In Whitman's Hand

Marginalia

About this Item

Title: One Thousand Historical Events

Creator: Walt Whitman

Annotation Date: Between 1850 and 1860

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00734

Source: Trent Collection of Whitmaniana, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University. Transcribed from digital images of the original item. For a description of the editorial rationale behind our treatment of the marginalia and annotations, see our statement of editorial policy.

Editorial Note: At one point, this manuscript likely formed part of Whitman's cultural geography scrapbook.

Contributors to digital file: Ashlyn Stewart, Kevin McMullen, and Matt Cohen


Key


Whitman's Hand | Highlighting | Paste-on | Laid in | Erasure | Overwrite



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ONE THOUSAND HISTORICAL EVENTS,
WITH THE DATES.

NOTE.—It will be seen that these Events are like so many mile-stones, set up in the order of their occurrence, along the stream of time, forming the frame-work of the world's history. The pupil should fill up the spaces between, by his future reading. He will find the Bible, and some good compend of Universal and Ecclesiastical History, necessary companions for this purpose.

FIRST SERIES.

ONE HUNDRED EVENTS

———

PERIOD I.

From the Creation to the Deluge.

ANTEDILUVIAN AGE.—Dodge a Ledge1656.

BC
1 Creation of the World. Arose the Sire, 4004
2 Birth of Cain. Roses in May, 4003
3 Cain killed Abel. Move for cash, 3876
4 Death of Adam. Mask of war,
——————————
3074
5 Translation of Enoch, aged 365. Mistake, 3017
6 Noah began to build the Ark. Honor of a chief, 2468
7 Death of Methuselah, aged 969. Enemy through rife, 2348
8 Universal Deluge. Name but rough, 2348

PERIOD II.

From the Dulge.

CONFUSION OF LANGUAGES.—Haranguego, 427.

9 First Vineyard, planted by Noah. Numb rage, 2346
10 Noah cursed his grandson Canaan. Numbe race, 2340
11 Tower of Babel built. New anarchy, 2247
12 Nimrod founded the kingdom of Babylon. Now antique, 2217
13 Ashur built Nineveh. Ninny dog, 2217
14 Kingdom of Egypt founded. Neat fief, 2188
15 Dynasty of the Shepherd Kings of Egypt. Unsavory, 2084
16 Birth of Abraham. Day of a poppy show, 1996
17 Call of Abraham. Depend, 1921

PERIOD III.

From the call of Abraham to the departure of the Israelites from Egypt.

EGYPTIAN BONDAGE.—Remiss, 430.

18 Separation of Abraham and Lot. Thy happiness, 1920
19 Abraham built an altar in Canaan. Idea of happiness, 1920
20 Abram rescued Lot from the four kings. Day for beating, 1912
21 Melchisedec blessed Abraham. of botany, 1912

3

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Moses born 15-71 BC

18 MEMORIA TECHNICA.

B.C.
22 Birth of Ishmael. Adopt us, 1910
23 Circumcision instituted. Tough book, 1897
24 Abraham entertained three angels. Tough book, 1897
25 Lot's wife became a pillar of salt. Tough book, 1897
26 Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. Tough book, 1897
27 Birth of Isaac. Dove on the bush, 1896
28 King Abimelech took Sarah from Abraham. Dove on the bush, 1896
29 Abraham offered his son Isaac in sacrifice. Dove to God, 1871
30 Death of Sarah. Tough leap, 1859
31 Marriage of Isaac and Rebecca. Two in the flesh, 1856
32 Kingdom of Argos founded by Inachus. Tough ledge, 1856
33 Birth of Esau and Jacob. Tough match, 1836
34 Death of Abraham. Divinity, 1821
35 Invention of letters be Memnon, the Egyptian. Divine idea, 1821
36 Esau sold his birthright for a mess of pottage. Tough dish, 1816
37 Jacob thro' deceit obtained the blessing of Isaac. Took the cup, 1779
38 Death of Ishmael. Attack on game, 1773
39 The deluge of Ogyges, a Grecian king. Thick shower, 1764
40 Jacob fled from the wrath of Esau. Dog leap, 1759
41 Jacob's dream at Bethel. Thick low boy, 1759
42 Rebecca died. Talk lowly, 1755
43 Jacob married Leah and Rachel. *Colony, 1752
44 Birth of Joseph. *Cruel, 1745
45 Jacob returned and was reconciled to Esau. Die in the camp, 1739
46 Shechemites massacred by the brothers of Dinah. Thick muss, 1730
47 Joseph sold by his brethren. *Convoy, 1728
48 Joseph persecuted for his chastity in the house of Potiphar. Decked wife, 1718
49 Death of Isaac. Thick dash, 1716
50 Joseph made prime minister of Egypt. Dig and toil, 1715
51 Joseph's brothers went down to Egypt to buy corn. Thick sack, 1707
52 Joseph made himself known to his brethren. Thick sash, 1706
53 Jacob and all his household went down to Egypt. Thick sash, 1706
54 Jacob died in Egypt after blessing his twelve sons. Dutch fop, 1689
55 Jacob's remains transported from Egypt to Canaan. Dutch fop, 1689
56 Joseph died. Dutch mill, 1635
57 Chronology of the Arendelian marbles began. Tall fine, 1582
58 Aaron born. *Liquor, 1574
59 Pharaoh's edict to destroy male Hebrew children. Tall gain, 1572
60 Moses born and miraculously preserved. Delicate,
——————————
1571
61 Cecrops settled Attica. Tall ledge, 1556
62 Scamander founded the kingdom of Troy. Duller age, 1546
63 Moses fled Jethro, whom he served forty years. *Almighty, 1531
64 Deluge of Deucalion in Thessaly. Toilsome, 1503
65 The council of the Amphictyons established. *Rebuke, 1497
66 Cadmus introduced the Phenician letters into Greece. Turban, 1429
67 Miracle of the burning bush. Tribute, 1491
68 Moses returned to Egypt. Tribute, 1491

* The star indicates that the letter which furnishes 1 is wanting in the word. The figure 1 stands for one thousand, which is left for the pupil's understanding to supply; which gives us some more appropriate indicating words than we could otherwise obtain. Every indicating word would be regarded as a specimen word, the best that occurred to the writer at the time. If a better word should occur to the learner, he is at full liberty to displace the one now selected.


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Numerical Key. 19

PERIOD IV.

From the Departure of the Israelites to the Dedication of the Temple.

TROJAN WAR.—Revoke, 487

? Sweet music,
69 Pharaoh and his host drowned in the Red Sea. Watery bed, 1491
70 Law from Mount Sinai. Attribute, 1491
71 Israel worshipped the Golden Calf. Dear abode, 1491
72 Passover instituted. Dear abode, 1491
73 Tabernacle set up in the wilderness. Dear piece, 1490
74 Nadab and Abihu struck with sudden death. Troops, 1490
75 The blasphemers stoned by the order of Moses. Hydrophobia, 1489
76 Moses sent twelve spies into the promised land.69 Pharaoh and his host drowned in the Red Sea. Dear fib, 1489
77 Destruction of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram. Rough foe, 1488
78 Dardanus founded the city of Troy. Turf house, 1480
79 Erection of the brazen serpent, by order of Moses. Dare lean, 1452
80 Aaron died on Mount Hor. Dare a lion, 1452
81 Balaam's ass spoke, and reproved his master. Droll head, 1451

82 Moses died on Mount Nebo in sight of Canaan.
Dare lead,
——————————
1451
83 The Israelites cross Jordan under Joshua. Dear lot, 1451
84 Fall of Jericho under the trumpets of Joshua. Tearless, 1450
85 Achan stoned, with his wife and children, by Joshua's order Tearless, 1450
86 The sun and moon stood still on Mount Gibeon. Tearless, 1450
87 Final conquest of Canaan under command of Joshua. Dare rule, 1445
88 The tabernacle set up on Shiloa. Water roar, 1444
89 Death of Joshua. Odor of a worm, 1443
90 Cushan, king of Mesopotamia, enslaves Israel. Straight home, 1413
91>First Jubilee celebrated in Israel. Dumb bush, 1396
92 Cerces teaches the Athenians the art of agriculture. Time and fame, 1383
93 Ruth followed Naomi to Bethlehem. Sweet maiden, 1312
94 Institution of the Olympic Games.
——————————
1307

?

95 Deborah the prophetess ruled Israel. Downfall, 1285
96 Ninus founded the Assyrian Empire. Stone jug, 1267
97 Argonautic expedition for the golden fleece. Hidden gem, 1263
98 Tyre founded. Tiny lily, 1255
99 Gideon rescued Israel from the Midianites. Tiny roll, 1245
100 Abimelech slew seventy of his brethren. Attain homage, 1236

———

SECOND SERIES.

ONE HUNDRED EVENTS.

———


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B.C.
1 Carthage built by a colony of Tyrians. Dun mummy, 1233
2 Jephthah sacrificed his daughter. Wedded vow go, 1187
3 The destruction of Troy. Hot wood fire, 1184
4 Birth of Samuel. Tidy and good, 1171
5 Samuel offered to the Lord by his mother. Duty to Jehovah, 1168
6 Birth of Sampson. Witty Delilah, 1155
7 Sampson killed one thousand Philistines with a jaw-bone. Stout match, 1136
B.C.
8 Sampson carried off the Gates of Gaza. Stout owner, 1124
9 Sampson's overthrow of the temple and his death. Odd attack, 1117
10 Mariner's compass used in China. Stout idol, 1115
11 Saul was anointed first king of Israel by Samuel. Disciple, 1095
12 Jonathan, with his armor-bearer, defeated the Philistines. Does havoc, 1087
13 David born at Bethlehem. This valley, 1085
14 Samuel hewed king Agag in pieces. Task of a hero, 1074
15 David killed Goliath. Dizzy shock, 1067
16 David played on his harp to drive away Saul's melancholy. Odious chime, 1063
17 David anointed secretly by Samuel. Dose of shame, 1063
18 David fled to escape the jealous wrath of Saul. Odd associate, 1061
19 Abimelech and 85 other priests killed by order of Saul. Odd associate, 1061
20 David feigned madness to escape from King Achish. Odd associate, 1061
21 Death of Samuel. Does his choice, 1060
22 City of Ziglag presented to David by King Achish. Docile show, 1056
23 Saul raised the ghost of Samuel—witch of Endor. Disloyal, 1055
24 Thieves of Ziglag carried away the wives and treasures of David Disloyal, 1055
25 David destroyed the thieves of Ziglag, and recovered his wives. Disloyal, 1055
26 Saul committed suicide on mount Gilboa. Disloyal, 1055
27 David elected king of Israel. Disloyal, 1055
28 Abner proclaimed Ishbosheth king of Israel. Disloyal, 1055
29 Abner assassinated by Joab. Deserve, 1048
30 Ishbosheth murdered, and his head carried to David. Does rave, 1048
31 Amnon slain by his brother Absalom. Does amiss, 1030
32 David forgave Absalom the murder of his brother Amnon. Design go, 1027
33 Absalom's rebellion against David. Odious name, 1023
34 Absalom killed by Joab. Odious name, 1023
35 Sheba revolted against David at the head of ten tribes. Disunion, 1022
36 Great pestilence sent upon Israel at the option of David Test go, 1017
37 Death of David. Tacitly, 1015
38 Adonijah, brother of Solomon, proclaimed king. Tacitly, 1015
39 Solomon crowned king of Israel. Tacitly, 1015
40 Adonijah and Joab put to death by the order of Solomon. Destroy, 1014
41 Solomon's judgment upon the child. Height of wisdom, 1013
42 Solomon dedicated the temple. Days of a seer, 1004

PERIOD V.

From the Dedication of Solomon's Temple to the Founding of Rome.

HOMER—New line,252.

Homer flourished 914 B.C.


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NUMERICAL KEY. 21

BC
43 The queen of Sheba visited Solomon. This scene, 1002
44 Solomon's 700 wives and 300 concubines. Behavior, 984
45 Solomon erected altars to the false gods. Buy fame, 983
46 Death of Solomon. Beguile, 975
47 Division of Israel and Judah under Jeroboam. Beguile, 975
48 Jeroboam erected temples to the idols. Beguile, 975
49 Shishak, king of Egypt, plundered the temple of Jeroboam. Bequeath, 971
50 Zerah invaded Judah with a million of men. Bright, 941
51 Zimri, the usurper, defeated by Omri. Be unhappy, 929
52 Zimri burnt himself and his family in his own house. Panic, 927
53 Omri, king of Israel, made Samaria the seat of his kingdom. Banner, 924
B.C
54 Ahab king of Israel. Beautify, 918
55 The reign of Jehosaphat, king of Israel, began. Better, 914
56 Homer flourished. Poetry, 914
57 The prophet Elijah fed by ravens in the wilderness. Piteous, 910
58 Elijah's trial with the prophets of Baal. Besiege, 906
59 Elisha anointed by Elijah as his successor. Passage, 906
60 Kingdom of Assyria came to an end. Basis, 900
61 Ahab took possession of Naboth's vineyard. Fop of a boy, 899
62 Elijah the prophet translated to heaven. Heavy badge, 896
63 God by two bears destroyed 42 children for mocking Elijah. Heavy badge, 896
64 Elisha's miracles of the oil, the pottage, and the bread. Fable, 895
65 Naaman's leprosy cured by Elisha. Vapor, 894
66 The army, sent to take Elisha, smitten with blindness. Heavy bomb, 893
67 Benhadad, king of Syria, besieged Samaria. Heavy weapon, 892
68 Two Hebrew mothers eat their own children. Heavy weapon, 892
69 Elisha restored the Shunamite's son to life. Fibs, 890
70 Laws of Lycurgus, Fever, 884
71 Jehu excommunicated the family of Ahab. Fever, 884
72 Jezebel devoured by dogs. Fever, 884
73 Jehu destroyed the temple and the priests of Baal. Fever, 884
74 Athaliah precipitated from her usurped throne. Civic foe, 878
75 Joash proclaimed king of Judah by the high priest Jehoiada. Civic foe, 878
76 Foundation of Carthage by Dido. Heavy job, 869
77 Zechariah, the high priest, stoned to death. Force, 840
78 Kingdom of Macedonia founded by Caranus. Fathom, 813
79 Jonah swallowed by a whale. Physic, 807
80 Repentance of the Ninevites—miracle of the gourd. Heavy siege, 806
81 Isaiah began to prophecy. Globe, 759
82 Romulus founded Rome upon the Tiber. Colony, 752

PERIOD VI.

From the Foundation of Rome to the Battle of Marathon.

ROMAN KNGS.—New chain,262.

Shiver,
BC.
83 Rape of the Sabines. Gallows, 750
84 First Messenian War; between Messenians and Lacedemonians. Queer whim, 743
85 Ahaz, king of Judah, set up idol to worship. Koran, 742
86 Hezekiah destroyed the brazen serpent of Moses.. Gain from a show, 726
87 End of the kingdom of Israel—destroyed by Salmanazar. Gained, 721
88 Tobit, the sage, carried into captivity to Nineveh. Gained, 721
89 Miracel of the sun-dial—Hezekiah restored to health. Sick time, 132
90 Sennacherib besieged by Jerusalem. Kitten, 712
91 Sennacherib's army destroyed by an angel. Kitten, 712
92 Tobit loses his sight by an accident. Goddess, 710
93 Dojoces founded the Medean empire. Goddess, 710
94 Tobit persecuted by his ill-tempered wife. Gay usage, 706
95 The second Messenian War. Shuffle, 685
96 Tobias became the seventh husband of Sarah, daughter of Raguel. Shiver, 684
97 Tobit recovered his sight by the miracle of Tobias.
——————————
684
98 The prophet Isaiah sawn asunder between two boards. Age of vice, 680
99 Esarhaddon took Jerusalem. Shook the key, 677
100 Combat between the Horatii and Curatii. Showy joke, 667


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Confucius flourished 531 B.C.

22 MEMORIA TECHNICA.

THIRD SERIES.

ONE HUNDRED EVENTS.

Hippocrates, 271-361 B.CSocrates 339-400 Plato 268-348
} Pericles, 359-429 Herodotus, Malachi,
Thuycidides, Xenophon,


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NUMERICAL KEY. 23

B.C.
1 Holofernes killed by Judith. Shallow joy, 656
2 Scythians invade Media. Sheriff, 648
3 Josiah the Pious began to reign. Short, 641
4 Ancus Marius, the fourth king of Rome. Shears, 640
5 Jeremiah began to prophesy. Geneva, 628
6 Pentateuch found by Hilkiah. Joiner, 624
7 Sanguinary laws of Draco. Huge enemy, 623
8 Necho, king of Egypt, dethrones Jehoahaz. Jets, 610
9 Nebuchadnezzar took Jerusalem. Showy siege, 606
10 First captivity of Judah under Nebuchadnezzar. Showy siege, 606
11 Daniel the prophet carried to Babylon. Showy siege, 606
12 First circumnavigation of Africa, under Necho. Joyous era, 604
13 Susanna assaulted by two elders. Chaste, 601
14 Jehoiakim taken to Babylon, and imprisoned. Low peep, 599
15 Ezekiel and Mordecai taken to Babylon Low peep, 599
16 Laws of Solon. Helper, 594
17 Kingdom of Judah destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar. Ill and heavy foe, 588
18 Zedekiah's eyes taken out by order of Nebuchadnezzar. Ill and heavy foe, 588
19 First money coined at Rome. Silly vice, 580
20 Nebuchadnezzar's golden image set up. Lives, 580
21 The three children saved from the fiery furnace. Lives, 580
22 Daniel interpreted Nebuchadnezzar's dream of the tree. Likewise, 570
23 Nebuchadnezzar loses his reason. Silly sheep, 569
24 Nebuchadnezzar recovered his reason Low jam, 563
25 Death of Nebuchadnezzar. All join, 562
26 Jehoiakim restored to liberty by Evil Merodach. All join, 562
27 Pisistratus usurped the tyranny of Athens. Lashes, 560
28 Daniel's vision of the four beasts. All lowly, 555
29 Phocians founded the city of Marseilles, in France. Lamp, 539
30 Belshazzar's Feast—Daniel explains the handwriting Low move, 538
31 Cyrus took Babylon. Low move, 538
32 Daniel exposes the trickeries of Bel's priests. Lame cow, 537
33 Daniel cast into the lion's den. Lame cow, 537
34 Cyrus put an end to the Jewish captivity. Holy match, 536
35 Zerubbabel commenced the rebuilding of the temple. Holy match, 536
36 First tragedy at Athens Low mule, 535
37 Tarquin the Proud seized upon the kingdom of Rome. Ill humor, 534
38 Confucius published his laws in China. Almighty, 531
39 Cambyses, son of Cyrus, ascended the throne of Persia. All unhappy, 529
40 Anaximenes, of Miletus, invented the sun-dial. Leanness, 520
41 Darius repudiated Vashti and married Esther. Light wife, 518
42 Dedication of the second temple. Loudly, 515
43 Darius invaded the Scythians, and was repulsed. Holy dame, 513
44 Esther saved the Jews from a general slaughter. Lots, 510
45 Triumph of Mordecai, the uncle of Esther. Lots, 510
46 Haman, the enemy of the Jews, hung on a gallows fifty cubits high. Lots, 510
B.C.
47 Feast of Purim instituted by the Jews. Lots, 510
48 Tarquin the Proud expelled from Rome. Lisp, 509
49 Brutus established the Roman republic. Lisp, 509
50
51 Sardis burnt by the Ionians. Air pipe, 499
52 First dictator of Rome—Laerius. Rebuff, 498
53 Institution of the Saturnalia by the Romans. Year book, 497
54 Tarquin the Proud died at Cuma. Reply, 495
55 Darius undertook his unsuccessful expedition against the Greeks. Reply, 495
56 Establishment of the Roman Tribunes. European, 492
57 Banishment of Coriolanus from Rome. Repaid, 491
58 Battle of Marathon—the Greeks against the Persians. Repose, 490

PERIOD VII.

From the Battle of Marathon to the Birth of Alexander.

GRECIAN GLORY.—Teamer,134.

Plato died—348 B.C.


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24 MEMORIA TECHNICA.

B.C.
59 The first proposition of the Agrarian law. Rival, 485
60 Aristides the Just banished from Athens. Rover, 484
61 First Questors at Rome. Raven, 482
62 Battle of Thermopylæ—Leonidas opposes Xerexes. War office, 480
63 Battle of Salamis—Themistocles defeated the Persians. War office, 480
64 Battle of Platæa, between the Greeks and Persians Heroic boy, 479
65 Flight of Themistocles to Persia. Roguish, 476
66 Ezra commissioned by Artaxerxes to build Jerusalem. Rash go, 467.
67 Cincinnatus, dictator of Rome. Relish, 456
68 Nehemiah made governor of Judea by Artaxerxes. Ruler, 454
69 Creation of the Decemvirs. Royalty, 451
70 Banishment of Decemvirs, and death of Virginia. Sorry rape, 449
71 Herodotus read his history at the Olympic games. Rarely, 445
72 First military Tribunes at Rome. Rarely, 445
73 Plebeians allowed to intermarry with the Patricians. Rarely, 445
74 Pericles successful in the Samian war. Warriors, 440
75 Roman Censors appointed. Rome awake, 437
76 Ezra flourished. Remake, 437
77 Peloponnesian War—lasted 27 years. Warmed, 431
78 The plague at Athens. Rainbow, 429
79 Pericles died, aged 70 Rainbow, 429
80 Malachi, the last of the prophets, died. Ruins, 420
81 End of the Peloponnesian war—thirty tyrants rule Athens. Arrest, 401
82 Retreat of the ten thousand Greeks under the Zenophon. Arrest, 401
83 Explusion of thirty tyrants from Athens, by Thrasybulus. Residue, 401
84 Death of Socrates. Roses, 400
85 The Corinthian War commences Empire, 394
86 Thucydides the historian died, aged 80. Embody, 391.
87 Rome taken by the Gauls under Brennus. Embassy, 390
88 Battle of Leuctra—Bœotians and Lacedemonians. Maggot, 371
89 The first Plebian consul at Rome. Magic, 367
90 The Thebans triumph at Mantinea. Machine, 362
91 Hippocrates, the father of medicine, died, a. 90. Match die, 361
B.C
92 Discovery of analysis, by Plato. Matches, 360
93 Xenophon the historian died, a. 90. Small boy, 359
94 The accession of Philip II. king of Macedon. Small boy, 359
95 The breaking out of the Sacred War. My life, 358
96 Birth of Alexander the Great. Small show, 356

PERIOD VIII.

From the Birth of Alexander the Great to the Destruction of Carthage.

ROMAN RENOWN.—Knights,210.

B.C
97 The erection of the Mausoleum, the sixth wonder of the world. Mallet, 351
98 The Plebians admitted to the censorship. Mallet, 351
99 Second commercial treaty between Rome and Carthage. Mere foe, 348
100 Plato the philosopher died, aged 80. Mere foe, 348

———

FOURTH SERIES.

ONE HUNDRED EVENTS

———

Virgil 50 years B.C.


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NUMERICAL KEY. 27.

BC
1 Samnite War with the Romans, continued 53 years, Maw worm, 351
2 Battle of Chæronea, won by Philip. Mimic, 337
3 Plebeians admitted to the Prætorship of Rome. Whim of homage, 336
4 Accession of Darius and Alexander the Great to the throne. Aim at much, 336
5 Destruction of Thebes by Alexander. Memory, 334
6 Battle of Granicus won by Alexander. Memoir, 334
7 Alexander captured the city of Tyre. Mummy nigh, 332
8 Battle of Arbela; fall of Darius. Maimed, 331
9 Alexander penetrated into India. Maniac, 327
10 Death of Alexander, aged 32. Man of war, 324
11 Demosthenes poisoned himself, aged 60. Minion, 322
12 Aristotle the philosopher died, aged 62. Humanity, 321
13 The Samnites pass the Romans under their yoke. Humanity, 321
14 Seleucus established the kingdom of Syria. Matter, 314
15 Battle of Ipsus. Antigonus defeated. Mast, 301
16 Papirius Cursor erected the first sun-dial at Rome. New beam, 293
17 Pharos of Alexandria built. New fire, 284
18 College and Library of Alexandria founded. Infamy, 283
19 The Gauls invaded Greece. Hen coop, 279
20 Septuagint translation of the Old Testament. Synagogue, 277
21 The first silver money coined at Rome. New ship, 269
22 The first Punic war commenced. Injury, 264
23 The first naval conquest of the Romans. Own choice, 260
24 Regulus, the Roman general, defeated by the Carthaginians. Analogy, 256
25 All the records of China destroyed by an imperial edict. Anarchy, 247
26 End of the first Punic War. New ruin, 242
BC
10 Antigonus wrested the kingdom form his uncle Hyrcanus. Ruse, 40
11 Herod took Jerusalem and became king. Mug, 37
12 Sallust, a philosophical historian, died, aged 56. Match, 36
13 Battle of Actium—Antony defeated by Octavius. Emmet, 31
14 Death of Cleopatra and Antony. Miss, 30
15 Second shutting of the temple of Janus—universal peace Nap, 29
16 Varro, the most learned of the Romans, died, aged 87. Envoy, 28
17 Augustus proclaimed Emporer of Rome. Nag, 27
18 Ovidius banished by Augustus Signs, 20
19 Virgil,* as poet, excelled his contemporary. Tibullus, 19 a.50
20 Herod began to build the temple at Jerusalem. Deck, 17
21 Augustus Pontifex Maximus burnt 2000 pontifical books. Time, 13
22 The greatest of the lyric poets, died, aged 56. Foe, 8
23 Temple finished and dedicated by Herod. Foe, 8
24 Zacharias, the priest, struck dumb in the temple. Aisle, 5
25 John the Baptist born six months before our Saviour. Era, 4
26 BIRTH OF CHRIST, four years before the vulgar area. Hero, 4

PERIOD XI.

From the Nativity of Christ to the Reign of Constantine.

TEN PERSECUTIONS.—Message—306.



* The name of the poet Tibullus gives both the age and death of Virgil.


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28 MEMORIA TECHNICA.

27 Infants of Bethlehem slain by order of Herod. Home, 3
28 Death of Herod the Great. Aim, 3
29 Christian era commenced. Recess of war, A.M. 4004
30 Varus, the Roman General, defeated by Herman.. Abbey, A.D. 9

After Christ

31 Tiberius became Emperor of Rome.. Dower, 14
32 Livy, the prince of the Roman historians, died, aged 67. Decoy, 17
33 Pontius Pilate, governor of Judea. Yankee, 27
34 Strabo, geographer and historian. Knife, 28
35 Crucifixion of Jesus Christ, April 3d. Maim, 33
36 St. Paul's miraculous conversion. More, 34
37 Caligula became the fourth emperor of Rome. Homage, 36
38 The disciples first called Christians, at Antioch. Ride, 41
39 Claudius rigned, a weak and stupid sovereign. Ride, 41
40 The council at Jerusalem. Aoles, 50
41 Sergius Paulus, the Proconsul, converted through Paul. Lion, 52
42 St. Paul went to Athens. Alone, 52
43 Agrippina murdered Claudius to make her son Nero king. Liar, 54
44 Nero poisoned Britannicus. Ill will, 55
45 Paul plead before Felix. Lucky, 57
46 Paul made his defence before Festus. Chaise, 60
47 Nero burnt Rome, and charged it upon the Christians. Chair, 64
48 Paul set at liberty. Jury, 64
49 Nero put Seneca to death. Jail, 65
50 St. Peter crucified, and St. Paul beheaded. Judge, 66
51 Destruction of Jerusalem. Gas, 70
52 Vespasian, a popular emperor. Goose, 70
53 Titus, an excellent prince. Cup, 79
AC
54 Pliny suffocated at the first recorded eruption of Vesuvias. Copy, 79
55 The second general persecution of Christians. Bull, 95
56 Quintillian, a celebrated rhetorician, died. Bale, 95
57 Tacitus, the Roman historian, died. Peep, 99
58 Third persecution under Trojan. Hasty Siege, 106
59 Accession of Adrian. Tidy cow, 117
60 Heresy of Marcian, who acknowledged three Gods. Tame roe, 134
61 Insurrection in which half a million Jews die. Tamely, 135
62 Plutarch, the principal biographer of antiquity, died. Authors, 140
63 Heresy of Valentine, who admitted several gods. Torn, 142
The Saracens first mentioned in history. Tribe, 149
The fourth persecution under M.A. Antoninus. Aid of a Judge, 166
66 Fifth persecution of Christians, under Severus. No sin, 202
67 Caracalla became emperor, and slew his brother. Wanted, 211
68 Alexander Severus became emperor. Unknown, 222
69 Maximin, who excited the sixth persecution, slain. Animal, 235
70 Pompey's Theatre burnt. Unroof, 248
71 Seventh persecution of Christians, under Decius. Nails, 250
72 Goths invaded the Roman empire. Nails, 250
73 Eighth persecution, under the Emperor Palarien. New leaf, 258
74 Era of the thirty tyrants, and invasion of hte Huns.. Unholy boy, 259
75 Emperor Claudius defeated the Goths. New chief, 268
76 Aurelian excited the ninth persecution. Yankee hum, 273
77 Diocletian became emperor of Rome. New fine, 284
78 Diocletian divided the empire. Knee-pan, 292
Diocletian excited the tenth persecution. Museum, 303
80 Death of wicked Maximus. Mad whim, 313
81 Arius propagated his doctrine. Motive, 318
82 Constantine the Great, sole emperor. Moon May, 323

PERIOD XII.

From the Reign of Constantine to the Extinction of the Western Empire.

NOTHERN INVASION.—Fox, 870.

83 First Ecclesiastical Council at Nice. Manual, 325
84 Constantine embraced Christianity. Mean foe, 328
85 Removal of the seat of Empire from Rome to Constantinople. Many weep, 329
86 Death of Constantine. Mimic, 337
87 The empire divided among Constantine's three sons. Mimic, 337
88 Julian, the apostate emperor—he restores Paganism. Matches, 360
89 Theodosius, the last sole Roman emperor. Move off, 388
90 Theodosius prohibited Paganism. Impious, 390
91 Theodosius divided the empire into Eastern and Western. Ample, 395
92 Arcadius succeeded to the Eastern, Honorius to the Western Empire. Amiably, 395
93 The first bell founded. Roses, 400
94 The kingdom of the Visigoths founded. Retinue, 412
95 The kingdom of the Burgundian established. Rhythm, 413
96 The kingdom of the Franks founded. Ruins, 420
97 The kingdom of the Vandals in Africa founded. Orange, 426
98 The Romans withdrew from Britain. Runaway foe, 428
99 The Saxons entered Britain. Rare pay, 449
100 Atilla defeated at the battle of Chalons. Reality, 451
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NUMERICAL KEY. 29

SIXTH SERIES.

ONE HUNDRED EVENTS

———

AC
1 Death of Atilla, the "the Scourge of God." Realm, 453
2 Genseric, the Vandal, pillaged Rome. Real show, 456
3 Accession of Leo the Great. Relic, 457
4 Augustus Romulus, last emperor of Rome. Roguish, 476

PERIOD XIII.

From the Extinction of the Western Empire to the Flight of Mahomet.

JUSTINIAN CODE.—Trash,146.

A.C.
5 Death of Genseric. Airy quack, 477
6 The battle of Soissons, gained by Clovis, the French king. Rival, 485
7 Anastasius, emperor of the East. Rabbit, 491
8 Odoacer murdered by Theodoric.. Ripe whim, 493
9 Clovis converted to Christianity. (Gaul) France Rubbish, 496
10 Clovis made Paris his capital. Lights, 510
11 Persecution of the Jews. Light hope, 519
12 Theodoric put Boethius to death,. Lean Jew, 526
13 An earthquake in the East. Link, 527
14 Justinian, emperor of the East. Link, 527
15 The first monastery of the West at Monte Cassino. Lion paw, 529
16 An insurrection at Constantinople. Low man, 532
17 Justinian's code of laws.. Law to maim, 533
? —18 Belisarius took Carthage. Lame hero, 534
19 Computation of time from the Christian era. Solemn age, 536
20 Belisarius conquered Italy, and took Rome. Lame cow, 537
21 Belisarius refuses the sceptre of Italy. Low race, 540
22 Arthur, king of Britain, was slain. Learn, 542
23 Totila, the Goth, plundered Rome. ,
Rome re-taken by Belisarius. Whole robe, 549
Rome recovered by Totila. Lawless, 550
Silkworms brought to China by two monks. Loyalty, 551
27 Narses defeated the Goths, and governed Italy. Ill and lame, 553
28 An earthquake in the East. Lowly echo, 557
29 Kingdom of Lombards found. Law chief, 568
30 The Latin language ceased to be spoken in Italy. Leaves, 580
31 Antioch destroyed by an earthquake. Low abyss, 590
32 Gregory the Great becomes Pope. Low abyss, 590
33 St. Augustine went to Britain. Help of a Jew, 596
34 Papal supremacy and image worship. Joyous age, 606
Heraclitus became emperor. Shadows, 610
Clotaire II. sole king of France. Watched him, 613
Hegira, or flight of Mahomet. Genuine, 622


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30 MEMORIA TECHNICA.

PERIOD XIV.

From the Flight of Mahomet to the Crowning of Charlemagne.

SARACEN DOMINION.—Take a vow,178.

AC
38 Death of Mahomet. Watchman, 632
39 Pens first made from quills. Sham vow, 634
40 Alexandrian library destroyed. Shears, 640
41 The Lombard code of laws. Charm, 643
42 The Saracens took Cyprus. Sheriff, 648
43 The Saracens took Rhodes, and erected the Colossus. Julian, 652
44 Organs first used in churches. Showy help, 659
45 Constantinople besieged by the Saracens. Shaken, 672
46 The Saracens invaded Spain, but were expelled. Chuckle, 675
47 Ceadwalla took Sussex and Kent. Showy Voyage, 686
48 After the battle of Xeres, Roderick was drowned in the Guadalquiver. Kitten, 712
49 The Saracens took Spain. Academy, 713
50 Leo III. Greek emperor. Gothic, 717
51 Pope Gregory expelled the Lombards. Canboy, 729
52 The battle of Tours lasted seven days. Common, 732
53 Saracen Caliph Almanzar. Glory, 754
54 End of hte Lombard kingdom. Quaker, 774
55 Haroun-Al-Raschid, Caliph—he did much for science. Gay voyage, 786
56 Constantine reigned. Gay voyage, 786
57 Restoration of image of worship. Gave a key, 787
58 Irene murdered her son Constantine. Gave a key, 787
59 The Danes appear in England. Gave a key, 787
60 Charlemagne crowned emperor. Faces, 800

PERIOD XV.

From the Crowning of Charlemagne to the First Crusade.

NEW WESTERN EMPIRE—Nobly,295.


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NUMERICAL KEY. 31

AC
61 Leo, the Armenian, became Greek emperor. Fathom, 813
62 Louis, the German, reigned. Fatigue, 817
63 Michael II., the Stammerer, emperor. Fancy, 821
64 Egbert united the Saxon heptarchy. Event, 821
65 Michael III., the Drunkard, ascended the throne of Rome. Frown, 842
66 Unions of the Picts and Scots, forming Scotland. Form, 843
67 The Normans took Rouen. Form, 843
68 Alfred defeated by the Danes near Wilton. Heavy coin, 872
69 Charles the Fat, emperor. Fifty, 881
70 Oxford University founded. Safe voyage, 886
71 Louis III., emperor of Germany. Half a baby, 889
72 Death of Alfred the Great. Basis, 900
73 Normans established in Normandy. Button, 912
74 Five German nations elect an emperor. Button, 912
75 Constantine VII. emperor. Button, 912
76 Otho the Great, emperor. Pay an image, 936
AC
77 Italy pillaged by Berenger. Ball at a boy, 959
78 Hugh Capet, king of France. Baby fog, 987
79 Arabic numerals introduced. Dozy Swiss, 1000
80 Ethelred massacred by teh Danes. Diocesan, 1002
81 A large comet appeared in Leo. Whetstone, 1012
82 Romanus II., emperor. Dozy knave, 1028
83 Leo poisoned Romanus, her husband. Dozy moor, 1034
84 Christian kingdoms of Spain united by Sancho. Dismal, 1035
85 Battle of Hastings—William I. conquered. Odious judge, 1066
86 France ravaged by William the Conqueror. Dizzy fog, 1087
87 The first of the crusades. Despatch, 1096

PERIOD XVI.

From the First Crusade to the Founding of the Turkish Empire.

Crusaders—Answer,204.

AC
88 Jerusalem taken by the crusaders. Dizzy pope, 1099
89 An earthquake in Italy. Deduces, 1100
90 Wars between England and France began. Tide of time, 1113
91 Prince Henry drowned in shipwreck. Deadness, 1120
92 Beneventum, Capua, taken by Roger, k. of Sicily from the Pope. Stout mail, 1135
93 Alphonso, the first king of Portugal. Stout mob, 1139
94 Manuel I., Greek emperor. Day dream, 1143
95 The second crusade. Stout rake, 1147
96 Frederic Barbarossa came to the throne. Title new, 1152
97 Genghis Khan, the greatest of murderers. Detacher, 1164
98 The invasion of Ireland by Henry II. Stout king, 1172
99 Saladin took Jerusalem. Stout fig, 1187
100 The third crusade undertaken. Stout fib, 1189

———

SEVENTH SERIES.

ONE HUNDRED EVENTS

———


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32 MEMORIA TECHNICA.

AC
1 Richard the Lion King of Engalnd. Tidy fop, 1189
2 Crusaders took Acre. Dead pope, 1199
3 Companus of Lombardy, the astronomer. Tidy baby, 1199
4 The fourth crusade undertaken. Denizen, 1202
5 Battle of Tolosa between the Christians and Moors. *Undone, 1212
6 The battle of Bouvines, between Philip and John. Thunder, 1214
Magna Charta granted by king John. Tin idol, 1215
8 The fifth crusade. Authentic, 1217
9 Louis IX., king of France. Athenian age, 1226
10 The sixth crusade, by Frederick II. Done enough, 1228
11 The Hanseatic league of the towns. Downward, 1241
12 The seventh crusade, by Louis IX. Teneriffe, 1248
AC
13 Alphonso X., made king of Castile and Leon. Tone of a lion, 1255
14 Linen made first in England. of a loom, 1252
15 The second Greek empire established. Dunlap, 1259
16 The first parliament of England. Dingy wall, 1265
17 Louis IX. sets on foot the eighth crusade, in which he died. Ton of wax, 1270
18 Glass mirrors invented. Tin kite, 1271
19 The orders of mendicants reduced to the Dominicans, Franciscans, Carmelites, and Hermits of St. Augustine. Tawny queen, 1272
20 Sicilian Vespers, 4000 French massacred. Tin vein, 1282
21 The conquest of Wales by England. Thin fame, 1283
22 Philip the Fair, king of France. Downfall, 1285
22 Philip the Fair, king of France. Downfall, 1285
22 Philip the Fair, king of France. Downfall, 1285
23 The decision of Edward I. between Baliol and Bruce. Tin pan, 1292
24 Wallace's attempt to free Scotland. Heathen pack, 1297
25 Founding of the Turkish empire. Tin pipe, 1299

PERIOD XVII.

From the Founding of the Turkish Empire to the Taking of Constantinople.

ROMAN SCHISM.—Tall row, 154.

AC
26 Mariner's compass invented. Time with the sun, 1302
27 Battle of Bannockburn—Scotland freed. Diameter 1314
28 Battle of Morgarten—independence of Switzerland. Timidly, 1314
29 Notes of music invented. Time to muse, 1330
30 Gunpowder invented. Time to be mad
31 Union of Frense—opposition to the Pope. Time to move
32 Cannon invented, *Mars, 1340
33 Battle of Cressy, gained by the English. *March, 1346
34 A pestilence prevailed through Europe. Time rough, 1348
35 Peter the Cruel came to the throne. Doomless, 1350
36 Great earthquake in South Roumelia. Tame lily, 1355
37 Battle of Poictiers—king John taken prisoner. Demolish, 1356
38 John Wickliffe commenced a reformation. Dumb shows, 1360
39 Invention of metal drawing and pins. Dumb shows, 1360
40 Accession of Charles V., of France. *Imagery, 1364
41 Accession of Tamerlane. Dumb ox, 1370
42 The invention of playing cards. Time of vice, 1380
4 The insurrection of Wat Tyler in England. Tame fight, 1381
John of Portugal, the Usurper, came to the throne. Tame fellow, 1385
Accession of the house of Lancaster in Henry IV. Dumpy boy, 1399
46. Accession of Sigismond. Tirades, 1410
47 Battle of Agincourt—the English defeated the French. Adroitly, 1415
48 The treaty of Troyes. Adherence, 1420
49 The vulgar Christian era introduced into Portugal. Renown, 1422
50 Joan of Arc raised the siege of Orleans. True knave, 1428
51 Joan of Arc burnt at the stake by the English. Dairy maid, 1431
52 Cosmo I., of Florence, the father of his country. Dreamer, 1434
53 Alphonso V., of Naples, came to the throne. Turmoil, 1435
54 Invention of carriages. *War horse, 1440
55 Invention of printing. *Reward, 1441
56 Constantine XIII., last of the Greek emperors. Dear review, 1448
57 Constantinople taken by Mahomet II. *Realm, 1453


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NUMERICAL KEY.33

PERIOD XVII.

From the Taking of Constantinople to the Birth of Cromwell.

REFORMATION.—Torch—146.

A.C.
58 Battle of St. Albans. Water lily, 1455
59 Corinth taken by the Turks. True love, 1458
60 Accession of Louis XI. *Wretched, 1461
62 Marriage of Ferdinand the Catholic, and Isabella. Authorship, 1469
63 Battle of Tewksbury—Edward IV. defeated his enemies. Target, 1471
64 Charles, of Burgundy, killed. Tear quick, 1477
65 The Inquisition established at Seville. *Revise, 1480
66 Slave trade began by the Portuguese. True vine, 1482
67 Battle of Bosworth—Henry VII. defeated by Richard III. Trifle, 1485
68 Cape of Good Hope, discovered by Bartholomew Diaz. *Refuge, 1486
69 Pope Innocent VIII. and Lorenzo de Medici die. Turban, 1492
70 Conquest of Grenada, and expulsion of the Jews from Spain. Turban, 1492
71 First voyage of Columbus for discovery. Tribune, 1492
72 Expedition of Charles VIII. to Naples. Trouble, 1495
73 The Cabots first discover North America. Tropic, 1497
74 Columbus sent to Spain in chains. Tall ice house, 1500
75 Discovery of Brazil, and birth of Charles V. Tall ice house, 1500
76 Death of Alexander I. from poison prepared for another. Tall sum, 1503
77 League of Cambray. Tall sieve, 1508
78 An earthquake at Constantinople, Sept. 14th. Tall sea boy, 1509
79 Conquest of Cuba by the Spaniards. Delighted, 1511
80 Battle of Ravenna, gained by Gaston de Foix. Withholden, 1512
81 Florida discovered by Ponce de Leon. Withholden, 1512
82 Selim I. poisoned by his father Bajazet II. Withholden, 1512
83 Battle of Flodden Field—James IV. slain. Still time, 1513
84 Accession of Christian II., who married Isabella, sister of Charles V. Still time, 1513
85 Balboa discovered the South Sea. Dull time, 1513
86 Accession of Francis I. Do little, 1515
87 Battle of Marignan—Francis I. defeated the Swiss. Do little, 1515
88 Holy League in France. Ideal dish, 1516
89 Death of Ferdinand, and accession of Charles V. Daily dish, 1516
90 The Reformation of Luther. Tall talk, 1517
91 Slaves introduced into America. Tall talk, 1517
92 Invention of gunlocks. Tall talk, 1517
93 Discovery of Mexico. Tall thief, 1518
94 Cortez invaded Mexico. Ideal type, 1519
95 Voyage round the world commenced. Ideal type, 1519
96 Charles V. emperor. Ideal type, 1519
97 The massacre of Swedish mobility. Idleness, 1520
98 Death of Montezuma. Idleness, 1520
99 Meeting of Henry VIII, and Francis I. Idleness, 1520
100 Introduction of chocolate into England. Idleness, 1520


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Socinius denied the divinity and pre-existence of Christ—(? a modern Unitarian)

34 MEMORIA TECHNICA.

EIGHTH SERIES.

ONE HUNDRED EVENTS

———


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NUMERICAL KEY. 35

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36 MEMORIA TECHNICA

A.C.
1 The Turks capture Belgrade. Headland, 1521
2 Siege of Rhodes by 200,000 men. Tall nun, 1522
3 Accession of Gustavus Vasa, the historian. Dull name, 1523
4 Discovery of New Holland by the Portuguese. Outlaw only, 1525
5 Battle of Pavia—Francis I. taken prisoner by Charles V. Dull knell, 1525
6 Institution of the Capuchin order. Outlaw only, 1525
7 Introduction of turkeys into England. *Lean owl, 1525
8 Lutheranism destablished in Denmark. Tall notch, 1526
9 New Guinea discovered by Savedra, a Spaniard. Tall nag, 1527
10 Vienna besieged by the Turks. Idle nap, 1529
11 The Reformers acquired the name of Protestant. Italian hope, 1529
12 First voyage to Guinea for elephant's teeth as an ivory. Idle mess, 1530
13 The confession of Augsburg. Idle mess, 1530
14 Henry VIII. divorced Catherine and married Anne Boleyn. Dull mummy, 1533
15 Reformation of Henry VIII. in England. Dull hammer, 1534
16 Accession of Christian III. Tall mayor, 1534
17 Cartier visited Canada. Tall mayor, 1534
?18 Cortez discovered

California

.
Dull meal, 1535
19 Anabaptist war in Germany. Ideal homily, 1535
20 Execution of Anne Boleyn. Outlaw match, 1536
21 First suppression of monasteries in England. Idol image, 1536
22 Chili discovered by Diego de Almegro. Still mohawk, 1537
23 Invention of lotteries. Idle move, 1538
24 Expedition of De Soto to Florida. Ideal map, 1539
25 Ignatius Loyola foudned the order of Jesuits. Idle ruse, 1540
26 First English vessel sailed China. Dull route, 1541
27 River Mississippi discovered. Still rate, 1541
28 Cartier builta fort at Quebec. Still rate, 1541
29 Assassination of Pizarro. Still rate, 1541
?30 Japan discovered by the Portuguese. *Learn, 1542
31 Death of Hernando de Soto. Daily ruin, 1542
32 Mary Stuart born. *Learn,, 1542
33 Catherine Howard beheaded. Dull ruin, 1542
34 Peace of Crespi—the French gave up Italy. Duly roar, 1544
35 Silver mines of Potosi discovered. *Laurel, 1545
36 Massacre of the Vaudois. *Laurel, 1545
37 Council of Trent. Idle rule, 1545
38 Doctrines of Socinus promulgated. Idle rush, 1546
39 Henry VIII. and Francis I. died. Tall rake, 1547
40 Cortez, the conqueror of Mexico, died. Wood lark, 1547
41 Fiesque's conspiracy in Genoa. Wood lark, 1547
42 Scots defeated by the English at Pinkey. Tall rake, 1547
43 Invention of the balance wheel. Tall roof, 1548
44 Roberval sailed for Canada with a colony. Toil at rope, 1549
45 The plough introduced into Peru. *Lawless, 1550
46 Era of the English Puritans. *Lawless, 1550
AC
Severtus executed for heresy by the Council of Geneva. Still lamb, 1553
48 Roxalana murdered her stepson Mustapha. Still lamb, 1533
49 The Low Countries invaded by the French. Tall liar, 1554
50 Mary married Philip II. of Spain. Tall liar, 1554
51 John Rogers and others burnt. Tall lily, 1555
52 Coligni sent a colony to Brazil. Tall lily, 1555
53 Corsica ravaged by the Turks. Tall ledge, 1556
54 Accession of Sebastian at three years of age. Tall luck, 1557
55 The French take Calais. Dull lava, 1558
56 Peace of Chateau Cambresis. *Lullaby, 1559
57 The civil wars in France commence by a conspiracy of Amboise. Delicious, 1560
58 John Knox engaged in the Reformation of Scotland. Delicious, 1560
59 Eric, king of Sweden. Delicious, 1560
60 Coligni planted a colony in Florida. Theologian, 1562
61 First civil war in France, Catholics against Protestants. Theologian, 1562
62 The English engage in the slave trade. Tall chain, 1562
63 Michael Angelo and Calvin died. Tall shore, 1564
64 Shakespeare and Galileo born. Tall shore, 1564
65 Mary, Queen of Scots, married Darnley. Tall jail, 1565
66 The holy league for extirpation of Protestantism. Tall judge, 1566
67 Murder of Rizzio. Tall judge, 1566
68 The Turks invade Hungary. Tall judge, 1566
69 Second Civil War in France—Battle of Dennis. *Logic, 1567
70 Murder of Darnley by Bothwell. Dull joke, 1567
71 Mary Stuart takes refuge in England. Tall sheaf, 1568
72 Execution of the Counts Egmont and Horn. Tall sheaf, 1568
73 Battle of Jarnie—the Protestants defeated. Idle chap, 1569
74 Catherine made peace with the Huguenots. Delicacy, 1570
75 Massacre of St. Bartholomew. Tall gun, 1572
76 Sigismond II. died, the last of the Jagellons. Tall gun, 1572
77 The Duke of Norfolk executed. Tall queen, 1572
78 Remorse and death of Charles II. Dull choir, 1574
79 The Spaniards besiege Leyden. Dull quill, 1575
80 League for the extirpation of the Protestants. Dull quack, 1577
81 Republic of Holland formed. Dull cab, 1579
82 Union of Spain and Portugal. Tall vase, 1580
83 Siberia conquered. Still fight, 1581
84 Calendar reformed by Pope Gregory XIII. *Leaven, 1582
85 Prince of Orange murdered. Delver, 1584
86 Sir Walter Raleigh attempts to colonize Virginia. Deliver, 1584
87 Davis Straits discovered. Tall fish, 1586
88 Potatoes introduced into England. *Lavish, 1586
89 Raleigh's colony carried to England by Sir Francis Drake. *Lavish, 1586
90 Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, executed. Dull fog, 1587aged 45
91 Destruction of the Invincible Armada. Outlive the wave, 1588
92 Duke of Guise adn the Gardinal of Lorraine assassinated. Outlive the wave, 1588
––93 The English Mercury, the first newspaper published. Outlive the wave, 1588
94 Henry III. assassinated by Jacques Clement. Tall fop, 1589
95 Sigismond III. united Poland and Sweden. *Albino, 1592
96 Presbyterian church government established by act of Parliament. *Albino, 1592
97 Henry IV. abjured the Protestant religion. Dull poem, 1593
98 The first European child born in North America. Tulip gay, 1597
AC
99 Edict of Nantes—toleration to Protestants. Stale puff, 1598
100 Oliver Cromwell born. Still baby, 1599

NINTH SERIES.

ONE HUNDRED EVENTS

———

PERIOD XIX.

From the Birth of Cromwell to the Death of Charles XII.

ENGLISH COMMONWEALTH.—Steady pay119.


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NUMERICAL KEY. 37

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38 MEMORIA TECHNICA

AC
1 East India Company formed. Dutch seas, 1600
2 Union of Scotland with England. Dashy son, 1602
3 The gunpowder plot. Dutch cell, 1605
4 The settlement of Jamestown. Toyish scow, 1607
5 Founding of Quebec by Champlain. Dutch housewife, 1608
6 Hudson River discovered. Swedish spy, 1609
7 Henry IV. assassinated by Ravaillac. Toyish days, 1610
8 The Moors expelled from Spain. Dutch tide, 1611
9 Accession of Gustavus Adolphus. Dashy thought, 1611
10 Matthias, emperor of Germany. Dutch tune, 1612
11 Pocahontas married John Rolfe. Dashy time, 1613
12 New York settled by the Dutch. Dutch team, 1613
13 Napier invented logarithms. Dashy deer, 1614
14 Last meeting States General in France previous to revolution. Dutch tory, 1614
15 Fort Orange built, (in the State of New York,) Dutch tool, 1615
16 Concini, Marshal d'Ancre, assassinated. Watch tick, 1617
17 Ploughs introduced into Virginia. Thatched hive, 1618
18 Thirty years' war commenced in Germany. Thatched hive, 1618
19 Discovery of the circulation of the blood, by Harvey. Dish tub, 1619
20 First Colonial Assembly in Virginia. Whitish type, 1619
21 Negroes introduced into Virginia. Dutch noise, 1620
22 Girls sent to Virginia, and exchanged for tobacco. Dashy noise, 1620
23 Pilgrims landed at Plymouth. Teach news, 1620
24 Whig and Tory parties formed in England. Tie a giant, 1621
25 Dutch cruelties at Amboyna. Dutch a name, 1623
26 The first colony settled in New Hampshire. Dodge an enemy, 1623
27 The first English settlement in the West Indies. Dutch nail, 1625
28 A pestilence in England. Dutch nail, 1625
29 Delaware settled by Swedes and Finns. Dashy nag, 1627
30 Maine settled by the English. Dutch mess, 1630
31 Boston settled. Dutch mice, 1630
32 Gustavus Adolphus gained hte battle of Leipsic. Die ashamed, 1631
33 The battle of Lutzen, in which Gustavus Adolphus died. Dutchman, 1632
34 Accession of Christiana. Dutch woman, 1632
35 Maryland settled by Irish Catholics, under Lord Baltimore. Dutch mayor, 1634
Connecticut settled by the English Puritans. *Ishmael, 1635
AC
37 Rhode Island settled by Roger Williams. Dutch homage, 1636
38 The Pequod Indians subdued. Boyish mug, 1637
39 Harvard University founded. Dutch muff, 1638
40 New Haven settled. *Show map, 1639
41 Revolution in Portugal. Teach a heresy, 1640
42 The Long Parliament convened. *Shares, 1640
43 Montreal founded—the Jesuits go to convert the Indians. Teach a heresy, 1640
44 Sugar cane planted in the West Indies. Stage road, 1641
45 Coffee introduced into England. *Charity, 1641
46 Strafford beheaded. *Charity, 1641
47 Rebellion in Ireland. *Charity, 1641
48 Civil War in England. *Shrine, 1642
49 Sir Isaac Newton born, and Galileo died.aged 78 *Shrine, 1642
50 Union of the four New England colonies. *Dutch room, 1643
51 Episcopacy abolished by the House of Commons. *Germs, 1643
52 Battle of Marston Moor. *Charm, 1643
53 Battle of Naseby and the Canadian war. *Dutch roll, 1645
54 Charles I. delivered up byto the Scots.by *Shark, 1647
55 The Cossack War in Poland. Dish rag, 1647
56 Treaty of Westphalia. *Sheriff, 1648
57 Charles I. of England beheaded. *Sharp, 1649
58 Montrose executed. *Joyless, 1650
59 Cape of Good Hope settled by a Dutch colony. *Jealous, 1650
60 North Carolina settled. *Jealous, 1650
61 Battle of Worcester—Cromwell defeats the Scots. *Shield, 1651
62 War between England and Holland. Dutch lion, 1652
63 THe long Parliament dissolved. Jolly home, 1653
64 Christiana abdicated the throne of Sweden. *Jewelry, 1654
65 Conquest of Jamaica. Dutch lily, 1655
66 Quakers persecuted in Massachusetts. Dutch lash, 1656
67 Charles X. conquered John Casimir of Poland. Dutch Wolf, 1658
68 Death of Oliver Cromwell. Dutch Wolf, 1658
69 Pickering defeats the Spaniards and takes Dunkirk. Dutch Wolf, 1658
70 The peace of the Pyrennes. Dutch help, 1659
71 King of Denmark declared absolute and his throne hereditary. Dutch chaise, 1660
72 New York taken from the Dutch. Dutch Chair, 1664
73 Great Plague in London—nearly 100,000 victims. Dutch jail, 1665
74 Great fire in London—13,000 buildings consumed. Dutch judge, 1666
75 Peace of Breda. Dutch joke, 1667
76 Peace of Aix la Chapelle. Dutch joke, 1667
77 Battle of Solbay. Dutch queen, 1672
78 The two De Witts murdered by their countrymen. *Shaken, 1672
79 King Philip's War in New England. *Chuckle, 1675
80 Rebellion of Bacon in Virginia. Dutch coach, 1676
81 Episcopacy established in Scotland. Dutch copy, 1679
82 William Penn settled Pennsylvania. Dutch vane, 1682
83 Lord Russell and Algernon Sidney put to death. Dutch fame, 1683
84 Sobieski defeated the Turks. Dutch fame, 1683
85 James II. sent Sir E. Andros governor-general to New England. *Wishful, 1685
86 Edict of Nantes revoked. *Wishful, 1685
87 Newtonian philosophy promulgated. Teach on a voyage, 1686
88 The Revolution—the people deny the divine right of kings. *Chief foe, 1688
89 Accession of William and Mary. *Chief Foe, 1689
90 Peter the Great, Czar of Russia. Dutch fop, 1689
91 Schenectady burnt by the Indians. *Shops, 1690
92 The battle of Boyne, in which the Irish were defeated. *Ships, 1890
93 The French fleet defeated the English. Chap of a day, 1691
94 The battle of La Hogue—the English victorious. Dutch pin, 1692
95 Salem witchcraft. Dish pan, 1692
96 Earthquake in Sicily—100,000 persons destroyed. Dutch poem, 1693
97 Massacre of Glencoe, in Scotland. Dutch poem, 1693
98 Rice introduced into South Carolina from Africa. Teachable, 1695
99 The peace of Ryswick. Dutch book, 1697
100 Peter the Great engaged in ship-building. Dutch book, 1697

———

TENTH SERIES.

ONE HUNDRED EVENTS.

———

1 Augustus II. king of Poland. Dutch book, 1697
2 Accession of Charles XII. of Sweden. Adage book, 1697
3 Piracies of Robert Kid. Dutch beehive, 1698
4 Louisiana settled. Dutch pipe, 1699
5 Battle of Narva—Peter the Great defeated. Taxes, 1700
6 The act of succession in Great Britain. Taxes, 1700
7 Prussia became a kingdom. Text, 1701
8 Yale College founded at New Haven, Conn. Text, 1701
9 The charter of Philadelphia granted. Tocsin, 1702
10 Gibraltar taken by the English. White chasm, 1703
11 The first newspaper printed in North America. Talk wiser, 1704
12 Accession of Joseph I. to Germany. Thick sole, 1705
13 Invasion of Carolina by the Spaniards. Thick siege, 1706
14 The English attempt to take Port Royal. Tax go, 1707
15 Battle of Oudenarde—Marlborough against the French. Thick sieve, 1708
16 The first printing press in Connecticut. Tax pay, 1709
17 The first post office in the colonies, at New York. Adequate house, 1710
18 Expedition against Canada. Thick headed, 1711
19 The Indians massacred 137 whites in North Carolina. Thick tone, 1712
20 The ruins of Herculaneum discovered Dug them, 1713
21 The treaty of Utrecht. Took time, 1713
22 The first schooner built at Cape Ann. Doctor 1714
23 Rebellion in Scotland. Thick tile, 1715
24 Mississippi settled by the French. Cottage, 1716
25 New Orleans founded. Thick tack, 1717
26 Death of Charles XII. of Sweden. Duck thief, 1718


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Numerical Key. 39

PERIOD XX.

From the Death of Charles XII. to the Present Time.

REVOLUTIONS.—Heading a foe, 128


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40 MEMORIA TECHNICA.

27 Death of William Penn and Benjamin Church. Adequate view, 1718
28 Israel Putnam born. Adequate view, 1718
29 The first Presbyterian Church in the United States. Dug deep, 1719
30 The aurora borealis first noticed in New England. Dug deep, 1719
31 Tea begun to be used in New England. Thickness, 1720
32 Inoculation first tried on criminals. Thick nod, 1721
33 The first newspaper printed at New York by William Bradford. *Keenly, 1725
34 Aberration of the fixed stars discovered by Dr. Bradley. Thick nook, 1727
35 The Natchez Indians massacre the French. Talk of a nap, 1729
36 The fort at Crown Point erected. Dike in the mud, 1731
37 George Washington and Richard Henry Lee born. Take a man, 1732
38 Georgia settled by James Oglethorpe. Thick mummy, 1733
39 War between France and England. Dog roar, 1744
40 Treaty of Aix la Chapelle. Thick roof, 1748
41 New style adopted—Franklin's experiment with a kite. Thick lion, 1752
42 The great earthquake at Lisbon. *Weak and lowly, 1755
43 Braddock's defeat. *Weak and lowly, 1755
44 The Seven Year's War began. *Clash, 1756
45 End of the "old French war." Thick jam, 1763
46 Stamp act passed. Thick shawl, 1756
47 Dartmouth college founded. Thick chap, 1769
48 Lightning rods invented. Thick ox, 1770
49 The first partition of Poland. Took a cane, 1772
50 Battle of Bunker Hill. *Quickly, 1775
51 Declaration of Independence. Thick coach, 1776
52 Henry Clay born—Burgoyne surrendered. Thick cake, 1777
53 The treason of Arnold. Dog face, 1780
54 Independence of the United States. Echo of fame, 1783
55 Federal Constitution adopted by the States. Thick fog, 1787
56 The States General of France meet. Thick beef, 1798
57 Discovery of Galvanism. *Copied, 1791
58 First railroad in England. *Copied, 1791
59 The reign of terror in France. Thick beam, 1793
60 Vaccination introduced by Dr. Jenner. *Cow beef, 1798
61 General Washington died, aged 67. Cap a pie, 1799
62 Union of England and Ireland. Advised, 1801
63 Purchase of Louisiana. Tough sum, 1803
64 Napoleon crowned emperor of France. *Officer, 1804
65 Alexander Hamilton killed by Aaron Burr. Advisor, 1804
66 Battle of Austerlitz and Trafalgar. Vessel, 1805
67 Battle of Jena. Tough siege, 1806
68 Joseph Bonaparte, King of Naples. Tough siege, 1806
69 Battle of Friedland and Treaty of Tilsit. *Physic, 1807
70 Aaron Burr tried for conspiracy. *Physic, 1807
71 King of Portugal emigrated to Brazil. *Physic, 1807
72 Napoleon married Maria Louisa. *Fates, 1810
73 Holland annexed to France. *Fates, 1810
74 Revolution in Caraccas. *Fates, 1810
75 Burning of the Richmond Theatre. Defeated, 1811
76 Napoleon's Campaign in Russia. Tough tone, 1812
77 United States declared war against Great Britain. Tough tone, 1812
78 Battles of Lutzen and Leipsic. Tough time, 1813
79 Napoleon banished to Elba. Divider, 1814
80 British took Washington, and burned the public buildings. Divider, 1814
81 Battles of New Orleans and Waterloo. Devoutly, 1815
82 American Colonization Society. Tough dish, 1816
83 The Holy Alliance and Congress of Sovereigns. Divide off, 1818
84 The first steam ship crossed the Atlantic. Wavy deep, 1819
85 Spain ceded Florida to the United States. Wavy deep, 1819
86 Revolution in Spain. Divines, 1820
87 Death of Napoleon at St. Helena. Divine idea, 1821
88 Death of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. Tough notch, 1826
89 Catholic Relief Bill passed the British House of Commons. Stiff nap, 1829
90 Louis, Duke of Orleans, becomes King of the French. Stiff muss, 1830
91 The Reform Bill passed the British House of Commons. Deaf man, 1832
92 Slavery abolished in the British Colonies. Stiff mummy, 1833
93 The Florida War begun. *Family, 1835
94 Texas declared its independence. *Famish, 1836
95 Railroad from Manchester to Liverpool opened July 4. Tough make, 1837
96 Napoleon re-interred in Paris. Divorce, 1840
97 Contest for the extension of suffrage in Rhode Island. Tough Riot, 1841
98 Treaty between the United States and England concluded. Tavern, 1842
99 The Free Church of Scotland. Deform, 1843
The Philadelphia riots. Devourer, 1844

———

QUESTIONS ON THE ONE THOUSAND HISTORICAL EVENTS.

Many of these, and similar questions might be asked by a teacher on each of the periods. Before making out the answer to the 9th question, it will be well to consult the Chapter on Discoveries and Improvements in the Arts and Sciences.


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