I inside and out, and I make holy whatever I touch or am touched from; The scent of these arm-pits is aroma finer than prayer, This head is more than churches or bibles or creeds.   [ begin page 30 ]ppp.00271.037.jpg If I worship any particular thing it shall be some of the spread of my body; Translucent mould of me it shall be you, Shaded ledges and rests, firm masculine coulter, it shall be you, Whatever goes to the tilth of me it shall be you, You my rich blood, your milky stream pale strippings of my life; Breast that presses against other breasts it shall be you, My brain it shall be your occult convolutions, Root of washed sweet-flag, timorous pond-snipe, nest of guarded duplicate eggs, it  
 shall be you,
Mixed tussled hay of head and beard and brawn it shall be you, Trickling sap of maple, fibre of manly wheat, it shall be you; Sun so generous it shall be you, Vapors lighting and shading my face it shall be you, You sweaty brooks and dews it shall be you, Winds whose soft-tickling genitals rub against me it shall be you, Broad muscular fields, branches of liveoak, loving lounger in my winding paths, it  
 shall be you,
Hands I have taken, face I have kissed, mortal I have ever touched, it shall be you.
I dote on myself . . . . there is that lot of me, and all so luscious, Each moment and whatever happens thrills me with joy. I cannot tell how my ankles bend . . . . nor whence the cause of my faintest wish, Nor the cause of the friendship I emit . . . . nor the cause of the friendship I take  
To walk up my stoop is unaccountable . . . . I pause to consider if it really be, That I eat and drink is spectacle enough for the great authors and schools, A morning-glory at my window satisfies me more than the metaphysics of books. To behold the daybreak! The little light fades the immense and diaphanous shadows, The air tastes good to my palate. Hefts of the moving world at innocent gambols, silently rising, freshly exuding, Scooting obliquely high and low. Something I cannot see puts upward libidinous prongs, Seas of bright juice suffuse heaven. The earth by the sky staid with . . . . the daily close of their junction, The heaved challenge from the east that moment over my head, The mocking taunt, See then whether you shall be master! Dazzling and tremendous how quick the sunrise would kill me, If I could not now and always send sunrise out of me.   [ begin page 31 ]ppp.00271.038.jpg We also ascend dazzling and tremendous as the sun, We found our own my soul in the calm and cool of the daybreak. My voice goes after what my eyes cannot reach, With the twirl of my tongue I encompass worlds and volumes of worlds. Speech is the twin of my vision . . . . it is unequal to measure itself. It provokes me forever, It says sarcastically, Walt, you understand enough . . . . why don't you let it out  
Come now I will not be tantalized . . . . you conceive too much of articulation. Do you not know how the buds beneath are folded? Waiting in gloom protected by frost, The dirt receding before my prophetical screams, I underlying causes to balance them at last, My knowledge my live parts . . . . it keeping tally with the meaning of things, Happiness . . . . which whoever hears me let him or her set out in search of this  
My final merit I refuse you . . . . I refuse putting from me the best I am. Encompass worlds but never try to encompass me, I crowd your noisiest talk by looking toward you. Writing and talk do not prove me, I carry the plenum of proof and every thing else in my face, With the hush of my lips I confound the topmost skeptic. I think I will do nothing for a long time but listen, And accrue what I hear into myself . . . . and let sounds contribute toward me. I hear the bravuras of birds . . . . the bustle of growing wheat . . . . gossip of flames 
  . . . . clack of sticks cooking my meals.
I hear the sound of the human voice . . . . a sound I love, I hear all sounds as they are tuned to their uses . . . . sounds of the city and sounds  
 out of the city . . . . sounds of the day and night;
Talkative young ones to those that like them . . . . the recitative of fish-pedlars and  
 fruit-pedlars . . . . the loud laugh of workpeople at their meals,
The angry base of disjointed friendship . . . . the faint tones of the sick, The judge with hands tight to the desk, his shaky lips pronouncing a death-sentence, The heave'e'yo of stevedores unlading ships by the wharves . . . . the refrain of the  
  [ begin page 32 ]ppp.00271.039.jpg The ring of alarm-bells . . . . the cry of fire . . . . the whirr of swift-streaking engines  
 and hose-carts with premonitory tinkles and colored lights,
The steam-whistle . . . . the solid roll of the train of approaching cars; The slow-march played at night at the head of the association, They go to guard some corpse . . . . the flag-tops are draped with black muslin.
I hear the violincello or man's heart's complaint, And hear the keyed cornet or else the echo of sunset. I hear the chorus . . . . it is a grand-opera . . . . this indeed is music! A tenor large and fresh as the creation fills me, The orbic flex of his mouth is pouring and filling me full. I hear the trained soprano . . . . she convulses me like the climax of my love-grip; The orchestra whirls me wider than Uranus flies, It wrenches unnamable ardors from my breast, It throbs me to gulps of the farthest down horror, It sails me . . . . I dab with bare feet . . . . they are licked by the indolent waves, I am exposed . . . . cut by bitter and poisoned hail, Steeped amid honeyed morphine . . . . my windpipe squeezed in the fakes of death, Let up again to feel the puzzle of puzzles, And that we call Being. To be in any form, what is that? If nothing lay more developed the quahaug and its callous shell were enough. Mine is no callous shell, I have instant conductors all over me whether I pass or stop, They seize every object and lead it harmlessly through me. I merely stir, press, feel with my fingers, and am happy, To touch my person to some one else's is about as much as I can stand. Is this then a touch? . . . . quivering me to a new identity, Flames and ether making a rush for my veins, Treacherous tip of me reaching and crowding to help them, My flesh and blood playing out lightning, to strike what is hardly different from  
On all sides prurient provokers stiffening my limbs, Straining the udder of my heart for its withheld drip, Behaving licentious toward me, taking no denial, Depriving me of my best as for a purpose, Unbuttoning my clothes and holding me by the bare waist, Deluding my confusion with the calm of the sunlight and pasture fields,   [ begin page 33 ]ppp.00271.040.jpg Immodestly sliding the fellow-senses away, They bribed to swap off with touch, and go and graze at the edges of me, No consideration, no regard for my draining strength or my anger, Fetching the rest of the herd around to enjoy them awhile, Then all uniting to stand on a headland and worry me.
The sentries desert every other part of me, They have left me helpless to a red marauder, They all come to the headland to witness and assist against me. I am given up by traitors; I talk wildly . . . . I have lost my wits . . . . I and nobody else am the greatest  
I went myself first to the headland . . . . my own hands carried me there.
You villain touch! what are you doing? . . . . my breath is tight in its throat; Unclench your floodgates! you are too much for me. Blind loving wrestling touch! Sheathed hooded sharptoothed touch! Did it make you ache so leaving me? Parting tracked by arriving . . . . perpetual payment of the perpetual loan, Rich showering rain, and recompense richer afterward. Sprouts take and accumulate . . . . stand by the curb prolific and vital, Landscapes projected masculine full-sized and golden. All truths wait in all things, They neither hasten their own delivery nor resist it, They do not need the obstetric forceps of the surgeon, The insignificant is as big to me as any, What is less or more than a touch? Logic and sermons never convince, The damp of the night drives deeper into my soul. Only what proves itself to every man and woman is so, Only what nobody denies is so. A minute and a drop of me settle my brain; I believe the soggy clods shall become lovers and lamps, And a compend of compends is the meat of a man or woman, And a summit and flower there is the feeling they have for each other, And they are to branch boundlessly out of that lesson until it becomes omnific, And until every one shall delight us, and we them.   [ begin page 34 ]ppp.00271.041.jpg I believe a leaf of grass is no less than the journeywork of the stars, And the pismire is equally perfect, and a grain of sand, and the egg of the wren, And the tree-toad is a chef-d'ouvre for the highest, And the running blackberry would adorn the parlors of heaven, And the narrowest hinge in my hand puts to scorn all machinery, And the cow crunching with depressed head surpasses any statue, And a mouse is miracle enough to stagger sextillions of infidels, And I could come every afternoon of my life to look at the farmer's girl boiling her  
 iron tea-kettle and baking shortcake.
I find I incorporate gneiss and coal and long-threaded moss and fruits and grains and  
 esculent roots,
And am stucco'd with quadrupeds and birds all over, And have distanced what is behind me for good reasons, And call any thing close again when I desire it.
In vain the speeding or shyness, In vain the plutonic rocks send their old heat against my approach, In vain the mastadon retreats beneath its own powdered bones, In vain objects stand leagues off and assume manifold shapes, In vain the ocean settling in hollows and the great monsters lying low, In vain the buzzard houses herself with the sky, In vain the snake slides through the creepers and logs, In vain the elk takes to the inner passes of the woods, In vain the razorbilled auk sails far north to Labrador, I follow quickly . . . . I ascend to the nest in the fissure of the cliff. I think I could turn and live awhile with the animals . . . . they are so placid and self- 
I stand and look at them sometimes half the day long.
They do not sweat and whine about their condition, They do not lie awake in the dark and weep for their sins, They do not make me sick discussing their duty to God, Not one is dissatisfied . . . . not one is demented with the mania of owning things, Not one kneels to another nor to his kind that lived thousands of years ago, Not one is respectable or industrious over the whole earth. So they show their relations to me and I accept them; They bring me tokens of myself . . . . they evince them plainly in their possession. I do not know where they got those tokens, I must have passed that way untold times ago and negligently dropt them, Myself moving forward then and now and forever, Gathering and showing more always and with velocity,   [ begin page 35 ]ppp.00271.042.jpg Infinite and omnigenous and the like of these among them; Not too exclusive toward the reachers of my remembrancers, Picking out here one that shall be my amie, Choosing to go with him on brotherly terms. A gigantic beauty of a stallion, fresh and responsive to my caresses, Head high in the forehead and wide between the ears, Limbs glossy and supple, tail dusting the ground, Eyes well apart and full of sparkling wickedness . . . . ears finely cut and flexibly  
His nostrils dilate . . . . my heels embrace him . . . . his well built limbs tremble with  
 pleasure . . . . we speed around and return.
I but use you a moment and then I resign you stallion . . . . and do not need your  
 paces, and outgallop them,
And myself as I stand or sit pass faster than you.
Swift wind! Space! My Soul! Now I know it is true what I guessed at; What I guessed when I loafed on the grass, What I guessed while I lay alone in my bed . . . . and again as I walked the beach  
 under the paling stars of the morning.
My ties and ballasts leave me . . . . I travel . . . . I sail . . . . my elbows rest in the  
I skirt the sierras . . . . my palms cover continents, I am afoot with my vision.
By the city's quadrangular houses . . . . in log-huts, or camping with lumbermen, Along the ruts of the turnpike . . . . along the dry gulch and rivulet bed, Hoeing my onion-patch, and rows of carrots and parsnips . . . . crossing savannas . . .   
 trailing in forests,
Prospecting . . . . gold-digging . . . . girdling the trees of a new purchase, Scorched ankle-deep by the hot sand . . . . hauling my boat down the shallow river; Where the panther walks to and fro on a limb overhead . . . . where the buck turns  
 furiously at the hunter,
Where the rattlesnake suns his flabby length on a rock . . . . where the otter is  
 feeding on fish,
Where the alligator in his tough pimples sleeps by the bayou, Where the black bear is searching for roots or honey . . . . where the beaver pats  
 the mud with his paddle-tail;
Over the growing sugar . . . . over the cottonplant . . . . over the rice in its low  
 moist field;
Over the sharp-peaked farmhouse with its scalloped scum and slender shoots from  
 the gutters;
  [ begin page 36 ]ppp.00271.043.jpg Over the western persimmon . . . . over the longleaved corn and the delicate blue- 
 flowered flax;
Over the white and brown buckwheat, a hummer and a buzzer there with the rest, Over the dusky green of the rye as it ripples and shades in the breeze; Scaling mountains . . . . pulling myself cautiously up . . . . holding on by low scrag- 
 ged limbs,
Walking the path worn in the grass and beat through the leaves of the brush; Where the quail is whistling betwixt the woods and the wheatlot, Where the bat flies in the July eve . . . . where the great goldbug drops through the  
Where the flails keep time on the barn floor, Where the brook puts out of the roots of the old tree and flows to the meadow, Where cattle stand and shake away flies with the tremulous shuddering of their  
Where the cheese-cloth hangs in the kitchen, and andirons straddle the hearth-slab,  
 and cobwebs fall in festoons from the rafters;
Where triphammers crash . . . . where the press is whirling its cylinders; Wherever the human heart beats with terrible throes out of its ribs; Where the pear-shaped balloon is floating aloft . . . . floating in it myself and look- 
 ing composedly down;
Where the life-car is drawn on the slipnoose . . . . where the heat hatches pale- 
 green eggs in the dented sand,
Where the she-whale swims with her calves and never forsakes them, Where the steamship trails hindways its long pennant of smoke, Where the ground-shark's fin cuts like a black chip out of the water, Where the half-burned brig is riding on unknown currents, Where shells grow to her slimy deck, and the dead are corrupting below; Where the striped and starred flag is borne at the head of the regiments; Approaching Manhattan, up by the long-stretching island, Under Niagara, the cataract falling like a veil over my countenance; Upon a door-step . . . . upon the horse-block of hard wood outside, Upon the race-course, or enjoying pic-nics or jigs or a good game of base-ball, At he-festivals with blackguard jibes and ironical license and bull-dances and  
 drinking and laughter,
At the cider-mill, tasting the sweet of the brown sqush . . . . sucking the juice  
 through a straw,
At apple-pealings, wanting kisses for all the red fruit I find, At musters and beach-parties and friendly bees and huskings and house-raisings; Where the mockingbird sounds his delicious gurgles, and cackles and screams and  
Where the hay-rick stands in the barnyard, and the dry-stalks are scattered, and the  
 brood cow waits in the hovel,
Where the bull advances to do his masculine work, and the stud to the mare, and the  
 cock is treading the hen,
Where the heifers browse, and the geese nip their food with short jerks;   [ begin page 37 ]ppp.00271.044.jpg Where the sundown shadows lengthen over the limitless and lonesome prairie, Where the herds of buffalo make a crawling spread of the square miles far and  
Where the hummingbird shimmers . . . . where the neck of the longlived swan is  
 curving and winding;
Where the laughing-gull scoots by the slappy shore and laughs her near-human  
Where beehives range on a gray bench in the garden half-hid by the high weeds; Where the band-necked partridges roost in a ring on the ground with their heads  
Where burial coaches enter the arched gates of a cemetery; Where winter wolves bark amid wastes of snow and icicled trees; Where the yellow-crowned heron comes to the edge of the marsh at night and feeds  
 upon small crabs;
Where the splash of swimmers and divers cools the warm noon; Where the katydid works her chromatic reed on the walnut-tree over the well; Through patches of citrons and cucumbers with silver-wired leaves, Through the salt-lick or orange glade . . . . or under conical furs; Through the gymnasium . . . . through the curtained saloon . . . . through the office  
 or public hall;
Pleased with the native and pleased with the foreign . . . . pleased with the new  
 and old,
Pleased with women, the homely as well as the handsome, Pleased with the quakeress as she puts off her bonnet and talks melodiously, Pleased with the primitive tunes of the choir of the whitewashed church, Pleased with the earnest words of the sweating Methodist preacher, or any preacher  
  . . . . looking seriously at the camp-meeting;
Looking in at the shop-windows in Broadway the whole forenoon . . . . pressing the  
 flesh of my nose to the thick plate-glass,
Wandering the same afternoon with my face turned up to the clouds; My right and left arms round the sides of two friends and I in the middle; Coming home with the bearded and dark-cheeked bush-boy . . . . riding behind him  
 at the drape of the day;
Far from the settlements studying the print of animals' feet, or the moccasin print; By the cot in the hospital reaching lemonade to a feverish patient, By the coffined corpse when all is still, examining with a candle; Voyaging to every port to dicker and adventure; Hurrying with the modern crowd, as eager and fickle as any, Hot toward one I hate, ready in my madness to knife him; Solitary at midnight in my back yard, my thoughts gone from me a long while, Walking the old hills of Judea with the beautiful gentle god by my side; Speeding through space . . . . speeding through heaven and the stars, Speeding amid the seven satellites and the broad ring and the diameter of eighty  
 thousand miles,
  [ begin page 38 ]ppp.00271.045.jpg Speeding with tailed meteors . . . . throwing fire-balls like the rest, Carrying the crescent child that carries its own full mother in its belly; Storming enjoying planning loving cautioning, Backing and filling, appearing and disappearing, I tread day and night such roads.
I visit the orchards of God and look at the spheric product, And look at quintillions ripened, and look at quintillions green. I fly the flight of the fluid and swallowing soul, My course runs below the soundings of plummets. I help myself to material and immaterial, No guard can shut me off, no law can prevent me. I anchor my ship for a little while only, My messengers continually cruise away or bring their returns to me. I go hunting polar furs and the seal . . . . leaping chasms with a pike-pointed staff  
  . . . . clinging to topples of brittle and blue.
I ascend to the foretruck . . . . I take my place late at night in the crow's nest . . . .  
 we sail through the arctic sea . . . . it is plenty light enough,
Through the clear atmosphere I stretch around on the wonderful beauty, The enormous masses of ice pass me and I pass them . . . . the scenery is plain in  
 all directions,
The white-topped mountains point up in the distance . . . . I fling out my fancies  
 toward them;
We are about approaching some great battlefield in which we are soon to be  
We pass the colossal outposts of the encampments . . . . we pass with still feet and  
Or we are entering by the suburbs some vast and ruined city . . . . the blocks and  
 fallen architecture more than all the living cities of the globe.
I am a free companion . . . . I bivouac by invading watchfires. I turn the bridegroom out of bed and stay with the bride myself, And tighten her all night to my thighs and lips. My voice is the wife's voice, the screech by the rail of the stairs, They fetch my man's body up dripping and drowned. I understand the large hearts of heroes, The courage of present times and all times;   [ begin page 39 ]ppp.00271.046.jpg How the skipper saw the crowded and rudderless wreck of the steamship, and death  
 chasing it up and down the storm,
How he knuckled tight and gave not back one inch, and was faithful of days and  
 faithful of nights,
And chalked in large letters on a board, Be of good cheer, We will not desert you; How he saved the drifting company at last, How the lank loose-gowned women looked when boated from the side of their  
 prepared graves,
How the silent old-faced infants, and the lifted sick, and the sharp-lipped unshaved  
All this I swallow and it tastes good . . . . I like it well, and it becomes mine, I am the man . . . . I suffered . . . . I was there.
The disdain and calmness of martyrs, The mother condemned for a witch and burnt with dry wood, and her children  
 gazing on;
The hounded slave that flags in the race and leans by the fence, blowing and  
 covered with sweat,
The twinges that sting like needles his legs and neck, The murderous buckshot and the bullets, All these I feel or am.
I am the hounded slave . . . . I wince at the bite of the dogs, Hell and despair are upon me . . . . crack and again crack the marksmen, I clutch the rails of the fence . . . . my gore dribs thinned with the ooze of my skin, I fall on the weeds and stones, The riders spur their unwilling horses and haul close, They taunt my dizzy ears . . . . they beat me violently over the head with their  
Agonies are one of my changes of garments; I do not ask the wounded person how he feels . . . . I myself become the wounded  
My hurt turns livid upon me as I lean on a cane and observe.
I am the mashed fireman with breastbone broken . . . . tumbling walls buried me in  
 their debris,
Heat and smoke I inspired . . . . I heard the yelling shouts of my comrades, I heard the distant click of their picks and shovels; They have cleared the beams away . . . . they tenderly lift me forth.
I lie in the night air in my red shirt . . . . the pervading hush is for my sake, Painless after all I lie, exhausted but not so unhappy, White and beautiful are the faces around me . . . . the heads are bared of their fire- 
The kneeling crowd fades with the light of the torches.
  [ begin page 40 ]ppp.00271.047.jpg Distant and dead resuscitate, They show as the dial or move as the hands of me . . . . and I am the clock myself. I am an old artillerist, and tell of some fort's bombardment . . . . and am there again. Again the reveille of drummers . . . . again the attacking cannon and mortars and  
Again the attacked send their cannon responsive.
I take part . . . . I see and hear the whole, The cries and curses and roar . . . . the plaudits for well aimed shots, The ambulanza slowly passing and trailing its red drip, Workmen searching after damages and to make indispensible repairs, The fall of grenades through the rent roof . . . . the fan-shaped explosion, The whizz of limbs heads stone wood and iron high in the air. Again gurgles the mouth of my dying general . . . . he furiously waves with his  
He gasps through the clot . . . . Mind not me . . . . mind . . . . the entrenchments.
I tell not the fall of Alamo . . . . not one escaped to tell the fall of Alamo, The hundred and fifty are dumb yet at Alamo. Hear now the tale of a jetblack sunrise, Hear of the murder in cold blood of four hundred and twelve young men. Retreating they had formed in a hollow square with their baggage for breastworks, Nine hundred lives out of the surrounding enemy's nine times their number was the  
 price they took in advance,
Their colonel was wounded and their ammunition gone, They treated for an honorable capitulation, received writing and seal, gave up their  
 arms, and marched back prisoners of war.
They were the glory of the race of rangers, Matchless with a horse, a rifle, a song, a supper or a courtship, Large, turbulent, brave, handsome, generous, proud and affectionate, Bearded, sunburnt, dressed in the free costume of hunters, Not a single one over thirty years of age. The second Sunday morning they were brought out in squads and massacred . . . . it  
 was beautiful early summer,
The work commenced about five o'clock and was over by eight.
None obeyed the command to kneel, Some made a mad and helpless rush . . . . some stood stark and straight, A few fell at once, shot in the temple or heart . . . . the living and dead lay together,   [ begin page 41 ]ppp.00271.048.jpg The maimed and mangled dug in the dirt . . . . the new-comers saw them there; Some half-killed attempted to crawl away, These were dispatched with bayonets or battered with the blunts of muskets; A youth not seventeen years old seized his assassin till two more came to release  
The three were all torn, and covered with the boy's blood.
At eleven o'clock began the burning of the bodies; And that is the tale of the murder of the four hundred and twelve young men, And that was a jetblack sunrise. Did you read in the seabooks of the oldfashioned frigate-fight? Did you learn who won by the light of the moon and stars? Our foe was no skulk in his ship, I tell you, His was the English pluck, and there is no tougher or truer, and never was, and  
 never will be;
Along the lowered eve he came, horribly raking us.
We closed with him . . . . the yards entangled . . . . the cannon touched, My captain lashed fast with his own hands. We had received some eighteen-pound shots under the water, On our lower-gun-deck two large pieces had burst at the first fire, killing all around  
 and blowing up overhead.
Ten o'clock at night, and the full moon shining and the leaks on the gain, and five feet  
 of water reported,
The master-at-arms loosing the prisoners confined in the after-hold to give them a  
 chance for themselves.
The transit to and from the magazine was now stopped by the sentinels, They saw so many strange faces they did not know whom to trust. Our frigate was afire . . . . the other asked if we demanded quarters? if our colors  
 were struck and the fighting done?
I laughed content when I heard the voice of my little captain, We have not struck, he composedly cried, We have just begun our part of the  
Only three guns were in use, One was directed by the captain himself against the enemy's mainmast, Two well-served with grape and canister silenced his musketry and cleared his decks.   [ begin page 42 ]ppp.00271.049.jpg The tops alone seconded the fire of this little battery, especially the maintop, They all held out bravely during the whole of the action. Not a moment's cease, The leaks gained fast on the pumps . . . . the fire eat toward the powder-magazine, One of the pumps was shot away . . . . it was generally thought we were sinking. Serene stood the little captain, He was not hurried . . . . his voice was neither high nor low, His eyes gave more light to us than our battle-lanterns. Toward twelve at night, there in the beams of the moon they surrendered to us. Stretched and still lay the midnight, Two great hulls motionless on the breast of the darkness, Our vessel riddled and slowly sinking . . . . preparations to pass to the one we had  
The captain on the quarter deck coldly giving his orders through a countenance  
 white as a sheet,
Near by the corpse of the child that served in the cabin, The dead face of an old salt with long white hair and carefully curled whiskers, The flames spite of all that could be done flickering aloft and below, The husky voices of the two or three officers yet fit for duty, Formless stacks of bodies and bodies by themselves . . . . dabs of flesh upon the  
 masts and spars,
The cut of cordage and dangle of rigging . . . . the slight shock of the soothe of  
Black and impassive guns, and litter of powder-parcels, and the strong scent, Delicate sniffs of the seabreeze . . . . smells of sedgy grass and fields by the shore . . .   
 death-messages given in charge to survivors,
The hiss of the surgeon's knife and the gnawing teeth of his saw, The wheeze, the cluck, the swash of falling blood . . . . the short wild scream, the  
 long dull tapering groan,
These so . . . . these irretrievable.
O Christ! My fit is mastering me! What the rebel said gaily adjusting his throat to the rope-noose, What the savage at the stump, his eye-sockets empty, his mouth spirting whoops  
 and defiance,
What stills the traveler come to the vault at Mount Vernon, What sobers the Brooklyn boy as he looks down the shores of the Wallabout and  
 remembers the prison ships,
What burnt the gums of the redcoat at Saratoga when he surrendered his brigades, These become mine and me every one, and they are but little, I become as much more as I like.
  [ begin page 43 ]ppp.00271.050.jpg I become any presence or truth of humanity here, And see myself in prison shaped like another man, And feel the dull unintermitted pain. For me the keepers of convicts shoulder their carbines and keep watch, It is I let out in the morning and barred at night. Not a mutineer walks handcuffed to the jail, but I am handcuffed to him and walk  
 by his side,
I am less the jolly one there, and more the silent one with sweat on my twitching  
Not a youngster is taken for larceny, but I go up too and am tried and sentenced. Not a cholera patient lies at the last gasp, but I also lie at the last gasp, My face is ash-colored, my sinews gnarl . . . . away from me people retreat. Askers embody themselves in me, and I am embodied in them, I project my hat and sit shamefaced and beg. I rise extatic through all, and sweep with the true gravitation, The whirling and whirling is elemental within me. Somehow I have been stunned. Stand back! Give me a little time beyond my cuffed head and slumbers and dreams and gaping, I discover myself on a verge of the usual mistake. That I could forget the mockers and insults! That I could forget the trickling tears and the blows of the bludgeons and hammers! That I could look with a separate look on my own crucifixion and bloody crowning! I remember . . . . I resume the overstaid fraction, The grave of rock multiplies what has been confided to it  . . . . or to any  
The corpses rise . . . . the gashes heal . . . . the fastenings roll away.
I troop forth replenished with supreme power, one of an average unending  
We walk the roads of Ohio and Massachusetts and Virginia and Wisconsin and  
 New York and New Orleans and Texas and Montreal and San Francisco and  
 Charleston and Savannah and Mexico,
Inland and by the seacoast and boundary lines . . . . and we pass the boundary lines.
Our swift ordinances are on their way over the whole earth, The blossoms we wear in our hats are the growth of two thousand years.   [ begin page 44 ]ppp.00271.051.jpg Eleves I salute you, I see the approach of your numberless gangs . . . . I see you understand yourselves  
 and me,
And know that they who have eyes are divine, and the blind and lame are equally  
And that my steps drag behind yours yet go before them, And are aware how I am with you no more than I am with everybody.
The friendly and flowing savage . . . . Who is he? Is he waiting for civilization or past it and mastering it? Is he some southwesterner raised outdoors? Is he Canadian? Is he from the Mississippi country? or from Iowa, Oregon or California? or from  
 the mountains? or prairie life or bush-life? or from the sea?
Wherever he goes men and women accept and desire him, They desire he should like them and touch them and speak to them and stay with  
Behaviour lawless as snow-flakes . . . . words simple as grass . . . . uncombed head  
 and laughter and naivete;
Slowstepping feet and the common features, and the common modes and emanations, They descend in new forms from the tips of his fingers, They are wafted with the odor of his body or breath . . . . they fly out of the glance  
 of his eyes.
Flaunt of the sunshine I need not your bask . . . . lie over, You light surfaces only . . . . I force the surfaces and the depths also. Earth! you seem to look for something at my hands, Say old topknot! what do you want? Man or woman! I might tell how I like you, but cannot, And might tell what it is in me and what it is in you, but cannot, And might tell the pinings I have . . . . the pulse of my nights and days. Behold I do not give lectures or a little charity, What I give I give out of myself. You there, impotent, loose in the knees, open your scarfed chops till I blow grit  
 within you,
Spread your palms and lift the flaps of your pockets, I am not to be denied . . . . I compel . . . . I have stores plenty and to spare, And any thing I have I bestow.
  [ begin page 45 ]ppp.00271.052.jpg I do not ask who you are . . . . that is not important to me, You can do nothing and be nothing but what I will infold you. To a drudge of the cottonfields or emptier of privies I lean . . . . on his right cheek  
 I put the family kiss,
And in my soul I swear I never will deny him.
On women fit for conception I start bigger and nimbler babes, This day I am jetting the stuff of far more arrogant republics. To any one dying . . . . thither I speed and twist the knob of the door, Turn the bedclothes toward the foot of the bed, Let the physician and the priest go home. I seize the descending man . . . . I raise him with resistless will. O despairer, here is my neck, By God! you shall not go down! Hang your whole weight upon me. I dilate you with tremendous breath . . . . I buoy you up; Every room of the house do I fill with am​ armed force . . . . lovers of me, bafflers  
 of graves:
Sleep! I and they keep guard all night; Not doubt, not decease shall dare to lay finger upon you, I have embraced you, and henceforth possess you to myself, And when you rise in the morning you will find what I tell you is so.
I am he bringing help for the sick as they pant on their backs, And for strong upright men I bring yet more needed help. I heard what was said of the universe, Heard it and heard of several thousand years; It is middling well as far as it goes . . . . but is that all? Magnifying and applying come I, Outbidding at the start the old cautious hucksters, The most they offer for mankind and eternity less than a spirt of my own seminal  
Taking myself the exact dimensions of Jehovah and laying them away, Lithographing Kronos and Zeus his son, and Hercules his grandson, Buying drafts of Osiris and Isis and Belus and Brahma and Adonai, In my portfolio placing Manito loose, and Allah on a leaf, and the crucifix engraved, With Odin, and the hideous-faced Mexitli, and all idols and images, Honestly taking them all for what they are worth, and not a cent more, Admitting they were alive and did the work of their day,   [ begin page 46 ]ppp.00271.053.jpg Admitting they bore mites as for unfledged birds who have now to rise and fly and  
 sing for themselves,
Accepting the rough deific sketches to fill out better in myself . . . . bestowing them  
 freely on each man and woman I see,
Discovering as much or more in a framer framing a house, Putting higher claims for him there with his rolled-up sleeves, driving the mallet and  
Not objecting to special revelations . . . . considering a curl of smoke or a hair on  
 the back of my hand as curious as any revelation;
Those ahold of fire-engines and hook-and-ladder ropes more to me than the gods of  
 the antique wars,
Minding their voices peal through the crash of destruction, Their brawny limbs passing safe over charred laths . . . . their white foreheads whole  
 and unhurt out of the flames;
By the mechanic's wife with her babe at her nipple interceding for every person  
Three scythes at harvest whizzing in a row from three lusty angels with shirts  
 bagged out at their waists;
The snag-toothed hostler with red hair redeeming sins past and to come, Selling all he possesses and traveling on foot to fee lawyers for his brother and sit  
 by him while he is tried for forgery:
What was strewn in the amplest strewing the square rod about me, and not filling  
 the square rod then;
The bull and the bug never worshipped half enough, Dung and dirt more admirable than was dreamed, The supernatural of no account . . . . myself waiting my time to be one of the  
The day getting ready for me when I shall do as much good as the best, and be as  
Guessing when I am it will not tickle me much to receive puffs out of pulpit or  
By my life-lumps! becoming already a creator! Putting myself here and now to the ambushed womb of the shadows!
 . . . . A call in the midst of the crowd, My own voice, orotund sweeping and final. Come my children, Come my boys and girls, and my women and household and intimates, Now the performer launches his nerve . . . . he has passed his prelude on the reeds  
Easily written loosefingered chords! I feel the thrum of their climax and close. My head evolves on my neck,   [ begin page 47 ]ppp.00271.054.jpg Music rolls, but not from the organ . . . . folks are around me, but they are no  
 household of mine.
Ever the hard and unsunk ground, Ever the eaters and drinkers . . . . ever the upward and downward sun . . . . ever the  
 air and the ceaseless tides,
Ever myself and my neighbors, refreshing and wicked and real, Ever the old inexplicable query . . . . ever that thorned thumb—that breath of itches  
 and thirsts,
Ever the vexer's hoot! hoot! till we find where the sly one hides and bring him  
Ever love . . . . ever the sobbing liquid of life, Ever the bandage under the chin . . . . ever the tressels of death.
Here and there with dimes on the eyes walking, To feed the greed of the belly the brains liberally spooning, Tickets buying or taking or selling, but in to the feast never once going; Many sweating and ploughing and thrashing, and then the chaff for payment re- 
A few idly owning, and they the wheat continually claiming.
This is the city . . . . and I am one of the citizens; Whatever interests the rest interests me . . . . politics, churches, newspapers,  
Benevolent societies, improvements, banks, tariffs, steamships, factories, markets, Stocks and stores and real estate and personal estate.
They who piddle and patter here in collars and tailed coats . . . . I am aware who  
 they are . . . . and that they are not worms or fleas,
I acknowledge the duplicates of myself under all the scrape-lipped and pipe-legged  
The weakest and shallowest is deathless with me, What I do and say the same waits for them, Every thought that flounders in me the same flounders in them. I know perfectly well my own egotism, And know my omniverous words, and cannot say any less, And would fetch you whoever you are flush with myself. My words are words of a questioning, and to indicate reality; This printed and bound book . . . . but the printer and the printing-office boy? The marriage estate and settlement . . . . but the body and mind of the bridegroom?  
 also those of the bride?
The panorama of the sea . . . . but the sea itself?   [ begin page 48 ]ppp.00271.055.jpg The well-taken photographs . . . . but your wife or friend close and solid in your  
The fleet of ships of the line and all the modern improvements . . . . but the craft  
 and pluck of the admiral?
The dishes and fare and furniture . . . . but the host and hostess, and the look out of  
 their eyes?
The sky up there . . . . yet here or next door or across the way? The saints and sages in history . . . . but you yourself? Sermons and creeds and theology . . . . but the human brain, and what is called  
 reason, and what is called love, and what is called life?
I do not despise you priests; My faith is the greatest of faiths and the least of faiths, Enclosing all worship ancient and modern, and all between ancient and modern, Believing I shall come again upon the earth after five thousand years, Waiting responses from oracles . . . . honoring the gods  . . . . saluting the sun, Making a fetish of the first rock or stump . . . . powowing with sticks in the circle of  
Helping the lama or brahmin as he trims the lamps of the idols, Dancing yet through the streets in a phallic procession . . . . rapt and austere in the  
 woods, a gymnosophist,
Drinking mead from the skull-cup . . . . to shasta and vedas admirant . . . . minding  
 the koran,
Walking the teokallis, spotted with gore from the stone and knife—beating the  
 serpent-skin drum;
Accepting the gospels, accepting him that was crucified, knowing assuredly that he  
 is divine,
To the mass kneeling—to the puritan's prayer rising—sitting patiently in a pew, Ranting and frothing in my insane crisis—waiting dead-like till my spirit arouses me; Looking forth on pavement and land, and outside of pavement and land, Belonging to the winders of the circuit of circuits.
One of that centripetal and centrifugal gang, I turn and talk like a man leaving charges before a journey. Down-hearted doubters, dull and excluded, Frivolous sullen moping angry affected disheartened atheistical, I know every one of you, and know the unspoken interrogatories, By experience I know them. How the flukes splash! How they contort rapid as lightning, with spasms and spouts of blood! Be at peace bloody flukes of doubters and sullen mopers, I take my place among you as much as among any;   [ begin page 49 ]ppp.00271.056.jpg The past is the push of you and me and all precisely the same, And the day and night are for you and me and all, And what is yet untried and afterward is for you and me and all. I do not know what is untried and afterward, But I know it is sure and alive and sufficient. Each who passes is considered, and each who stops is considered, and not a single  
 one can it fail.
It cannot fail the young man who died and was buried, Nor the young woman who died and was put by his side, Nor the little child that peeped in at the door and then drew back and was never  
 seen again,
Nor the old man who has lived without purpose, and feels it with bitterness worse  
 than gall,
Nor him in the poorhouse tubercled by rum and the bad disorder, Nor the numberless slaughtered and wrecked . . . . nor the brutish koboo, called the  
 ordure of humanity,
Nor the sacs merely floating with open mouths for food to slip in, Nor any thing in the earth, or down in the oldest graves of the earth, Nor any thing in the myriads of spheres, nor one of the myriads of myriads that in- 
 habit them,
Nor the present, nor the least wisp that is known.
It is time to explain myself . . . . let us stand up. What is known I strip away . . . . I launch all men and women forward with me into  
 the unknown.
The clock indicates the moment . . . . but what does eternity indicate? Eternity lies in bottomless reservoirs . . . . its buckets are rising forever and ever, They pour and they pour and they exhale away. We have thus far exhausted trillions of winters and summers; There are trillions ahead, and trillions ahead of them. Births have brought us richness and variety, And other births will bring us richness and variety. I do not call one greater and one smaller, That which fills its period and place is equal to any. Were mankind murderous or jealous upon you my brother or my sister?   [ begin page 50 ]ppp.00271.057.jpg I am sorry for you . . . . they are not murderous or jealous upon me; All has been gentle with me . . . . . . I keep no account with lamentation; What have I to do with lamentation? I am an acme of things accomplished, and I an encloser of things to be. My feet strike an apex of the apices of the stairs, On every step bunches of ages, and larger bunches between the steps, All below duly traveled—and still I mount and mount. Rise after rise bow the phantoms behind me, Afar down I see the huge first Nothing, the vapor from the nostrils of death, I know I was even there . . . . I waited unseen and always, And slept while God carried me through the lethargic mist, And took my time . . . . and took no hurt from the fœtid carbon. Long I was hugged close . . . . long and long. Immense have been the preparations for me, Faithful and friendly the arms that have helped me. Cycles ferried my cradle, rowing and rowing like cheerful boatmen; For room to me stars kept aside in their own rings, They sent influences to look after what was to hold me. Before I was born out of my mother generations guided me, My embryo has never been torpid . . . . nothing could overlay it; For it the nebula cohered to an orb . . . . the long slow strata piled to rest it on  
  . . . . vast vegetables gave it sustenance,
Monstrous sauroids transported it in their mouths and deposited it with care.
All forces have been steadily employed to complete and delight me, Now I stand on this spot with my soul. Span of youth! Ever-pushed elasticity! Manhood balanced and florid and full! My lovers suffocate me! Crowding my lips, and thick in the pores of my skin, Jostling me through streets and public halls . . . . coming naked to me at night, Crying by day Ahoy from the rocks of the river . . . . swinging and chirping over my  
Calling my name from flowerbeds or vines or tangled underbrush, Or while I swim in the bath . . . . or drink from the pump at the corner . . . . or the  
 curtain is down at the opera . . . . or I glimpse at a woman's face in the  
 railroad car;
  [ begin page 51 ]ppp.00271.058.jpg Lighting on every moment of my life, Bussing my body with soft and balsamic busses, Noiselessly passing handfuls out of their hearts and giving them to be mine.
Old age superbly rising! Ineffable grace of dying days! Every condition promulges not only itself . . . . it promulges what grows after and out  
 of itself,
And the dark hush promulges as much as any.
I open my scuttle at night and see the far-sprinkled systems, And all I see, multiplied as high as I can cipher, edge but the rim of the farther  
Wider and wider they spread, expanding and always expanding, Outward and outward and forever outward. My sun has his sun, and round him obediently wheels, He joins with his partners a group of superior circuit, And greater sets follow, making specks of the greatest inside them. There is no stoppage, and never can be stoppage; If I and you and the worlds and all beneath or upon their surfaces, and all the  
 palpable life, were this moment reduced back to a pallid float, it would not  
 avail in the long run,
We should surely bring up again where we now stand, And as surely go as much farther, and then farther and farther.
A few quadrillions of eras, a few octillions of cubic leagues, do not hazard the span,  
 or make it impatient,
They are but parts . . . . any thing is but a part.
See ever so far . . . . there is limitless space outside of that, Count ever so much . . . . there is limitless time around that. Our rendezvous is fitly appointed . . . . God will be there and wait till we come. I know I have the best of time and space—and that I was never measured, and  
 never will be measured.
I tramp a perpetual journey, My signs are a rain-proof coat and good shoes and a staff cut from the woods; No friend of mine takes his ease in my chair, I have no chair, nor church nor philosophy; I lead no man to a dinner-table or library or exchange,   [ begin page 52 ]ppp.00271.059.jpg But each man and each woman of you I lead upon a knoll, My left hand hooks you round the waist, My right hand points to landscapes of continents, and a plain public road. Not I, not any one else can travel that road for you, You must travel it for yourself. It is not far . . . . it is within reach, Perhaps you have been on it since you were born, and did not know, Perhaps it is every where on water and on land. Shoulder your duds, and I will mine, and let us hasten forth; Wonderful cities and free nations we shall fetch as we go. If you tire, give me both burdens, and rest the chuff of your hand on my hip, And in due time you shall repay the same service to me; For after we start we never lie by again. This day before dawn I ascended a hill and looked at the crowded heaven, And I said to my spirit, When we become the enfolders of those orbs and the plea- 
 sure and knowledge of every thing in them, shall we be filled and satisfied then?
And my spirit said No, we level that lift to pass and continue beyond.
You are also asking me questions, and I hear you; I answer that I cannot answer . . . . you must find out for yourself. Sit awhile wayfarer, Here are biscuits to eat and here is milk to drink, But as soon as you sleep and renew yourself in sweet clothes I will certainly kiss you  
 with my goodbye kiss and open the gate for your egress hence.
Long enough have you dreamed contemptible dreams, Now I wash the gum from your eyes, You must habit yourself to the dazzle of the light and of every moment of your  
Long have you timidly waded, holding a plank by the shore, Now I will you to be a bold swimmer, To jump off in the midst of the sea, and rise again and nod to me and shout, and  
 laughingly dash with your hair.
I am the teacher of athletes, He that by me spreads a wider breast than my own proves the width of my own, He most honors my style who learns under it to destroy the teacher.   [ begin page 53 ]ppp.00271.060.jpg The boy I love, the same becomes a man not through derived power but in his own  
Wicked, rather than virtuous out of conformity or fear, Fond of his sweetheart, relishing well his steak, Unrequited love or a slight cutting him worse than a wound cuts, First rate to ride, to fight, to hit the bull's eye, to sail a skiff, to sing a song or play  
 on the banjo,
Preferring scars and faces pitted with smallpox over all latherers and those that  
 keep out of the sun.
I teach straying from me, yet who can stray from me? I follow you whoever you are from the present hour; My words itch at your ears till you understand them. I do not say these things for a dollar, or to fill up the time while I wait for a boat; It is you talking just as much as myself . . . . I act as the tongue of you, It was tied in your mouth . . . . in mine it begins to be loosened. I swear I will never mention love or death inside a house, And I swear I never will translate myself at all, only to him or her who privately  
 stays with me in the open air.
If you would understand me go to the heights or water-shore, The nearest gnat is an explanation and a drop or the motion of waves a key, The maul the oar and the handsaw second my words. No shuttered room or school can commune with me, But roughs and little children better than they. The young mechanic is closest to me . . . . he knows me pretty well, The woodman that takes his axe and jug with him shall take me with him all day, The farmboy ploughing in the field feels good at the sound of my voice, In vessels that sail my words must sail . . . . I go with fishermen and seamen, and  
 love them,
My face rubs to the hunter's face when he lies down alone in his blanket, The driver thinking of me does not mind the jolt of his wagon, The young mother and old mother shall comprehend me, The girl and the wife rest the needle a moment and forget where they are, They and all would resume what I have told them.
I have said that the soul is not more than the body, And I have said that the body is not more than the soul, And nothing, not God, is greater to one than one's-self is, And whoever walks a furlong without sympathy walks to his own funeral, dressed in  
 his shroud,
  [ begin page 54 ]ppp.00271.061.jpg And I or you pocketless of a dime may purchase the pick of the earth, And to glance with an eye or show a bean in its pod confounds the learning of all  
And there is no trade or employment but the young man following it may become a  
And there is no object so soft but it makes a hub for the wheeled universe, And any man or woman shall stand cool and supercilious before a million universes.
And I call to mankind, Be not curious about God, For I who am curious about each am not curious about God, No array of terms can say how much I am at peace about God and about death. I hear and behold God in every object, yet I understand God not in the least, Nor do I understand who there can be more wonderful than myself. Why should I wish to see God better than this day? I see something of God each hour of the twenty-four, and each moment then, In the faces of men and women I see God, and in my own face in the glass; I find letters from God dropped in the street, and every one is signed by God's name, And I leave them where they are, for I know that others will punctually come for- 
 ever and ever.
And as to you death, and you bitter hug of mortality . . . . it is idle to try to alarm  
To his work without flinching the accoucheur comes, I see the elderhand pressing receiving supporting, I recline by the sills of the exquisite flexible doors . . . . and mark the outlet, and  
 mark the relief and escape.
And as to you corpse I think you are good manure, but that does not offend me, I smell the white roses sweetscented and growing, I reach to the leafy lips . . . . I reach to the polished breasts of melons. And as to you life, I reckon you are the leavings of many deaths, No doubt I have died myself ten thousand times before. I hear you whispering there O stars of heaven, O suns . . . . O grass of graves . . . . O perpetual transfers and promotions . . . . if  
 you do not say anything how can I say anything?
Of the turbid pool that lies in the autumn forest, Of the moon that descends the steeps of the soughing twilight, Toss, sparkles of day and dusk . . . . toss on the black stems that decay in the muck, Toss to the moaning gibberish of the dry limbs.   [ begin page 55 ]ppp.00271.062.jpg I ascend from the moon . . . . I ascend from the night, And perceive of the ghastly glitter the sunbeams reflected, And debouch to the steady and central from the offspring great or small. There is that in me . . . . I do not know what it is . . . . but I know it is in me. Wrenched and sweaty . . . . calm and cool then my body becomes; I sleep . . . . I sleep long. I do not know it . . . . it is without name . . . . it is a word unsaid, It is not in any dictionary or utterance or symbol. Something it swings on more than the earth I swing on, To it the creation is the friend whose embracing awakes me. Perhaps I might tell more . . . . Outlines! I plead for my brothers and sisters. Do you see O my brothers and sisters? It is not chaos or death . . . . it is form and union and plan . . . . it is eternal life . . . .  
 it is happiness.
The past and present wilt . . . . I have filled them and emptied them, And proceed to fill my next fold of the future. Listener up there! Here you . . . . what have you to confide to me? Look in my face while I snuff the sidle of evening, Talk honestly, for no one else hears you, and I stay only a minute longer. Do I contradict myself? Very well then . . . . I contradict myself; I am large . . . . I contain multitudes. I concentrate toward them that are nigh . . . . I wait on the door-slab. Who has done his day's work and will soonest be through with his supper? Who wishes to walk with me? Will you speak before I am gone? Will you prove already too late? The spotted hawk swoops by and accuses me . . . . he complains of my gab and my  
I too am not a bit tamed . . . . I too am untranslatable, I sound my barbaric yawp over the roofs of the world. The last scud of day holds back for me,   [ begin page 56 ]ppp.00271.063.jpg It flings my likeness after the rest and true as any on the shadowed wilds, It coaxes me to the vapor and the dusk. I depart as air . . . . I shake my white locks at the runaway sun, I effuse my flesh in eddies and drift it in lacy jags. I bequeath myself to the dirt to grow from the grass I love, If you want me again look for me under your bootsoles. You will hardly know who I am or what I mean, But I shall be good health to you nevertheless, And filter and fibre your blood. Failing to fetch me me at first keep encouraged, Missing me one place search another, I stop some where waiting for you
Back to top