In Whitman's Hand

Annotations

About this Item

Title: How would it do

Creators: Walt Whitman, Unknown

Date: Between 1850 and 1860

Whitman Archive ID: loc.03413

Source: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839–1919, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Transcribed from digital images of the original item. For a description of the editorial rationale behind our treatment of the marginalia and annotations, see our statement of editorial policy.

Editorial note(s): The source of many of Whitman's notes here is Samuel Goodrich's geography textbook, The World As it Is, And As it Has Been. The 1855 edition of that textbook forms the base text of Whitman's cultural geography scrapbook, and these manuscripts may, at one time, have been part of that scrapbook. The Library of Congress titles this group of manuscripts "The States and Their Resources," and they are sometimes referred to by that title in scholarship. We were unable to obtain an image of the verso of surface 43, although it is presumably blank.

Contributors to digital file: Lauren Grewe, Ty Alyea, Nicole Gray, Matt Cohen, Ashlyn Stewart, and Kevin McMullen



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How would it do to change the names of New Jersey, Rhode Island, New Hampshire?


——————————

The State of Narragansett Bay


———

the sea air, the uniform climate ^cool summer,

commerce extensive—the cotton, woolen, iron & lace manufactures—


——————————

Connecticut


———

large manufactures of clocks, cotton goods, and gutta‑percha,


———

shad fishery of Connecticut river is quite large


——————————

Middle States

New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, & Maryland

Alleghany Mts

Cattskills


———

Valley of the Mohawk


———

Great lakes & small lakes,


———

Susquehannah river


———

animals—bear, wolf, moose, (in the north,)


——————————

minerals—iron, coal, & marble—


——————————

Wheat and apples, peaches, pears & grapes


——————————

"The vast and numerous mines—the exhaustless stores of iron and coal."


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The Empire State

put this name instead of New York

The population, Wealth & commerce


———

Mts, the Mohegan Mts (also the Katskills )

River—the Hudson


———

"the wild-fowl and fish of Paumanok"


——————————

"Mannahatta Bay."


——————————

the falls of Niagara,—^The amplitude, and ease, and perfect proportions of the scenery— the broad river ^stream of the inland seas pouring over the ledge, and falling down a one striking a hundred and sixty feet below,


——————————

The railroads—


——————————

The Mannahatta

that's it
the Mannahatta

—the mast‑hemmed—the egg in the nest of the beautiful bays—the my city—ma femme—O never forgotten by me


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Maine


———

Fish—

Codfish
mackarel
herring
salmon

lumber)

white pine
spruce
red oak
beech
Hemlock,
maple ash

☞ limestone (burned for lime
plentiful

Timber staples

boards,
staves,
wood,
fish,
beef,
lime,
ice

Shipping (☞ Is a great ship‑building state—the first in the union—builds one third of all the U.S. ship building

Lumbering—


——————————

Merrimac state

New Hampshire

"granite state"


———

the white pine sometimes 200 ft high, and 6 ft in diameter


———

Granite is found in all parts of the state


———

apples, pears, plums, cherries,


———

cotton factories


———

India Maize, wheat, rye, cattle,


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Vermont


———

—mainly grazing

springs and brooks are numerous


———

wool is a staple‑product


———

maple sugar is "numerous"


——————————

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Massachusetts


———

Massachusetts Bay—historical

CCommerce

"The commerce of Massachusetts, the factories, the perfect cultivation of the land—the inventions schools, the benevolent institutions, the curious inventions

The Massachusetts aesthetic ^ennuyed, with always concealed fires, unpersuadable, the ^unmasterable, the originatorress of The States, an [illegible] a divine title, well‑deserved,


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Empire State

the 12,000 public skoschools—


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Salt,
6,000,000 bushels annually in Onondaga Salt springs and canals—

the great railroads—the hundreds Mannahatta—the population and wealth— —the superb scenery— the interior lakes—


——————————

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The Sea‑side State, (New Jersey,

fruit, vegetables—Passaic the falls of the Passaic—fisheries


——————————

Pennsylvania—

—valley of the Sus
—the Susquehannah river
—Alleghany Mts—in the forests the wild catalpa, and the laurel‑tree
Staples—wheat & maize the great mines of iron & coal
"the Keystone State"

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Southern states

theAnimals, the alligator, the rattlesnake, & moccasin‑snake—the Humming birds, the turkey‑buzzard


———
the yellow‑pine (producing tar pitch & turpentine
" live oak
' cypress
" graceful palmetto,
" scented bay tree
(magnolia
(orange
lemon
fig

Staples—cotton, sugar, rice, & tobacco

—fruits—oranges lemons & figs—the sweet potato and the yam


———

  • Rivers
Roanoke —500 length
Savannah 600 miles
Altamaha 500
Alabama 500

the sluggish rivers, flowing over the sands, or through swamps

warm land,—sunny land, the fiery land, the rich‑blooded land, in hot quick‑mettled land, my land—land of impulse and of love


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—the sugar‑maple—in western Virginia


——————————

^The territory plenteous area— The three millions of square miles—the diverse spread

The valley of the Mississippi—the Atlantic slope slope of to the Eastern s S ea—that to the Western s S ea—that to the great South Gulf.


———

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Georgia

Cotton and rice—(staples) the olive, the orange, indigo, cotton


———

  • (in the woods)
Oak,
pine,
hickory,
cedar


———

  • (animals)
deer,
wild turkeys,
(the alligator)


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The rich luxuriant forests, overhung charged with misleto—the ^odor, density, gloom, ^—the awful natural stillness, — no


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? Song

Always the South, the Dear to me the sunny land, sweet land, the silvery land my land, wild generousthe fiery land, quick-mettled land, luscious and generous land, rich-blooded land, land of impulse and of love


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The Red River Rio Grande and with its tributaries, the Colorado and with its tributaries, [t?] and and the Brazas and Sabine with theirs, [cut away]


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[cut away]

—the thirteen thousand [def?] towns, cities, and villages,

13,(000)30,000,(000 |2300
26
40
39
1


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principal products

Delaware—wheat

(The wheat of Delaware and Maryland


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The measureless maize fields of the earth—the tall, gracefull long-leafed maize—slender, bright-green—with tassels—with beautiful ears, each folded in its husks—the beautiful maize!


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An entirely new system, theory, & practice of Education, viz: to do that which will teach to think—every one for himself—giving facts, data


———

The honey and beeswax of Missouri, Kentucky and Tennessee,

The rice of South Carolina and Georgia—The wool of Ohio and of the Empire State,—the tobacco of Virginia and Maryland

The cotton of Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, South Carolina Georgia, South Carolina, and Texas,—The sugar of Louisiana.


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Delaware

—the Cypress Swamp—

staple—wheat (flour)


———

Maryland

—river the PotomacPatuscent (100 miles

Bay—the Chesapeake Bay

—the western portion of Maryland, 2000 feet above the sea, forms p an elevated table land—the other portion is lower ^warmer & moister

—manufactures of cotton, woolen glass, paper—& copper and iron rolling mills


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Florida

Rivers

Apalachicola—(flows S into G of M)

the springs—

"the transparent lakes"—the Okeechobee

the everglades

"the Wakulla Fountain, bubbling up pure & cold

trees

the palm, ^the live-oak, the papaw, the titi with blossoms

the parrots in the woods

—the hummock land

—the ^yellow pine & live-oak of Florida

—the


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Mississippi

Staple—cotton


———

Louisiana

sugar-cane

—the coast—the levee of the city Crescent City


———

Texas

cotton, sugar, corn, maize, wheat & wool

Rivers—the Sabine—nav. 300 miles—the Colorado—the Brazos

the rich soil and pleasant climate

the herds of buffaloes and wild horses on the prairies.—


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Tennessee

The cattle and wool of Tennessee

—Tobacco is a leading article

"Old Tennesse"—T is the oldest of the Western States

—settled first 1754


———

In Kentucky

salt-works, (quite extensive)

Kentucky—the rich garden in the centre—


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silvery land, sweet land,

gen wild, generous land

—land of luscious fruits—


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N. Carolina

The Great Dismal Swamp

northeast part of N. Carolina, extending into Virginia—10x30 miles

full of pine, juniper & cypress trees, with white & red oak in the drier parts

Lumbering is carried on to a great extent—the yellow pine, so esteemed for its beauty and durability (it is what I see for spars &c, in the spar-yards—the men cutting with axes & [adz?]


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North Carolina

The coast its with rude sea-headlands

—The gold mines

—The valuable forests

Mts The peaks of mountains peaks, the Bald Peak, the Smoky Peak, and the Pilot Peak


———

Pamlico Sound—(it must be something like the L. I. South Bay)

It communicates with the sea by inlets—Okracoke inlet is the principal one


———

The forests of pitch pine (the tar, turpentine & lumber of this tree make one half the exports of the state)

Soil—generally sandy


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model

North Carolina, with rude sea-headlands—N


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Georgia

Rivers

—The Savannah, (its north Eastern boundary)

—the rafts on the rivers

—the island-studded coast

—Nicojack Cave, with the huge mouth, and the flat floor laved by water, and the high roof of limestone

—the pine-barrens


——————————

Alabama

Rivers

the Mobile Tombigbee Coosa

Staple—Cotton


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Virginia

The subterranean caves—the sulphur springs, with their medicinal waters


———

Animals—deer, opossum, raccoon—The mocking-bird, and the wild turkey


———

Minerals

limestone and iIron, coal & limestone


———

the Cip Capitol on Shockoe hill (Richmond Va. a picturesque, commanding hill, & the building looking down, as it were, over the town and upon James river)


———

the


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Virginia

Salt—(3,00,000 bushels made annually)

—the Blue Mountains (260 miles long
—Otter Peaks —4260 ft high

River—the Potomac—500 miles

the Great Kanawha

The wild passage of the P

The river Potomack—the wild passage through the mountains—the water dashed from rock to rock.

The rocky bridge great chasm spanned by natural rock, sixty feet across—the stream flowing under


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South Carolina

—Rivers

—the Great Pedee

—the Santee

the Edisto

trees

—the Palmetto—40 feet high (the "Cabbage Palm)

—the laurel, with large white blossoms

^^Cotton rice, hemp, indigo,

the sand wavy sand-hills of the middle-Country, like ^agitated waves—the pleasant table-lands beyond


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Arkansas

Rivers—the White river

the Arkansas river 1200^m

—the beautiful valleys of the Arkansas and the Washita

—a great deal of this state in prairies—

—"bottom lands, heavily timbered with

—the otter, beaver, & raccoon

—the sleeping lakes and stagnant bayous

—the dead level


——————————

in South generally

the orange, lemon, fig, peach, grapes, pomegranate, dates, pears berries,—sweet potato


———

ginseng, blood-root, snake-root


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